Elmira Heights, New York
|Elmira Heights, New York|
|• Total||1.15 sq mi (2.97 km2)|
|• Land||1.15 sq mi (2.97 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||879 ft (268 m)|
|• Density||3,574/sq mi (1,379.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0949579|
Elmira Heights is a village in Chemung County, New York, United States. The population was 4,097 at the 2010 census. The village is primarily within the town of Horseheads, but part of the village is in the town of Elmira. The village is a northern suburb of the city of Elmira. It is part of the Elmira, New York Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Elmira Heights is located at (42.127298, -76.824214).
The Southern Tier Expressway (Interstate 86 and New York State Route 17) passes east of the village on the far side of the Newtown Creek valley. The closest expressway access is from Horseheads to the north or Elmira to the south. New York State Route 14 (College Avenue) and County Road 66 (Grand Central Avenue) are north-south streets through the village.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,170 people, 1,874 households, and 1,053 families residing in the village. The population density was 3,664.5 people per square mile (1,412.3/km²). There were 2,010 housing units at an average density of 1,766.3 per square mile (680.8/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.03% White, 1.03% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population.
There were 1,874 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.0% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.8% were non-families. 37.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the village, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $29,015, and the median income for a family was $36,250. Males had a median income of $32,135 versus $21,788 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,334. About 7.1% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.4% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.
Fire department history
The Elmira Heights Volunteer Fire Department was founded in 1896. When it began it was composed of two companies, the Chemical and Hose Company and the Independent Hook and Ladder Company. These later combined into one department. The first fire chief was William Monroe, and the first fire bell was purchased from Grace Church in Elmira. The original fire station was across the street from its present location on the northeast corner of Scottwood and Fourteenth Street. It was merely a shed in which to store equipment. Throughout the Heights three hose carts were placed. In case of a fire, this was the procedure used: Someone ran to ring the fire bell while everyone else near the fire ran to the hose cart to fasten the hose to the nearest hydrant. When the fire bell rang, firemen from every part of the village raced to the fire station. The hook and ladder truck was hand-drawn. The hose carts and chemical engine were horse-drawn.
Anyone with a team of horses made a bee-line for the station. The first team that appeared to pull the apparatus received three dollars for his services and the second team received two dollars for the use of his team. The race to see what man would get his team to the fire station first was almost as exciting as the fire itself. At the fire, the hose was connected to the hose already connect to the hydrant and the real fire fighting began.
The fire department had its social side as well. The two companies were as separate as it was possible to be. You either belonged to one or the other, but never both. You might walk to the door of the building with your friend of the other company, but once inside the door friendship ceased until you came back out. Benefit dances, card parties, and social gatherings were held and things went fine until it was time to divide the money. This rivalry and animosity continued until one night a new fire chief, tired of the bickering, ordered the door to be opened between the parlors of the two companies.
Fire department today
Today the Elmira Heights Fire Department is located next door to the Elmira Heights Village Hall. It still maintains an all-volunteer roster and offers fire and EMS services to the village of Elmira Heights and the towns of Elmira and Horseheads.
Former fire apparatus manufacturer
The Elmira Heights Police Department is a small full-service agency consisting of a force of eleven men which offers 24/7 police protection to the village of Elmira Heights. The department investigates all offenses that take place within the boundaries of the village. The Police Department shares their operations facility with the Elmira Heights Fire Department.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Elmira Heights village, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "History". Retrieved April 11, 2011.