Ellison Myers Brown Sr (September 22, 1914 – August 23, 1975), widely known as Tarzan Brown, and Deerfoot amongst his people, was a two-time winner of the Boston Marathon in 1936 (2:33:40) and 1939 (2:28:51). A member and direct descendant of the royal family of the Narragansett Indian tribe of Rhode Island, he also participated in the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. He was scheduled to participate in the 1940 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, but these were canceled due to the outbreak of World War II. Tarzan Brown is still one of only two Native Americans to have won the Boston Marathon (the other was Thomas Longboat of the Onondaga Nation in 1907) and the only Native American to have more than one victory in Boston. He was inducted into the American Indian Athletic Hall of Fame in 1973.
Tarzan Brown won the Boston Marathon in 1936 and 1939. He took off so fast in the 1936 Boston marathon that the press followed the second runner, John A. Kelley, until the 20 mile mark where Kelley caught up to Tarzan. As Kelley overtook Tarzan—an amazing feat given the steady record breaking pace Tarzan had set—Kelley patted Tarzan on the back. What followed was a struggle between Tarzan, who took the lead on the downhills, and Kelley, who took the lead on the uphills, until finally Tarzan took the lead again to win the race. This struggle inspired reporter Jerry Nason to name the last Newton hill Heartbreak Hill because Tarzan "broke Kelley's heart."
In 1939, Brown was the first runner to break the 2:30 mark on the Boston Course. After the 17-mile mark in this race he also broke every checkpoint record. In 1939 Brown entered two different 26-mile races within 24 hours of one another, and he won both races.
Tarzan was also renowned for his antics during the Boston Marathon. In one of his earliest appearances as a runner in the Boston Marathon in 1935, he arrived in an outfit sewn together from one of his mother's old dresses by his sisters and he had sneakers that were falling apart and this was just 2 days after his mother had died. Approximately 21 miles into the race, Tarzan removed his sneakers and threw them into the crowd and ran the rest of the race barefoot (a total of 5 miles barefoot) and finished 13th. Then in the 1938 running of the Boston Marathon, Tarzan was leading on what was an unseasonably warm day when midway through the race, he ran off the road, waved to the crowd and jumped into Lake Cochituate to swim and cool off. After a while, Tarzan returned and ran the rest of the course, though other runners had already long since passed by. Most notably, fellow Rhode Islander Les Pawson (of Pawtucket) won that year. Pawson was one of Tarzan's top rivals. Tarzan was also seen arriving just minutes before the start of the 1939 Boston Marathon eating hot dogs and drinking milkshakes just before the race and claimed that he had missed breakfast.
Tarzan was born and raised by Byron and Grace (Babcock) Brown in poverty on and around the Narragansett Indian reservation in Charlestown, Rhode Island and close by Westerly, Rhode Island with his brothers Franklin, Clifford and Elwin and his sisters Myra, Alice aka "Nina" and Grace. In addition to running, he worked as a stonemason and a shellfisherman. He married a fellow Narragansett Indian named Ethel (Wilcox) Brown and had four children. He was killed in 1975 when a van hit him outside a bar in Westerly, Rhode Island.
- "The economy in these depression times provided little for most Americans and nothing for Indians. They were a conquered people living on the margin... Ellison Myers Brown, born on the margin, saw running as his only way out of poverty." – Tom Derderian
- "Tarzan ran against people, not against numbers. He probably could have broke other records, but I never pushed him. When you're in a race you don't go out for records, you go out to win." – Tippy Salimeno
- List of winners of the Boston Marathon
- Narragansett people
- Les Pawson
- Thomas Longboat
- Native Americans in the United States
- Wilson, David Gary. "Legend of Tarzan Brown: A Native American Hero". Retrieved 2007-03-18.
- "Ellison Myers 'Tarzan' Brown aka Deerfoot". Notable Rhode Islanders publisher = Quahog.org. Retrieved 2007-03-18.
- Ward, Michael (2006-06-05). Ellison "Tarzan" Brown: The Narragansett Indian Who Twice Won the Boston Marathon. McFarland & Company. ISBN 0-7864-2416-8.
- Tarzan Brown Bio, Stats, and Results | Olympics at Sports-Reference.com
- According to official data from the Boston Athletic Association, many runners prior to 1926 finished the Boston Marathon in times under 2:30 (see List of winners of the Boston Marathon). Those runners competed on courses known to be shorter than the IAAF defined marathon distance of 42.195 kilometers. Some road racing authorities consider Brown's 1939 performance to also be on a short course. (See the Association of Road Racing Statistician's web page regarding the Boston Marathon.)
- "Ellison Myers 'Tarzan' Brown". Native American Sport Council. Archived from the original on 2006-10-03. Retrieved 2007-03-18.
- Derderian, Tom (February 1996). The Boston Marathon: The History of the World's Premier Running Event. Human Kinetics Publishers. ISBN 0-88011-479-7.
- Rodriguez, Bill (1981-04-19). "The Best Racer of All". Providence Journal-Bulletin. Retrieved 2007-03-18.[dead link]
- "Running Today: Olympians: Ellison Myers 'Tarzan' Brown profile at Against the Winds: Traditions of Native American Running at Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University.