Elmer Niklander

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Elmer Niklander
Elmer Niklander 1912.jpg
Elmer Niklander at the 1912 Olympics
Personal information
Full nameElmer Konstantin Niklander
Nickname(s)Elmeri, Niku, Oitin kanuuna
National teamFinland
Born(1890-01-19)19 January 1890
Hausjärvi, Grand Duchy of Finland, Russian Empire
Died12 November 1942(1942-11-12) (aged 52)
Helsinki, Finland
Monumentsstatue Oitin kanuuna Elmer Niklander by Evert Porila in 1917
Occupationfarmer
Height1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)
Weight79 kg (174 lb)
Sport
SportAthletics
Event(s)
  • Discus throw
  • Hammer throw
  • Javelin throw
  • Shot put
Club
  • Helsingin Kisa-Veikot
  • Helsingin Reipas
  • Oitin VPK:n urheilijat
Achievements and titles
National finals44 Finnish championships in throwing events in 1909–1924
Personal best(s)
  • Discus throw: 47.18 m (1916)
  • Two-handed discus throw: 90.13 m (1913) WR
  • Hammer throw: 47.57 m (1916)
  • Javelin throw: 54.19 m (1916)
  • Shot put: 14.86 m (1913)
  • Two-handed shot put: 27.75 m (1913)
  • Weight throw: 10.76 m (1914)

Elmer Konstantin Niklander (19 January 1890 – 12 November 1942) was a Finnish athlete who competed in throwing events. Participating in four Olympic Games, he won the gold medal in the 1920 discus throw and three other medals.

Athletics[edit]

Olympic Games[edit]

Elmer Niklander at the Olympic Games
Games Event Rank Result Notes
1908 Summer Olympics Men's Greek discus throw 9th 32.46 m Source:[1]
Men's shot put 9th–25th unknown Result was not officially recorded.[2] Result was circa 11 metres.[3] At the age of 18 years and 179 days, he is the youngest competitor in shot put in Olympic history (with a known birthdate; Miltiadis Gouskos might be younger).[4]
Men's discus throw 12th–42nd unknown Result was not officially recorded.[5] Result was circa 36 metres.[3]
1912 Summer Olympics Men's shot put 4th 13.65 m
Men's discus throw 4th 42.09 m His first round throw. It broke the Olympic record, but was then broken on the second round.
Men's two handed shot put 3rd 27.14 m
Men's two handed discus throw 2nd 77.96 m
1920 Summer Olympics Men's shot put 2nd 14.155 m
Men's discus throw 1st 44.685 m
Men's 56 pound weight throw 8th 8.865 m
1924 Summer Olympics Men's shot put 6th 14.265 m His fourth entrance in the event, which ties him for the record of most appearances in Olympic men's shot put.[6]
Men's discus throw 7th 42.09 m

In 1924, he served as the Olympic flag bearer for Finland.[7]

National[edit]

Niklander won 44 titles at the Finnish Championships in Athletics in throwing events in 1909–1924, a national record in itself.[8] Summary:

  • shot put, 7 titles: 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1920, 1924
  • two-handed shot put, 11 titles: 1909, 1910, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1920, 1924
  • discus throw, 5 titles: 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918
  • two-handed discus throw, 11 titles: 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1920
  • Greek discus throw, 2 titles: 1912, 1913
  • hammer throw, 6 titles: 1911, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918
  • weight throw, 2 titles: 1914, 1918

He also won 12 silvers and 1 bronze.[9]

Records and bests[edit]

Niklander broke a world record once:

  • 20 July 1913, two-handed discus throw, 90.13 m. The record still stands.[9]

He also broke two world records unofficially:

  • 1909, two-handed shot put, 26.89 m
  • 1910, two-handed discus throw, 87.12 m

Neither result was ratified as a record because the dimensions of the throwing circle weren't up to the international standard.[10]

He broke several Finnish national records:

  • 25 October 1907, shot put, 13.47 m[11]
  • 4 July 1909, shot put, 14.68 m[11]
  • 19 June 1910, discus throw, 44.88 m[12]
  • 15 August 1910, hammer throw, 40.04 m[13]
  • 19 July 1913, two-handed shot put, 27.75 m[10][9]
  • 7 June 1914, hammer throw, 45.95 m[13]
  • 1914, weight throw, 10.76 m[10]
  • 4 July 1915, hammer throw, 47.18 m[13]
  • 12 June 1916, hammer throw, 47.57 m[13]

Personal bests per event:[9]

  • shot put, 14.86 m, 19 July 1913
  • two-handed shot put, 27.75 m, 19 July 1913
  • discus throw, 47.18 m, 16 July 1916
  • two-handed discus throw, 90.13 m, 20 July 1913
  • hammer throw, 47.57 m, 12 June 1916
  • javelin throw, 54.19 m, 12 June 1916
  • weight throw, 10.76 m, 1914

Personal[edit]

Niklander was born in Rutajärvi village in Hausjärvi on 18 January 1890 to father Konstantin Niklander (1848–1903) and mother Henriika née Harjula (1858–1942).[14] His younger brother Siivo (1883–1961) made two Finnish national records in shot put in 1907.[8]

Niklander became an athlete through practice in his home yard and by taking part in athletic competitions arranged by the local fire department.[15]

Before the Finnish Civil War, Niklander joined the Hausjärvi White Guard and took part in the Mommila skirmish in November 1917. For this, the Red Guard sentenced him to death, and once the war began, he had to go into hiding.[16]

Niklander died of stomach cancer on 12 November 1942.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mallon, Bill; Buchanan, Ian (2001). The 1908 Olympic Games: Results for All Competitors in All Events, With Commentary. Jefferson, North Carolina, United States: McFarland. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-7864-0598-5.
  2. ^ Mallon, Bill; Buchanan, Ian (2001). The 1908 Olympic Games: Results for All Competitors in All Events, With Commentary. Jefferson, North Carolina, United States: McFarland. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-7864-0598-5.
  3. ^ a b Jukola, Martti (1952). Suuri olympiakirja (in Finnish). Porvoo: WSOY. pp. 40–41.
  4. ^ Butler, Mark, ed. (2016). IAAF Statistics Handbook. Special Edition. Games of the XXXI Olympiad. Rio 2016 (PDF). IAAF Communications Department. p. 24. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  5. ^ Mallon, Bill; Buchanan, Ian (2001). The 1908 Olympic Games: Results for All Competitors in All Events, With Commentary. Jefferson, North Carolina, United States: McFarland. p. 93. ISBN 978-0-7864-0598-5.
  6. ^ Butler, Mark, ed. (2016). IAAF Statistics Handbook. Special Edition. Games of the XXXI Olympiad. Rio 2016 (PDF). IAAF Communications Department. p. 172. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  7. ^ Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill. "Finland". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  8. ^ a b Siukonen, Markku (2001). Urheilukunniamme puolustajat. Suomen olympiaedustajat 1906–2000. Suuri olympiateos (in Finnish). 12. Jyväskylä: Graface. p. 222. ISBN 951-98673-1-7.
  9. ^ a b c d Lilja, Hannu (2008). Oitin kanuuna. Elmer Niklander, heittolajien kuningas oman aikansa kuvastajana (in Finnish). Tampere: Mediapinta. p. 144. ISBN 978-952-235-015-2.
  10. ^ a b c Rantala, Risto; Siukonen, Markku; Tukiainen, Seppo, eds. (1972). Urheilumme kasvot. Osa 2. Suunnistus ja yleisurheilu (in Finnish). Jyväskylä: Scandia kirjat. p. 1248.
  11. ^ a b Laitinen, Esa (1987). Suomen yleisurheilun tilasto-osa (in Finnish). Helsinki: Finnish Amateur Athletic Association. p. 583.
  12. ^ Laitinen, Esa (1987). Suomen yleisurheilun tilasto-osa (in Finnish). Helsinki: Finnish Amateur Athletic Association. p. 584.
  13. ^ a b c d Laitinen, Esa (1987). Suomen yleisurheilun tilasto-osa (in Finnish). Helsinki: Finnish Amateur Athletic Association. p. 585.
  14. ^ Lilja, Hannu (2008). Oitin kanuuna. Elmer Niklander, heittolajien kuningas oman aikansa kuvastajana (in Finnish). Tampere: Mediapinta. pp. 30–32. ISBN 978-952-235-015-2.
  15. ^ "Oitin kanuuna". YLE (in Finnish). Retrieved 28 December 2006.
  16. ^ Lilja, Hannu (2008). Oitin kanuuna. Elmer Niklander, heittolajien kuningas oman aikansa kuvastajana (in Finnish). Tampere: Mediapinta. pp. 71–79. ISBN 978-952-235-015-2.
  17. ^ Lilja, Hannu (2008). Oitin kanuuna. Elmer Niklander, heittolajien kuningas oman aikansa kuvastajana (in Finnish). Tampere: Mediapinta. p. 124. ISBN 978-952-235-015-2.