Elma, Manitoba

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Elma
Holy Ghost Ukrainian Catholic Church in Elma.
Holy Ghost Ukrainian Catholic Church in Elma.
Elma is located in Manitoba
Elma
Elma
Location of Elma in Manitoba
Coordinates: 49°52′30″N 95°54′29″W / 49.87500°N 95.90806°W / 49.87500; -95.90806Coordinates: 49°52′30″N 95°54′29″W / 49.87500°N 95.90806°W / 49.87500; -95.90806
CountryCanada
ProvinceManitoba
RegionEastman
Rural MunicipalityWhitemouth
Government
 • MP (Provencher)Ted Falk (CPC)
 • MLA
(La Verendrye)
Dennis Smook (PC)
Area
 • Total25.59 km2 (9.88 sq mi)
Elevation
282 m (926 ft)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s)204

Elma, Manitoba is a community of approximately 100 people in southeast Manitoba. It is located on the Whitemouth River, at the junction of Highway 15 and Highway 11 in the Rural Municipality of Whitemouth.

History[edit]

The area settlement was known as Janow, after the name of its post office.[1] This was a name settled on between the store owner, John Giliewich, and the post office inspector.[1] The preferred name Yaroriw was turned down as the inspector thought there might be difficulty with name. After the railway was built the name changed to Elma.[1]

Its name is said to have originated from a man named Thomas Koivu and his wife Maria, who worked for the CPR and had a baby who was named Elma (1905). And so, Elma became the name that the town all decided on, [1] though it is more likely the name was given when the National Transcontinental Railway (a predecessor of the Canadian National Railway) was built through the area in 1905. It was common for small railroad towns to be named by the railroad engineers or other planners. Elma Station was demolished in the late 1960s and a small rail station (hut) was used frequently by people going to isolated cabins in the eastern Whiteshell and North Western Manitoba. The station hut was removed in 2014 by Canadian Railways.

Its population is approximately 90 full-time residents. This grows during the summer as many people have small cabins for summer use. The Community Club is active and opens for private and community functions and rentals. Elma is central to a large recreational area. Agassiz Forest, Sandilands, Lakes of the Whiteshell, Snowmobile trails, and whitewater canoeing, kayaking, are all within a few minutes drive.

Stats Canada showed in the 2016 Census, an almost zero population growth for the RM of Whitemouth. Lack of cell service for most areas and spotty service elsewhere, limited internet access and an aging population are factors. Property in S.E. Manitoba costs are lower than areas to the North, North East and West of the City of Winnipeg. The town of Whitemouth, a 7-minute drive from Elma, has several conveniences such as a clinic, dentist, pharmacy, hardware store, convenience store, school, RCMP station, Credit Union, Insurance Agency.

The biggest employers in the area are the Canadian National Railways, Sun Gro Horticulture Income Fund, and Seer Logging. A Hemp plant 25 minutes from Elma is starting up in 2019 and is expected to employ up to 200 workers [2]. Many residents commute to Winnipeg or Beausejour for work.

There were several debates in the town over sewer and water being installed over the years. In 2010 a bid by the RM of Whitemouth was quashed by the courts. Most of the residentially funded opposition was due to the large cost, on average 20,000 dollars per property, Under an updated Provincial Order in September 2010 some commercial properties as much as $100,000, [3]

In the Fall of 2011 the RM of Whitemouth installed a municipal water pipeline (originating in Seven Sisters, 35 k Kilometres away) for those residents who wanted it. The costs were to be shared between those people and a small government grant. Costs averaging 13,000 dollars per household. As of 2018 the Municipality passed a bylaw requiring homeowners to hire their own contractor to install water service. It is expected to be considerably lower than the Municipal original charge. Installation costs, from street to a homes plumbing system were $11,500.00.

A new home building incentive forgiving municipal taxes for two years was instituted in 2014. Many people have used this incentive.



References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d John Gilewich (1979). "Elma Memories". Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved 2017-05-05.
  2. ^ https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/botanist-organic-hemp-cbd-pineland-1.5030508
  3. ^ Bill Redekop (January 18, 2010). "Sewer, water dispute splits small village". Winnipeg Free Press. Retrieved 2017-05-05.

External links[edit]