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Ellipi was an ancient kingdom located on the western side of the Zagros (modern Iran), between Babylonia at the west, Media at the north east, Mannae at the north and Elam at the south. The inhabitants of Ellipi were close relatives of the Elamites.

The period of major development in Ellipi was from the 9th to 7th centuries BC, as is reflected in archaeological research. The prosperity of the country came from the control of trade routes. They were also cattle dealers.

During the 8th and 7th centuries BC it was ruled by an Iranicized dynasty. Dalta, or Talta, king of Ellipi, paid tribute to King Sargon II of Assyria since 714 BC. When Dalta died, his sons Nibe, supported by Elam, and Ishparaba, supported by Sargon II, started a civil war with Ishparaba winning and becoming king of Ellipi.

Afterwards, Ellipi was implicated in being involved in the rebellions of Marduk-apal-iddina II and was strongly punished in 702 BC by king Sennacherib of Assyria, who took Marubishti, the capital city. During the 7th century BC, Ellipi suffered Cimmerian invasions, and then disappeared from sources.