Elm Springs, Arkansas

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Elm Springs, Arkansas
Official seal of Elm Springs, Arkansas
Seal
Location of Elm Springs in Benton County and Washington County, Arkansas
Location of Elm Springs in Benton County and Washington County, Arkansas
Coordinates: 36°12′27″N 94°13′17″W / 36.20750°N 94.22139°W / 36.20750; -94.22139Coordinates: 36°12′27″N 94°13′17″W / 36.20750°N 94.22139°W / 36.20750; -94.22139
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountiesWashington, Benton
Founded1832
IncorporatedMay 23, 1917
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • MayorHarold Douthit
 • Chief of PoliceJason Hiatt
Area
 • Total5.78 sq mi (14.97 km2)
 • Land5.74 sq mi (14.88 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.09 km2)
Elevation
1,184 ft (361 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total1,535
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
2,472
 • Density430.36/sq mi (166.16/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
72728
Area code(s)479
FIPS code05-21430
GNIS feature ID0076873
Websitewww.elmsprings.net

Elm Springs is a city in Benton and Washington Counties, Arkansas, United States. The community is located between the Boston Mountains and the Springfield Plateau within the Ozark Mountains. Initially a community surrounding a spring-fed mill, the community flourished even after the mill's destruction during the Civil War.[3]

Located immediately west of Springdale in the Northwest Arkansas metropolitan statistical area, Elm Springs has been gaining population in recent years, including a 47% increase in population between the 2000 and 2010 censi.[4]

History[edit]

The first permanent settlement at Elm Springs was made in the 1840s.[5] The town took its name from a large spring near the original town site.[5]

Civil War[edit]

Elm Springs served as a gathering point for newly recruited confederate soldiers in 1861 prior to the Battle of Pea Ridge. By 1862, Elm Spring was a mustering site for confederate units from Arkansas and Missouri. Two minor skirmishes were fought in Elm Springs on April 26, and July 30, 1863.[6]

Geography[edit]

Elm Springs is located at 36°12′27″N 94°13′17″W / 36.20750°N 94.22139°W / 36.20750; -94.22139 (36.207590, -94.221515).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.79 sq mi (15.0 km2).

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930182
1940156−14.3%
195021739.1%
19602389.7%
19702609.2%
1980781200.4%
199089314.3%
20001,04416.9%
20101,53547.0%
2019 (est.)2,472[2]61.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[9] of 2010, 1,535 people, 527 households, and 439 families were residing in the city. The population density was 276.9 people per square mile (106.9/km2). The 577 housing units averaged 108.7/sq mi (42.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.4% White, 1.2% African American, 1.4% Native American, 2.9% Asian, .2% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. About 8.5% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.

Of the 527 households, 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.9% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.7% were not families. About 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91, and the average family size was 3.21.

In the city, the age distribution was 26.7% under 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 or older. The median age was 39.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.3 males.

In 2000, The median income for a household in the city was $40,703, and for a family was $45,536. Males had a median income of $30,550 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,551. About 8.6% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.

Major highways[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

  • Lake Elmdale, a popular fishing and bird-watching location, was built and is maintained by the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission.
  • Steele-Stevens Heritage Park is located around the city's namesake spring.[10][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "Elm Springs (Washington and Benton Counties) - Encyclopedia of Arkansas". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  4. ^ Teske, Steven (January 17, 2013). "Elm Springs (Washington and Benton Counties)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. Butler Center for Arkansas Studies at the Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  5. ^ a b History of Benton, Washington, Carroll, Madison, Crawford, Franklin, and Sebastian Counties, Arkansas. Higginson Book Company. 1889. p. 262.
  6. ^ "Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Marker Program". arkansascivilwar150.com/historical-markers/elm-springs-in-the-civil-war. Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ "Steele-Stevens Heritage Park". NWA Land Trust. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
  11. ^ "Elm Springs announces heritage park". Arkansas Online. 2016-01-02. Retrieved 2019-11-07.

External links[edit]