Ellis County, Texas

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Ellis County
The Ellis County Courthouse in Waxahachie
The Ellis County Courthouse in Waxahachie
Map of Texas highlighting Ellis County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°21′N 96°47′W / 32.35°N 96.79°W / 32.35; -96.79
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1850
Named forRichard Ellis
SeatWaxahachie
Largest cityWaxahachie
Area
 • Total952 sq mi (2,470 km2)
 • Land936 sq mi (2,420 km2)
 • Water16 sq mi (40 km2)  1.7%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total192,455 Increase
 • Density200/sq mi (80/km2)
Demonym(s)Ellisite
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district6th
Websitewww.co.ellis.tx.us
Across from the courthouse is the Ellis County Museum.

Ellis County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of 2020, its population was estimated to be 192,455.[1] The county seat is Waxahachie.[2] The county was founded in 1849 and organized the next year.[3] It is named for Richard Ellis,[4] president of the convention that produced the Texas Declaration of Independence. Ellis County is included in the DallasFort WorthArlington metropolitan statistical area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 952 square miles (2,470 km2), of which 935 square miles (2,420 km2) are land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (1.7%) are covered by water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Communities[edit]

Bardwell Dam and Lake in Ellis County near the town of Ennis
Ellis County Courts building

Cities (multiple counties)[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850989
18605,246430.4%
18707,51443.2%
188021,294183.4%
189031,77449.2%
190050,05957.5%
191053,6297.1%
192055,7003.9%
193053,936−3.2%
194047,733−11.5%
195045,645−4.4%
196043,395−4.9%
197046,6387.5%
198059,74328.1%
199085,16742.6%
2000111,36030.8%
2010149,61034.3%
2020192,45528.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1850–2010[7] 2020[8]

2020 census[edit]

Ellis County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[9] Pop 2020[8] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 97,987 106,495 65.49% 55.34%
Black or African American alone (NH) 13,161 23,738 8.80% 12.33%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 565 710 0.38% 0.37%
Asian alone (NH) 811 1,525 0.65% 0.79%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 87 202 0.06% 0.10%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 155 790 0.10% 0.41%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 1,683 6,963 1.12% 3.62%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 35,161 52,032 23.50% 27.04%
Total 149,610 192,455 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, 111,360 people, 37,020 households, and 29,653 families resided in the county. The population density was 118 people per square mile (46/km2). The 39,071 housing units averaged 42 per square mile (16/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 80.63% White, 8.64% African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 7.92% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. About 18.42% of the population was Hispanic or Latinos of any race.

Of the 37,020 households, 42.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.80% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.90% were not families. About 16.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.31.

A Williams Institute analysis of 2010 census data found about 3.2 same-sex couples per 1,000 households were in the county.[11]

In the county, the age distribution was 30.20% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 9.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,350, and for a family was $55,358. Males had a median income of $37,613 versus $26,612 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,212. About 6.80% of families and 8.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.10% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Ellis is a staunchly Republican county in presidential elections. The last Democratic presidential candidate to carry the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976, and since 2000, Republican presidential candidates have won with more than 66% of the vote.

United States presidential election results for Ellis County, Texas[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 56,717 66.34% 27,565 32.24% 1,211 1.42%
2016 44,941 70.10% 16,253 25.35% 2,916 4.55%
2012 39,574 72.94% 13,881 25.59% 799 1.47%
2008 38,078 70.71% 15,333 28.47% 442 0.82%
2004 34,602 74.50% 11,640 25.06% 202 0.43%
2000 26,091 69.94% 10,629 28.49% 587 1.57%
1996 16,046 53.91% 10,832 36.39% 2,888 9.70%
1992 13,564 40.50% 9,537 28.47% 10,394 31.03%
1988 16,422 59.18% 11,169 40.25% 158 0.57%
1984 16,873 67.56% 8,029 32.15% 72 0.29%
1980 10,046 51.31% 9,219 47.08% 315 1.61%
1976 6,996 41.02% 9,991 58.58% 68 0.40%
1972 8,779 69.53% 3,839 30.41% 8 0.06%
1968 3,794 31.44% 5,431 45.01% 2,842 23.55%
1964 2,779 27.62% 7,278 72.33% 5 0.05%
1960 3,666 38.42% 5,841 61.21% 36 0.38%
1956 3,585 40.65% 5,211 59.08% 24 0.27%
1952 4,183 39.91% 6,275 59.86% 24 0.23%
1948 1,055 13.76% 5,792 75.56% 818 10.67%
1944 666 8.02% 7,065 85.08% 573 6.90%
1940 692 8.07% 7,881 91.87% 5 0.06%
1936 319 5.34% 5,644 94.46% 12 0.20%
1932 527 6.93% 7,033 92.49% 44 0.58%
1928 3,569 44.72% 4,399 55.12% 13 0.16%
1924 1,220 13.50% 7,678 84.93% 142 1.57%
1920 819 13.98% 4,081 69.68% 957 16.34%
1916 324 6.32% 4,718 92.02% 85 1.66%
1912 293 7.42% 3,483 88.24% 171 4.33%


Law enforcement[edit]

The Ellis County Sheriff's Office provides law enforcement services to the county. The current sheriff is Brad Norman. The agency also operates the Ellis County Jail in Waxahachie.[13]

Media[edit]

Ellis County is part of the Dallas/Fort Worth television media market in North Texas. Stations in the market are KDFW-TV, KXAS-TV, WFAA-TV, KTVT-TV, KERA-TV, KTXA-TV, KDFI-TV, KDAF-TV, KFWD-TV, and KDTX-TV.

The county is home to one local radio station KBEC 1390 AM and 99.1 FM. The station has been in continuous operation since 1955 and is the oldest Family owned radio station in Texas. A weekly newspaper, the Ellis County Press, is based in Ferris and published Thursdays. The Waxahachie Daily Light and Waxahachie Sun are published biweekly; other weekly newspapers are The Ennis News and Midlothian Mirror.

Education[edit]

School districts include:[14]

It is in the service area of Navarro College.[15]

Notable people[edit]

  • Clyde Barrow of Bonnie and Clyde
  • J. D. Grey, clergyman, pastor of Tabernacle Baptist Church in Ennis, 1931–1934; later president of the Southern Baptist Convention
  • Ernest Tubb, country singer and songwriter
  • Donnie Fleeman professional light-heavyweight boxer, only Ellis County native to fight 3 world champion heavyweights; Sonny Liston, Ezzard Charles, and Muhammad Ali (formerly Cassius Clay). 47 national/international fights in his professional career. 37 wins, 22 KOs. Won State Heavyweight Title (Golden Gloves) in 1953 - contender for National Heavyweight Title, but lost to Sonny Liston. Cassius Clay (Muhammad Ali) was Fleeman's last professional fight, and took place in Miami, FL in 1961. This was Clay's 5th professional fight. [1]
  • Lecil Travis Martin, known more commonly as Boxcar Willie, country singer and songwriter

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ellis County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Archived from the original on April 12, 2017. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 117.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  7. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
  8. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Ellis County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  9. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Ellis County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  11. ^ Leonhardt, David; Quealy, Kevin (June 26, 2015), "Where Same-Sex Couples Live", The New York Times, retrieved July 6, 2015
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  13. ^ "Home". www.elliscountysheriff.com. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
  14. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Ellis County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2022. - Text list
  15. ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.189. NAVARRO COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°21′N 96°47′W / 32.35°N 96.79°W / 32.35; -96.79