Elliot

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Elliot
Pronunciation /ˈɛliət/
Gender Masculine
Origin
Word/name Scotland (~1300 AD)
Meaning 'With Strength and Right' or 'Bravely and Truly' or 'Boldly and Rightly'
Other names
Alternative spelling Elliott, Eliott, Eliot, Elliot

Elliot (also spelled Eliot, Elliott,[1] Eliott[2] and Elyot[3]) is a personal name which can serve as either a surname or a given name. Although the given name was historically given to males, females named Elliot have increased from 414 in 2009 to 770 in 2013, in United States.[4][5] The origin of the surname is obscure, perhaps due to much of the genealogy of the Eliott clan being burnt in the destruction of the castle at Stobs in 1712 AD.[6] The clan society usually accepts that the name originated from the town and river Elliot in Angus, Scotland.[7] Some other sources suggest it may be derived from a French form of Elias, which is itself derived from the biblical name "Elijah".[8] Yet other sources claim that the Scottish surnames (Eliott, Elliot) originate from the Ellot Scottish border-clan, from a transformation of the name Elwold.[9] There are also records in the Domesday Book of the name spelled "Ailiet",[10] thought to originate from an old English name "Æþelgeat" (meaning "noble gate") and leading to the English and Scottish given name spelled "Elyat", which in turn leads to the modern alternative spelling of the name "Elyot".

Legend has it that the extra "t" in Eliott arose when a branch of the Eliotts adopted Christianity. Differences in spelling can be distinguished in this rhyme:

The double L and single T / Descent from Minto and Wolflee, / The double T and single L / Mark the old racce in Stobs that dwell. / The single L and single T / The Eliots of St Germans be, / But double T and double L, / Who they are nobody can tell.

Robert Bell in The Book of Scots-Irish Family Names adds: "For double L and double T, / the Scots should look across the sea!" He pointed out that 71 of 76 births of children by that name in Ireland in 1890 spelt it "Elliott." Elliot(t)s emigrated or were sent to Ireland in the early 17th century after the unification of the English and Scottish crowns. The Elliot(t)s were notorious reivers – cattle thieves – in the Scottish-English border area and, as such, a thorn in the side of both governments. Many settled in county Fermanagh.

It is generally agreed that spelling of the surname originated in the early 13th century as "Eliot" as there is reference to "Geoffrey Eliot", Abbot of Hyde, in documents linked to the creation of the Magna Carta.[11]

Among the many famous people with this name are the authors T. S. Eliot and George Eliot (pseudonym of Mary Ann Evans). Jane Austen's last completed novel Persuasion includes characters belonging to the Elliot family of Kellynch Hall; Sir Walter Elliot, Bart., and his daughters Anne and Elizabeth.

In England the surname, Elliott is well represented in Northumberland, County Durham, Derbyshire, Lancashire and Yorkshire, in Scotland, the surname is well represented in Lanarkshire, Angus, Roxburghshire, Dumfriesshire, and other border counties, and in the United States the surname is well represented in Ohio, North Carolina, Michigan, Virginia, Kentucky, South Carolina, Alabama, New Hampshire and Delaware.


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References[edit]

  1. ^ "History". elliotclan.com. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  2. ^ "The Elliot Name – Elliot Clan Society". elliotclan.com. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Sir Thomas Elyot". carlton-cambridgeshire.org.uk. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  4. ^ "Elliot – Boy Name or Girl Name?". nancy.cc. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  5. ^ http://www.ssa.gov/oact/babynames/limits.html Note, this sums the six spellings of the name given in the "nancy" reference.
  6. ^ Dee Elliott-Wakefield. "Clan Elliot Society, USA – (A Brief History of the Elliot Clan)". elliotclanusa.com. Archived from the original on 11 March 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  7. ^ http://www.elliotclan.com/name.html
  8. ^ Mike Campbell. "Behind the Name: Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Elliot". Behind the Name. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  9. ^ Elliot Clan Society – Elliot History
  10. ^ "Surname Database: Ilett Last Name Origin". The Internet Surname Database. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  11. ^ "EAWC Anthology: The Magna Carta". evansville.edu. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  12. ^ "E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial". IMDB. Retrieved 1 March 2015. 
  13. ^ "Pete's Dragon". IMDB. Retrieved 12 April 2016.