Ellsworth County, Kansas

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Ellsworth County, Kansas
Ellsworth County Court House, Ellsworth, Kansas.jpg
Ellsworth County Courthouse in Ellsworth
Map of Kansas highlighting Ellsworth County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for Fort Ellsworth
Seat Ellsworth
Largest city Ellsworth
Area
 • Total 723.44 sq mi (1,874 km2)
 • Land 715.91 sq mi (1,854 km2)
 • Water 7.54 sq mi (20 km2), 1.04%
Population
 • (2010) 6,497
 • Density 8.8/sq mi (3.4/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website ellsworthcounty.org

Coordinates: 38°42′N 98°12′W / 38.700°N 98.200°W / 38.700; -98.200

Ellsworth County (county code EW) is a county located in Central Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 6,497.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Ellsworth.[2]

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

1915-1918 Railroad Map of Ellsworth County

For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state.

Ellsworth County was established February 26, 1867. The county was named after the old Fort Ellsworth, which was named in honor of 2nd Lieutenant Allen Ellsworth[3] of the 7th Iowa Cavalry (Company H), who supervised construction of the fort in 1864. On November 17, 1866, the fort was renamed Fort Harker in honor of General Charles Garrison Harker who had died on June 27, 1864, from wounds received in an abortive offensive action in the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain. The fort was subsequently moved to a new site about one mile to the northeast, and the old fort's remaining buildings were ordered torn down in June 1867.[citation needed]

Law and government[edit]

Ellsworth County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 723.44 square miles (1,873.7 km2), of which 715.91 square miles (1,854.2 km2) (or 98.96%) is land and 7.54 square miles (19.5 km2) (or 1.04%) is water.[5] It is intersected by the Smoky Hill River.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,185
1880 8,494 616.8%
1890 9,272 9.2%
1900 9,626 3.8%
1910 10,444 8.5%
1920 10,379 −0.6%
1930 10,132 −2.4%
1940 9,855 −2.7%
1950 8,465 −14.1%
1960 7,677 −9.3%
1970 6,146 −19.9%
1980 6,640 8.0%
1990 6,586 −0.8%
2000 6,525 −0.9%
2010 6,497 −0.4%
Est. 2012 6,494 [7] 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 estimate

Ellsworth County's population was estimated to be 6,332 in the year 2006, a decrease of 199, or -3.0%, over the previous six years.[9]

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[10] there were 6,525 people, 2,481 households, and 1,639 families residing in the county. The population density was 9 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 3,228 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.67% White, 3.56% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.59% of the population.

There were 2,481 households out of which 27.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.20% were married couples living together, 6.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.90% were non-families. 31.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county the population was spread out with 21.40% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 20.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 111.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,772, and the median income for a family was $44,360. Males had a median income of $30,110 versus $20,486 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,569. About 4.00% of families and 7.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.50% of those under age 18 and 11.10% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Incorporated cities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Ellsworth County (map legend)

Name and population (2004 estimate):

Unincorporated places[edit]

  • Arcola
  • Black Wolf
  • Carnelro
  • Langley
  • Terra Cotta
  • Venango
  • Yankee Run

Townships[edit]

Ellsworth County is divided into nineteen townships. The city of Ellsworth is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Ash Creek 02575 58 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.51% 38°39′17″N 98°12′47″W / 38.65472°N 98.21306°W / 38.65472; -98.21306
Black Wolf 07025 87 1 (2) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.10% 38°44′40″N 98°19′33″W / 38.74444°N 98.32583°W / 38.74444; -98.32583
Carneiro 10800 57 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.36% 38°45′2″N 97°59′46″W / 38.75056°N 97.99611°W / 38.75056; -97.99611
Clear Creek 13725 91 1 (3) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.17% 38°44′10″N 98°6′16″W / 38.73611°N 98.10444°W / 38.73611; -98.10444
Columbia 15025 60 1 (2) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.04% 38°50′5″N 98°18′50″W / 38.83472°N 98.31389°W / 38.83472; -98.31389
Ellsworth 20525 797 9 (23) 88 (34) 0 (0) 0.23% 38°43′6″N 98°10′58″W / 38.71833°N 98.18278°W / 38.71833; -98.18278
Empire 21150 174 1 (3) 171 (66) 14 (6) 7.79% 38°39′6″N 98°1′7″W / 38.65167°N 98.01861°W / 38.65167; -98.01861
Garfield 25575 27 0 (1) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.30% 38°50′9″N 98°6′42″W / 38.83583°N 98.11167°W / 38.83583; -98.11167
Green Garden 28600 Lorraine 211 2 (6) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.22% 38°33′30″N 98°19′19″W / 38.55833°N 98.32194°W / 38.55833; -98.32194
Langley 38600 76 1 (2) 92 (35) 2 (1) 1.86% 38°35′33″N 97°58′15″W / 38.59250°N 97.97083°W / 38.59250; -97.97083
Lincoln 40675 62 1 (2) 95 (37) 0 (0) 0.22% 38°39′8″N 98°18′0″W / 38.65222°N 98.30000°W / 38.65222; -98.30000
Mulberry 49050 44 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.24% 38°50′5″N 97°58′28″W / 38.83472°N 97.97444°W / 38.83472; -97.97444
Noble 50825 90 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.04% 38°44′51″N 98°25′33″W / 38.74750°N 98.42583°W / 38.74750; -98.42583
Palacky 54100 63 1 (2) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.08% 38°38′51″N 98°25′56″W / 38.64750°N 98.43222°W / 38.64750; -98.43222
Sherman 64950 65 1 (2) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.22% 38°49′21″N 98°13′7″W / 38.82250°N 98.21861°W / 38.82250; -98.21861
Thomas 70450 72 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.21% 38°33′56″N 98°11′33″W / 38.56556°N 98.19250°W / 38.56556; -98.19250
Trivoli 71525 55 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.38% 38°35′7″N 98°4′23″W / 38.58528°N 98.07306°W / 38.58528; -98.07306
Valley 72800 Holyrood 577 6 (16) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.14% 38°34′22″N 98°24′56″W / 38.57278°N 98.41556°W / 38.57278; -98.41556
Wilson 79700 Wilson 894 10 (25) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 38°49′34″N 98°27′23″W / 38.82611°N 98.45639°W / 38.82611; -98.45639
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

See also[edit]

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 118. 
  4. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  5. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  6. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Ellsworth, a central county of Kansas". The American Cyclopædia. 1879. 
  7. ^ U.S. County 2012 Estimated Census; census.gov
  8. ^ U.S. Decennial Census; census.gov
  9. ^ "Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division.  Annual estimates of the population to 2006-07-01. Released 2007-03-22. Six year change is from 2000-07-01 to 2006-07-01.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Official sites
Additional information
Maps