KDOT map of Dickinson County (legend)
|state of Kansas|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Elevation||1,355 ft (413 m)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|FIPS code||20-20825 |
|GNIS ID||0476978 |
For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.
In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.
In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1857, Dickinson County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Elmo.
Elmo started about one mile from its current location, but the source of the name is unknown. When the Missouri Pacific Railroad was built through the area, the railroad didn't like the Elmo location because it was sloping ground, so it built a station at nearby Banner City (current location of Elmo). The old Elmo post office was moved to Banner City around 1887. The name Banner City already existed in Jackson and Trego counties, so eventually the Elmo name replaced it. The post office was opened in Elmo on December 16, 1884, and remained in operation until it was discontinued on May 6, 1966. The railroad was removed in the 1990s.
In 1899, Elias Sellerds discovered a well-preserved trove of insect fossils about 3 miles south of Elmo in the Lower-Permian Elmo-Limestone member of the Wellington-Formation. In 1925, Frank M. Carpenter begins studying the fossil bed. In 1928, Robert John Tillyard researched the same fossil bed. The Elmo site has produced tens of thousands of specimens, with more than 150 species of insects described, including large fossils of Meganeuropsis. The site is located on private land and closed to the public.
- Carlton Area History: Carlton - Elmo - Holland, Dickinson County, Kansas; Carlton Book Committee; Bell Books; 1995.
- Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Elmo, Kansas; United States Geological Survey (USGS); October 13, 1978.
- Standard Atlas of Dickinson County, Kansas; Geo. A. Ogle & Co; Page 32 of 63; 1901.]
- Kansas town of Elmo now quiet after a busy past; Lawrence Journal-World; January 16, 2012.
- Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. p. 584.
- "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Archived from the original on September 9, 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- A type catalog of Fossil Invertebrates (Arthropoda: Hexapoda) in the Yale Peabody Museum - Postilla 209; Russell D. White; Peabody Museum of Natural History at Yale University; 1994/1995.
- The Permian Insect Fossils of Elmo, Kansas; Emporia State University; 2000.
- "Fossil Insects". Kansas Geological Survey (KU). Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- R. J. Tillyard; Winds of Kansas.
- The entomofauna of the Lower Permian fossil insect beds of Kansas and Oklahoma, USA; Roy J. Beckemeyer1 and Joseph D. Hall; 2007.
- Elmo Fossil Beds; Winds of Kansas.
- Town of Elmo makes new sign; KWCH tv; July 3, 2014.
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