Ellerslie, New Zealand

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Ellerslie
Bridge of Memories, Ellerslie, Auckland, New Zealand.jpg
Bridge of Memories in Ellerslie
Map Ellerslie, Auckland Urban Area.png
Basic information
Local authority Auckland Council
Date established 1908
Population 8667 (2013)
Facilities
Train station(s) Ellerslie Train Station
Surrounds
North Meadowbank, Orākei,
Northeast Saint Johns, Kohimarama
East Mount Wellington
Southeast Sylvia Park, Southdown
South Penrose
Southwest Oranga
West Greenlane, One Tree Hill
Northwest Remuera
Ellerslie town centre from the east

Ellerslie is a suburb of the city of Auckland, on the North Island of New Zealand. It is a small but dynamic town centre with a strong[quantify] community spirit.[1] Ellerslie lies seven kilometres to the southeast of the city centre, close to State Highway 1, and has a population of 8667.[2] Administratively, Ellerslie forms part of the Orakei Local Board, which also includes the suburbs of Orākei, Mission Bay, Kohimarama, Saint Heliers, Glendowie, Saint Johns, Meadowbank and Remuera. To the west, Ellerslie borders on the One Tree Hill area and Cornwall Park. Largely a residential suburb, the area is arguably best-known as the site of Auckland's main horse-racing venue, Ellerslie Racecourse, as well as the original site of the Ellerslie Flower Show. (From 2008 the Flower Show moved to Christchurch, in the South Island.)

History[edit]

The Development of Ellerslie[edit]

The suburb was named by early local politician and entrepreneur Robert Graham, after his father's home in Elderslie (sic) in Lancashire, England. Graham arrived in Auckland in October 1842 as an assisted immigrant from Scotland.[3]

In 1848 Graham bought two blocks of land where, after his marriage to Sophia Swann in 1852, he built the ‘Ellerslie House’ as a family homestead.[4] Adjacent to this home was a track along which Mrs Graham was in the habit of riding her horse every morning, now a street called Ladies Mile. Many of the local streets bear names of Graham family members.[5]

In 1873 the railway from Auckland was extended to reach Ellerslie. It is likely that Graham developed part of his property as the 'Ellerslie Zoological Gardens' because of this development. The gardens included flower beds, fountains, a bandstand, dance pavilion and a zoo. This made Ellerslie a popular leisure centre for Aucklanders.[3] In 1886 much of the Graham farm was subdivided for housing. Horse races were already being held in Ellerslie since 1857, but in 1886 the Racing Club acquired a permanent site from the Graham family, including the Zoological Gardens.[3] The racecourse had its own railway station for race days, and was a prominent feature of the Ellerslie area up until its heyday in the 1920s and 1930s.[5]

Next to Ellerslie Train Station a small township developed, servicing not only the local residents but also the race day crowds. As the 20th century progressed the surrounding rural land disappeared and Ellerslie became absorbed into suburban Auckland. The building of the Southern Motorway was to both strengthen the strategic location already created by the railway, as well as weaken the local cohesion of the area because of the physical divide the motorway created.[5]

The original local authority was Ellerslie Town District, established in 1908. The Borough of Ellerslie was formally declared on 1 April 1938. In 1989 Ellerslie was amalgamated into Auckland City Council.[4] The area has seen strong population growth in the recent past, growing 32% in the inner Ellerslie area between 1991 and 2001.[5]

Ellerslie is now a desirable suburb with convenient access to the city centre for commuting (via rail and bus links) and ready access to the nearby Southern Motorway for road users. The town centre is pleasant with good services, while retaining a sense of community. Housing in the area is well planned and close to a number of attractive parks, such as Michaels Avenue Reserve and Waiatarua Reserve.

Singing Caves[edit]

Māori gave the name ‘Waiatarua’ to the site which later became the Ellerslie Racecourse. Translated as "two songs" the name refers to a waiata or song that emanated from underground caves.[3] It was believed that this ‘singing’ was created by water and air blowing from a larger cave into a smaller passage, making a vibrating sound. In the 1960s a new grand stand was constructed at the racecourse and the caves were filled with concrete to create a seal. This was not wholly successful, and it is said that the singing could still be heard coming from the caves.

The Town Centre[edit]

The Ellerslie Town Centre is on Main Highway near where it intersects with the Ellerslie-Panmure Highway. The construction in the 1960s of the Southern Motorway cut Ellerslie off nearby Greenlane, resulting in a downturn in trade and many empty shops. However, in the 2000s, Ellerslie recovered with a strong upturn in employment in the nearby business parks on the southern side of the motorway (connected to the area with a pedestrian overbridge). The overbridge was the location of the opening scene of the New Zealand film Once Were Warriors (film).[6] In 2006, the overbridge was transformed with a ‘Bridge of Memories’ mosaic storyboard portraying different landmark buildings, houses (past and present), and images from the local schools.[7] Thanks to the long-term strategy of the local business association, it is now increasingly oriented towards lunchtime shoppers and again has many prosperous smaller businesses.[6]

The Ellerslie Meteorite[edit]

At 9.00 am on 12 June 2004 a meteorite crashed through the roof of the home of the Archer family in Ellerslie.[8] The meteorite landed into the living room of the house, bouncing off the couch and hitting the ceiling. The home owners heard an explosion and saw dust everywhere, but nobody was hurt. This meteorite is officially named the Auckland Meteorite, despite tradition demanding that a meteorite is named after the nearest post office. However, an Ellerslie Meteorite had already fallen in Australia.[9] The rock weighs 1.3 kg and is estimated to be around 4,600 million years old.[10] It is the ninth meteorite found in New Zealand and the first to hit a home.[11] According to Auckland University experts, a meteorite that crashes through a roof is a very rare event.[10] This meteorite received world-wide attention and an American collector offered the Archer family $50,000 for the space rock. The Archers declined this offer, favouring the public display of the rock in New Zealand, so that anyone interested could view it.[9] The meteorite has been since on display in the Auckland Museum, where it can be seen in the Origins Gallery.[9]

The Ellerslie Flower Show[edit]

The Ellerslie International Flower Show was first held in Ellerslie in 1994 at the Ellerslie Racecourse. This is New Zealand’s annual garden show. After 3 years in Ellerslie, it moved to the Auckland Botanic Gardens in Manurewa, Auckland.[12] In 2008 the Flower Show moved again, this time to Hagley Park in Christchurch.[13]

Landmarks and features[edit]

The Ellerslie Race Course[edit]

Spectators at Ellerslie Racecourse, 1908
Ellerslie Racecourse, 1908

The Ellerslie area has been known as the centre for horseracing since New Zealand’s first race meeting was organised there in 1842.[14] The property was first used as farmland by Robert Graham, who was a supporter of racing. He later developed both the Alexandra Park Racecourse and the Ellerslie Racecourse.[14] In 1873 Robert Graham sold both the Alexandra Park racecourse and the Ellerslie racecourse to the Auckland Racing Club.[15] The Auckland Jockey Club bought around 36 hectares (90 acres) in 1872.[16] Today, the club owns around 72 hectares (180 acres) and race meetings are regularly held at the race course, including the New Zealand Derby and the Auckland Cup, the main races at the summer meeting .[16] The racecourse is also home to a golf driving range and a nine-hole pitch and putt. In recent years, associated activities like fashion shows and socialising have become as important as watching the races.[15]

Notable Buildings[edit]

  • Christ Church - This wooden gothic Anglican church was opened in 1883 in Ladies Mile. Its most significant feature is a full set of stained glass windows gifted to the congregation by the English firm of Clayton and Bell.
  • Former Ellerslie Post Office - The post office was designed in 1909 by John Campbell. He modelled the building on the post offices in Mount Eden and Kingsland. The post office operated here until the privatisation of New Zealand Post in the late 1980s.[4]
  • Former Southern Cross Picture Theatre - This cinema was opened in 1925 and represented an exciting change in socialising for the people of Ellerslie. In the 1970s it was converted into squash courts.[4]
  • Former Municipal Offices - The Ellerslie Town District purchased the land on the corner of Ramsgate St and Main Highway in 1926 for the construction of its municipal buildings. The Ellerslie Borough Council was based in these offices until it merged with Auckland City in 1989.[4]
  • Arborfield - This two-story wooden Italianate house on the corner of Ramsgate st. and Main Highway was the residence of Lieut. Col Charles Dawson (18th Royal Irish Regiment), Chairman of the Mount Wellington Road Board and Master of the Pakuranga Hunt.[4]
  • Ellerslie War Memorial Hall Community Centre - This building was constructed in 1989 after fundraising by local groups and is used as a centre for performing arts. The Ellerslie servicemen who were killed or wounded in World War I and World War II are recognised in the Roll of Honour in the foyer of the War Memorial Hall.[4]

Parks and reserves[edit]

The Ellerslie Domain - The Ellerslie Domain is centrally located in Ellerslie and has sport facilities for tennis and rugby. Several sporting associations use the domain for their training, including the Ellerslie Eagles who compete in the Auckland Rugby League.

Michaels Avenue Reserve - The Michaels Avenue Reserve is a huge open green space used for sports and recreation activities. The reserve has an interesting array of plants and wildlife and a wetland is present in its north corner. The reserve has a playground for children and grounds for cricket and soccer.[17] The Ellerslie Recreation Centre is located within the reserve, with a gymnasium which hosts various indoor sports.[18]

Celtic Crescent Reserve - This reserve focuses on children, who can play on the adventure playground. The wider community can enjoy both passive and active recreation.[17]

Sport and recreation[edit]

Ellerslie is home to several sporting clubs, including Ellerslie AFC who compete in the Lotto Sport Italia NRFL Division 1 and the Ellerslie Eagles who compete in Auckland Rugby League competitions.

Education[edit]

The main secondary schools serving the local population are , One Tree Hill College, St Peter’s College, Michael Park School, and Baradene College of the Sacred Heart. However, of these schools only Michael Park School is located within Ellerslie itself.

Libraries[edit]

The residents and rates payers of Ellerslie are entitled to free library membership at all of the library branches of Auckland City Libraries. There is no branch located in Ellerslie, but the nearest public libraries are the Remuera library and the Panmure library. The Ellerslie Toy Library in Leicester Hall is a branch of the Toy Library Federation of New Zealand. The Ellerslie Toy Library relies on membership fees and donations to operate.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ellerslie Town Clean-Up 2013". TableSide. 17 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Quickstats about Ellerslie North". Statistics New Zealand. Census 2013.  Check date values in: |date= (help) Retrieved 2014-03-27.
  3. ^ a b c d Stephanie Jean Chapman, Auckland (N.Z.). City Planning., Boffa Miskell., R. A. Skidmore Urban Design., Matthews & Matthews Architects. & Salmond Reed Architects (2004). Character & Heritage Study Ellerslie. Auckland (N.Z.) Boffa Miskell.  Retrieved 2013-10-05.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Ellerslie Business Association Mainstreet Programme, Auckland(N.Z.), Maungakiekie Community Board (2004). ‘Ellerslie Town Heritage Walk: a Saunter Through Ellerslie’s Past. Ellerslie Business Association Mainstreet Programme. 
  5. ^ a b c d Draft Ellerslie’s Future Framework (Auckland City Council, 2006. Accessed 2008-06-28.)
  6. ^ a b Gregory, Angela (23 June 2008). "Ellerslie: A story of revitalisation". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  7. ^ "Unravelling link to Ellerslie's history". Times Online. 31 May 2006. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  8. ^ Simon Nathan (16 November 2012). "'Meteorites'". Te Ara.  Retrieved 2013-10-01.
  9. ^ a b c The New Zealand Herald (9 July 2004). "'valuable Meteorite Stays Put in NZ'". The New Zealand Herald.  Retrieved 2013-10-01.
  10. ^ a b NZPA (13 June 2004). "'Meteorite Crashes Through Roof of Auckland House'". The New Zealand Herald.  Retrieved 2013-10-01.
  11. ^ Auckland War Memorial Museum (2006). "'Annual Report Auckland War Memorial Museum 2005-2006'". Auckland War Memorial Museum.  Retrieved 2013-10-01.
  12. ^ "' The (Flower) Show Must Go On'". The New Zealand Herald. 20 November 2008.  Retrieved 2013-10-02.
  13. ^ Ben Schrader (9 November 2012). "'City Images'". Te Ara.  Retrieved 2013-10-02.
  14. ^ Margaret McClure (13 July 2012). "'Auckland Places – Central Suburbs: Parnell to One Tree Hill'". Te Ara.  Retrieved 2013-10-02.
  15. ^ a b "'Property Report: So You Want To Live in… Ellerslie'". The New Zealand Herald. 3 June 2013.  Retrieved 2013-10-02.
  16. ^ a b A.H. Mclintock, ed. (23 April 2009) [1966]. "'Formation of Racing Clubs". An Encyclopedia of New Zealand and Te Ara.  Retrieved 2013-10-02.
  17. ^ a b Auckland Council (2013). "'Auckland Parks'". Auckland Council.  Retrieved 2013-10-03.
  18. ^ YMCA (2010). "'Ellerslie Recreation Centre'". YMCA.  Retrieved 2013-10-03.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°53′51″S 174°48′31″E / 36.897581°S 174.808493°E / -36.897581; 174.808493