Kittitas County, Washington

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Kittitas County, Washington
Kittitas County Courthouse - Ellensburg, Washington.jpg
Kittitas County Courthouse in Ellensburg
Map of Washington highlighting Kittitas County
Location in the U.S. state of Washington
Map of the United States highlighting Washington
Washington's location in the U.S.
Founded November 24, 1883
Seat Ellensburg
Largest city Ellensburg
Area
 • Total 2,333 sq mi (6,042 km2)
 • Land 2,297 sq mi (5,949 km2)
 • Water 36 sq mi (93 km2), 1.5%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 44,866
 • Density 19/sq mi (7/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Pacific: UTC-8/-7
Website www.co.kittitas.wa.us

Kittitas County /ˈkɪtɪtæs/ is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. The population was 44,866 in a 2016 census estimate. Its county seat and largest city is Ellensburg.[1] The county was created on November 24, 1883 when it separated from Yakima County.[2]

There are numerous interpretations of the name, which is from the language of the Yakama Nation. According to one source, it "has been said to mean everything from 'white chalk' to 'shale rock' to 'shoal people' to 'land of plenty'. Most anthropologists and historians concede that each interpretation has some validity depending upon the particular dialect spoken."[3]

Kittitas County comprises the Ellensburg, WA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,333 square miles (6,040 km2), of which 2,297 square miles (5,950 km2) is land and 36 square miles (93 km2) (1.5%) is water.[4] The highest point in the county is Mount Daniel at 7,959 feet (2,426 m) above sea level.

Geographic features[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 8,777
1900 9,704 10.6%
1910 18,561 91.3%
1920 17,737 −4.4%
1930 18,154 2.4%
1940 20,230 11.4%
1950 22,235 9.9%
1960 20,467 −8.0%
1970 25,039 22.3%
1980 24,877 −0.6%
1990 26,725 7.4%
2000 33,362 24.8%
2010 40,915 22.6%
Est. 2016 44,866 [5] 9.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2016[10]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 33,362 people, 13,382 households, and 7,788 families residing in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 16,475 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.77% White, 0.71% Black or African American, 0.91% Native American, 2.19% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 2.30% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. 5.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.4% were of German, 11.7% English, 9.0% Irish, 7.8% United States or American and 6.6% Norwegian ancestry. 93.2% spoke English and 4.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 13,382 households out of which 26.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.80% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.80% were non-families. 28.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.60% under the age of 18, 21.60% from 18 to 24, 24.60% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 98.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,546, and the median income for a family was $46,057. Males had a median income of $36,257 versus $25,640 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,928. About 10.50% of families and 19.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.

An irrigated hillside near Ellensburg

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 40,915 people, 16,595 households, and 9,225 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 17.8 inhabitants per square mile (6.9/km2). There were 21,900 housing units at an average density of 9.5 per square mile (3.7/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 89.3% white, 2.0% Asian, 1.0% American Indian, 0.9% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.7% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.6% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 26.2% were German, 15.4% were Irish, 12.7% were English, 8.2% were Norwegian, 5.1% were Italian, 5.0% were Swedish, and 3.4% were American.[14]

Of the 16,595 households, 24.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.4% were non-families, and 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.87. The median age was 31.9 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,232 and the median income for a family was $61,276. Males had a median income of $45,916 versus $35,380 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,467. About 10.3% of families and 21.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Flora and fauna[edit]

There are a variety of species represented within Kittitas County. These include a diversity of grasses, herbs, trees, birds, mammals and amphibians. The genus of ricegrass known as Oryzopsis was one of the earliest grasses classified within the county.[16] Among the amphibian species found are the Cascades frog and the Rough-skinned Newt, the latter being a common far western USA taxon; in fact, examples of neoteny have been found in individual newts of this species within the county.[17]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Events[edit]

  • The Kittitas County Fair and Ellensburg Rodeo occur every Labor Day Weekend. The Kittitas County Fair began in 1885, and moved to its current location in 1923.[18]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 51.5% 10,100 38.2% 7,489 10.3% 2,026
2012 53.5% 9,782 43.5% 7,949 3.1% 562
2008 52.7% 9,471 44.7% 8,030 2.7% 476
2004 56.2% 9,052 41.8% 6,731 2.1% 331
2000 54.9% 7,727 39.2% 5,516 6.0% 843
1996 41.6% 5,224 45.4% 5,707 13.0% 1,633
1992 32.9% 4,078 43.9% 5,432 23.2% 2,875
1988 48.1% 5,048 50.7% 5,318 1.2% 130
1984 57.1% 6,580 41.9% 4,830 1.1% 121
1980 49.9% 5,359 37.9% 4,075 12.2% 1,314
1976 47.6% 4,765 48.5% 4,858 3.9% 394
1972 54.0% 5,464 42.5% 4,299 3.6% 363
1968 48.3% 4,212 44.9% 3,921 6.8% 596
1964 37.2% 3,200 62.7% 5,383 0.1% 9
1960 51.8% 4,640 48.1% 4,303 0.1% 10
1956 57.7% 5,097 42.2% 3,726 0.1% 7
1952 56.7% 5,201 42.9% 3,937 0.4% 36
1948 41.3% 3,446 55.0% 4,588 3.8% 314
1944 44.5% 3,423 55.0% 4,227 0.5% 36
1940 39.3% 3,401 60.1% 5,203 0.7% 56
1936 26.9% 1,941 69.9% 5,044 3.2% 233
1932 29.4% 1,963 63.8% 4,266 6.8% 455
1928 59.5% 3,207 39.6% 2,136 0.9% 49
1924 47.2% 2,360 9.1% 455 43.7% 2,183
1920 54.5% 2,837 21.5% 1,119 24.0% 1,246
1916 43.7% 2,310 49.4% 2,609 6.9% 362
1912 22.4% 1,157 27.3% 1,407 50.3% 2,592
1908 56.2% 1,752 31.6% 985 12.2% 379
1904 64.9% 1,787 19.0% 523 16.2% 445
1900 52.9% 1,139 43.4% 934 3.8% 81
1896 43.4% 1,044 55.5% 1,336 1.1% 26
1892 37.8% 855 35.4% 800 26.8% 605

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ Illustrated History of Klickitat, Yakima, & Kittitas Counties, with an outline of the early history of the state of Washington. Interstate Publishing Company. 1904. p. 244. 
  3. ^ Cochran, Jennifer (2007). "Kittitas County About the County". Archived from the original on 2010-10-13. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  10. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-06. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-06. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-06. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-06. 
  16. ^ Charles Vancouver Piper (1906) Flora of the State of Washington, Smithsonian Institution, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC
  17. ^ C. Michael Hogan (2008) Rough-skinned Newt ("Taricha granulosa"), GlobalTwitcher, ed. N. Stromberg [1]
  18. ^ http://www.kittitascountyfair.com/history.asp
  19. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Further reading[edit]

  • William Denison Lyman, History of the Yakima Valley, Washington: Comprising Yakima, Kittitas, and Benton Counties. In Two Volumes. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1919. Volume 1 | Volume 2
  • Andrew Caveness, "Images of America: Kittitas County." South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing Co., 2012. [2]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°07′N 120°41′W / 47.12°N 120.68°W / 47.12; -120.68