Ellough

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Ellough
Ellough - Church of All Saints.jpg
All Saints Church, Ellough
Ellough is located in Suffolk
Ellough
Ellough
Ellough shown within Suffolk
Population40 (2005 estimate)
OS grid referenceTM443871
Civil parish
  • Ellough
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBeccles
Postcode districtNR34 7
Dialling code01502
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk
52°25′30″N 1°35′49″E / 52.425°N 1.597°E / 52.425; 1.597Coordinates: 52°25′30″N 1°35′49″E / 52.425°N 1.597°E / 52.425; 1.597

Ellough is a village and civil parish in the Waveney district, in the English county of Suffolk, located approximately 3 miles (5 km) south-east of Beccles. The area is sparsely populated with a mid-2005 population estimate of 40.[1] Neighbouring villages include North Cove, Weston, Sotterley and Henstead. The parish council operates to administer jointly the parishes of Shadingfield, Willingham St Mary, Sotterley and Ellough.[2]

The village was the site of a Second World War airfield built in 1943 and operated today as Beccles Airport. Part of the former airfield is used as a kart racetrack and as an industrial estate, including the main production site of local printing firm William Clowes Ltd. The village itself is dispersed and has few services.

History[edit]

At the time of the Domesday survey, Ellough, known then as Elga, was a small settlement of 4 or 5 households.[3][4] It formed part of the lands of Roger Bigot and was held by Robert of Vaux, having been confiscated from Ralph Guader, former Earl of Norfolk, following a failed rebellion.[4][5] It is recorded as El'gh prior to 1400 and as Ellowe on a map of 1610.[5][6]

The manor passed through a number of owners, including the Playters of Sotterley, before being owned by the Earl of Gosford in the 1840s.[5][7] The church held some of the glebe land of St Mary's church in Willingham.[5] The population of the parish was 155 in 1848,[7] falling to 125 in 1871, at which time the parish was worth £1,687 and consisted of 1,097 acres of land.[8] The population declined dramatically following the second world war and now stands at less than 50.[9][10]

All Saints Church[edit]

Ellough church is dedicated to All Saints and stands in an exposed position on a ridge overlooking the parish.[8][11] It is medieval in origin, was heavily restored in the late 19th century, and is now a Grade I listed building.[12] It stands to the south of the valley of the Hundred River which has its mouth at Kessingland.

RAF Beccles[edit]

Ellough Airfield was completed in 1943 and served as a RAF Bomber Command and RAF Coastal Command airfield during the Second World War as RAF Beccles.[13] The airfield was decommissioned after the war and the land is now used as an industrial estate, a farmers market[14] and for Ellough Park Raceway, a kart racing circuit. William Clowes Ltd. printers moved to the industrial park in 2004[15] and the park has the UK's largest solar roof installation sited on the roof of a Promens warehouse and with a generating capacity of 1.65MW.[16] For a time a heliport operated to service oil and gas rigs in the North Sea.[13]

A basic airstrip, known as Beccles Airport, remains at the site, used as a training base and private airfield.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Estimates of Total Population of Areas in Suffolk Archived 19 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine., Suffolk County Council, 2007-05-01. Retrieved 2009-04-19
  2. ^ Shadingfield, Sotterley, Willingham and Ellough Parish Council Website Archived 20 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine., 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
  3. ^ Ellough, Domesday Map. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
  4. ^ a b Ellough, Domesday Book online. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
  5. ^ a b c d Suckling. A. (1846) 'Ellough, or Willingham All Saints', The History and Antiquities of the County of Suffolk: volume 1, pp. 53–57 (available online). Retrieved 2011-06-25.
  6. ^ Ellough, The Suffolk Real Ale Guide, Suffolk CAMRA. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
  7. ^ a b Lewis.S (ed) (1848) 'Ellough, or Willingham (All Saints)', A Topographical Dictionary of England, pp. 158–161 (available online). Retrieved 2011-06-25.
  8. ^ a b Wilson.J.M (1872) 'Ellough', Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, quoted at Ellough, Suffolk, Vision of Britain. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
  9. ^ Ellough AP/CP: Historical statistics – population, Vision of Britain. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
  10. ^ A profile of Waveney[permanent dead link], Waveney District Council, February 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
  11. ^ The Suffolk Churches site. Retrieved 2009-04-19
  12. ^ Church of All Saints, Ellough, British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
  13. ^ a b Shaw.F History of Beccles (Ellough) Airfield Archived 29 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Rainair website. Retrieved 2009-04-19
  14. ^ Beccles Farmers Market. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
  15. ^ Staff call for safe route to work, BBC news website, 2008-02-28. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
  16. ^ The UK’s largest solar roof installation launched at Promens in Beccles, Eastern Daily Press, 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2011-07-20.
  17. ^ Rainair website. Retrieved 2009-04-19

External links[edit]

Media related to Ellough at Wikimedia Commons