Elmira (town), New York

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Town of Elmira, New York
Town
Motto: "A Great Place to Live"
Elmira (town) is located in New York
Elmira (town)
Elmira (town)
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 42°5′30″N 76°50′2″W / 42.09167°N 76.83389°W / 42.09167; -76.83389Coordinates: 42°5′30″N 76°50′2″W / 42.09167°N 76.83389°W / 42.09167; -76.83389
Country United States
State New York
County Chemung
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Town Supervisor David Sullivan
 • Town Council
Area
 • Total 22.5 sq mi (58.4 km2)
 • Land 22.2 sq mi (57.5 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation 1,178 ft (359 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,934
 • Density 312/sq mi (120.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 14900-14999
Area code(s) 607
FIPS code 36-24240
GNIS feature ID 0978939
Website www.townofelmira.com

Elmira is a town in Chemung County, New York, United States, surrounding the city of Elmira on three sides. The town's population was 6,934 at the 2010 census.[1] The town is in the south-central part of the county, in the Southern Tier of New York. It is part of the Elmira Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The Sullivan Expedition of 1779 passed through the area and fought the British at the Battle of Newtown in the south part of the current town.

The town of Elmira was formed from the town of Chemung in 1794 as the town of Newtown. In 1808, the town changed its name to Elmira.

In 1798, the town of Catharine was formed from Elmira. (It is now in Schuyler County.) Other towns formed from the town of Elmira are Big Flats (1822), Southport (1822), and Catlin (1823).

The main settlement of Elmira set itself off from the town in 1828, becoming the Village of Elmira. The village, absorbing more of the town over the years, became the City of Elmira in 1864.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 22.5 square miles (58.4 km2), of which 22.2 square miles (57.5 km2) is land and 0.35 square miles (0.9 km2), or 1.46%, is water.[2] The Chemung River, a tributary of the Susquehanna River, forms part of the south town line, and Newtown Creek partly divides the town from the city of Elmira.

The Southern Tier Expressway (Interstate 86 and NY Route 17) passes through the town in a northwest-southeast direction. New York State Route 352 passes through the south part of the town and into the city of Elmira.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,975
1830 2,962 −0.4%
1840 4,791 61.7%
1850 8,166 70.4%
1860 8,682 6.3%
1870 1,190 −86.3%
1880 1,986 66.9%
1890 890 −55.2%
1900 1,260 41.6%
1910 1,605 27.4%
1920 2,651 65.2%
1930 5,084 91.8%
1940 5,290 4.1%
1950 6,346 20.0%
1960 8,413 32.6%
1970 8,408 −0.1%
1980 7,635 −9.2%
1990 7,440 −2.6%
2000 7,199 −3.2%
2010 6,934 −3.7%
Est. 2014 6,803 [3] −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 7,199 people, 3,019 households, and 2,049 families residing in the town. The population density was 323.0 people per square mile (124.7/km²). There were 3,183 housing units at an average density of 142.8 per square mile (55.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.31% White, 1.49% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 1.22% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population.

There were 3,019 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $46,641, and the median income for a family was $56,772. Males had a median income of $37,676 versus $29,473 for females. The per capita income for the town was $26,335. About 3.1% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 0.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in the town of Elmira[edit]

  • East Elmira – A hamlet in the southeast corner of the town at the junction of County Roads 1 and 2.
  • Elmira – The city of Elmira, occupying the former western part of the town.
  • Elmira Heights – The south part of the village of Elmira Heights.
  • Newtown Battlefield State Park – An historical park in the southeast part of the town.
  • West Elmira – A hamlet southwest of the city of Elmira on NY-352, next to the Chemung River.

Notable people[edit]

Elmira is the birthplace of film director Hal Roach.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Table 2: Total Population Change for New York Local Government Areas, 2000 to 2010" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. p. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-09-27. 
  2. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Elmira town, Chemung County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]