Ellis Loring Dresel

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Ellis Loring Dresel, circa 1920.

Ellis Loring Dresel (November 28, 1865 – September 19, 1925) was an American lawyer and diplomat. During World War I, from 1915 to 1917, Dresel was attaché to the U.S. embassy in Berlin.

The son of German pianist and composer Otto Dresel and Anna Loring,[1][2] Ellis Dresel was born in Boston on November 28, 1865. He had one sibling, a sister Louisa (1864–195-).[2] His maternal grandfather, Ellis Gray Loring, was an abolitionist and one of the founders of the New England Anti-Slavery Society.[2] He graduated from Harvard College in 1887 and from Harvard Law School in 1892. He was fluent in French and German. He practiced law with the firm of Goodwin, Dresel and Parker in Boston and lived there on Beacon Street for most of his life.[3] He also served as a director of Corbin Copper and Silver Mining Company.[4] He belonged to several private clubs and, with his sister as hostess, gave a cotillion at Christmas 1906 at the New Algonquin Club.[5]

He was in Europe when World War I broke out in 1915 and he volunteered his services to the U.S. embassy in Berlin, first helping Americans stranded in Germany.[6][7] After being forced to leave Berlin when the United States entered the war, he handled the affairs of the U.S. embassy in Vienna until the United States and the Austro-Hungarian Empire broke off diplomatic relations. He was responsible for relations between the German government and British prisoners of war from 1917 to 1918. During that time, in Berne, Dresel also worked with the American Red Cross, the American Legation, and its War Trade Board.

Dresel led the political information section of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. From 1919 to 1921, he was the United States commissioner to Germany where he promoted the public presence of the United States with annual Fourth of July celebrations.[8] He signed the treaty that concluded hostilities between the United States and Germany and restored their diplomatic relations on November 11, 1921.[9][10]

Dresel was the first American diplomatic observer to visit Germany after World War I.[11]

In 1921, his title was changed to chargé d'affaires. The following year, though President Warren G. Harding was prepared to name him ambassador to Germany, he left government service and returned to the United States.[6] Harvard awarded him an honorary degree of Master of Arts in 1922 in recognition of his diplomatic service.[3][12]

Dresel suffered from heart problems even while in the diplomatic service.[13] He died of cancer on September 19, 1925, in Pride's Crossing, Massachusetts. He was buried with his parents in Beverly Central Cemetery in Beverly, Massachusetts.[14] He never married. He belonged to the Episcopal Church.[3] Years later, a group of Harvard graduates established a fund in his honor.[15]

Dresel's papers are preserved in the Houghton Library, including correspondence with William Richards Castle, Joseph Clark Grew, Hugh S. Gibson, Henry Cabot Lodge, and Allen Welsh Dulles.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crawford, Mary Caroline (1930). Famous Families of Massachusetts. Massachusetts: Little, Brown and Company. p. 275. 
  2. ^ a b c "Loring, Ellis Gray, 1803-1858. Papers, 1809-1942". Harvard University Library. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c "Ellis L. Dresel, Diplomat, Dead". Boston Globe. September 21, 1925. 
  4. ^ "Appointed to Berlin Post". New York Times. November 1, 1919. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Gave a Christmas Cotillion". Boston Evening Transcript. December 22, 1906. Retrieved August 15, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Dresel is Favored for Berlin Embassy". New York Times. September 3, 1921. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Ellis L. Dresel, Diplomatist, Dead". New York Times. September 21, 1925. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Americans in Berlin Celebrate the Day". New York Times. July 5, 1921. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Germany Will Sign Peace Treaty Today with United States". New York Times. August 24, 1921. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  10. ^ "German Treaty Goes into Effect". New York Times. November 12, 1921. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  11. ^ Jonas, Manfred (1985). The United States and Germany: A Diplomatic History. Cornell University Press. pp. 141, 144, 149. ISBN 0-8014-9890-2. 
  12. ^ "1,401 Harvard Men Win their Degrees". New York Times. June 23, 1922. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  13. ^ Russell, Charles H. (September 26, 1925). "Ellis Loring Dresel". New York Times. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  14. ^ Ellis Loring Dresel at Find a Grave
  15. ^ "Fund Will Honor Dresel". New York Times. April 27, 1929. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  16. ^ Dresel, Ellis Loring,1865-1925. Papers: Guide. Houghton Library, Harvard University Library.

External links[edit]

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
James W. Gerard
United States Ambassador to Germany
1921-1922
Succeeded by
Alanson B. Houghton