Elmwood Park, New Jersey
|Elmwood Park, New Jersey|
|Borough of Elmwood Park|
Map highlighting Elmwood Park's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Elmwood Park, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 18, 1916 (as East Paterson)|
|Renamed||January 1, 1973 (to Elmwood Park)|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Robert Colletti (interim) (R, mayoral term ends December 31, 2019)|
|• Clerk||Keith Kazmark|
|• Total||2.758 sq mi (7.143 km2)|
|• Land||2.648 sq mi (6.858 km2)|
|• Water||0.110 sq mi (0.285 km2) 3.99%|
|Area rank||358th of 566 in state
32nd of 70 in county
|Elevation||46 ft (14 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||20,279|
|• Rank||133rd of 566 in state
15th of 70 in county
|• Density||7,327.9/sq mi (2,829.3/km2)|
|• Density rank||55th of 566 in state
16th of 70 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0885207|
Elmwood Park is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 19,403, reflecting an increase of 478 (+2.5%) from the 18,925 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,302 (+7.4%) from the 17,623 counted in the 1990 Census.
Prior to 1916, the area was known as Dundee Lake, a section of Saddle River Township. Residents of the Dundee Lake area voted on April 18, 1916, to secede from Saddle River Township to form the Borough of East Paterson. In 1917, residents of the Rosemont section of Saddle River Township voted to be annexed to East Paterson. In November 1972, residents voted to change the name of the borough to Elmwood Park. The new name became official on January 1, 1973.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Government
- 4 Education
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Points of interest
- 7 Controversy
- 8 Notable people
- 9 Sources
- 10 References
- 11 External links
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.758 square miles (7.143 km2), including 2.648 square miles (6.858 km2) of land and 0.110 square miles (0.285 km2) of water (3.99%).
The borough borders Clifton, Paterson in Passaic County across the Passaic River to the West; Fair Lawn across Willow Street, Cyril Avenue, New Jersey Route 4 (Broadway), and the Bergen County Line to the North and East; and Saddle Brook across the Bergen County Line (continued from the Fair Lawn / Saddle Brook Border along the extension of Rosario Court) and Dye Avenue continuing to between Garwood Court North and Kipp Avenue to the East and South where it borders Garfield.
|Population sources: 1920
The 2010 United States Census counted 19,403 people, 7,032 households, and 5,140 families residing in the borough. The population density was 7,327.9 per square mile (2,829.3/km2). The borough contained 7,385 housing units at an average density of 2,789.1 per square mile (1,076.9/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 75.37% (14,624) White, 5.25% (1,019) Black or African American, 0.33% (65) Native American, 10.72% (2,080) Asian, 0.02% (4) Pacific Islander, 5.47% (1,062) from other races, and 2.83% (549) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 21.22% (4,117) of the population.
Out of a total of 7,032 households, 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.9% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.25.
In the borough, 20.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.5 years. For every 100 females the census counted 91.5 males, but for 100 females at least 18 years old, it was 88.9 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $66,719 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,506) and the median family income was $75,587 (+/- $4,326). Males had a median income of $50,943 (+/- $1,704) versus $41,654 (+/- $3,193) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $29,959 (+/- $2,217). About 3.7% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 18,925 people, 7,089 households, and 5,075 families residing in the borough. The population density was 7,129.8 people per square mile (2,757.4/km2). There were 7,242 housing units at an average density of 2,728.3 per square mile (1,055.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 78.53% White, 4.16% African American, 0.11% Native American, 7.80% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 4.44% from other races, and 2.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.39% of the population.
There were 7,089 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the borough the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $52,319, and the median income for a family was $59,131. Males had a median income of $40,684 versus $39,535 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $28,588. About 4.7% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.
Elmwood Park is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of November 2016[update], Robert Colletti is serving as interim mayor, following the death of Republican Richard A. Mola, who had served continuously as mayor for nearly 45 years, from 1972 (a year before the borough's name was changed from East Paterson) until his death on October 20, 2016; Colletti will serve until the November 2017 general election, when voters will choose a candidate to serve the two years remaining on Mola's term of office. Members of the Elmwood Park Borough Council are Council President Louis Vuoncino (R, 2017), Frank Caramagna (D, 2016), Anthony Chirdo (R, 2018), Joseph Dombrowski (D, 2016) and Magdalena Giandomenico (R, 2016), with a vacant seat expiring in 2017 that had been held by Robert Colletti until his appointment as mayor.
In September 2016, the borough council selected Frank Caramagna, a former concilmember, to fill the seat expiring in December 2016 that had been held by Democrat Stephen Martino until his resignation earlier that month after announcing that he was moving out of the borough.
Federal, state and county representation
Elmwood Park is located in the 9th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 35th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Elmwood Park had been in the 38th state legislative district.
New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 35th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nellie Pou (D, North Haledon) and in the General Assembly by Shavonda E. Sumter (D, Paterson) and Benjie E. Wimberly (D, Paterson). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. As of 2015[update], the County Executive is James J. Tedesco III (D, Paramus; term ends December 31, 2018). The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January. Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2017; Fort Lee), Vice Chairman Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington) Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge), David L. Ganz (D, 2017; Fair Lawn), Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes) Thomas J. Sullivan Jr., (D, Montvale, 2015; serving the unexpired term of office that had been occupied by James Tedesco before he was sworn in as County Executive) and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes). Countywide constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale), Sheriff Michael Saudino (R) and Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 10,470 registered voters in Elmwood Park, of which 3,256 (31.1% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,898 (18.1% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 5,312 (50.7% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 54.0% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 68.2% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 4,506 votes (60.6% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 2,790 votes (37.5% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 59 votes (0.8% vs. 0.9%), among the 7,434 ballots cast by the borough's 11,262 registered voters, for a turnout of 66.0% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County). In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 4,462 votes (55.0% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 3,459 votes (42.7% vs. 44.5%) and other candidates with 93 votes (1.1% vs. 0.8%), among the 8,109 ballots cast by the borough's 11,201 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.4% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 4,246 votes (54.3% vs. 51.7% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 3,474 votes (44.4% vs. 47.2%) and other candidates with 56 votes (0.7% vs. 0.7%), among the 7,819 ballots cast by the borough's 10,922 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.6% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 58.8% of the vote (2,498 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 39.9% (1,695 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (57 votes), among the 4,383 ballots cast by the borough's 10,906 registered voters (133 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 40.2%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 2,297 ballots cast (48.4% vs. 48.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 2,099 votes (44.2% vs. 45.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 264 votes (5.6% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 27 votes (0.6% vs. 0.5%), among the 4,750 ballots cast by the borough's 10,758 registered voters, yielding a 44.2% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).
The Elmwood Park Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2013-14 school year, the district's five schools had an enrollment of 2,529 students and 152.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 16.6:1. Schools in the district (with 2013-14 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are: Gantner Avenue Elementary School (grades K-5; 368 students), Gilbert Avenue Elementary School (K-5; 421), Sixteenth Avenue Elementary School (PreK-5; 477), Memorial Middle School (6-8; 546) and Elmwood Park Memorial High School (9-12; 717).
Despite boasting several state championship football teams in the early 1970s, the Elmwood Park High School Crusaders football team went into a lengthy period of decline. The Crusader football team had a 41-game losing streak in effect from 2002 until September 30, 2006, when they defeated the Manchester Regional High School Falcons, 33-14, snapping the four-year-long losing streak.
Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 52.86 miles (85.07 km) of roadways, of which 41.87 miles (67.38 km) were maintained by the municipality, 5.95 miles (9.58 km) by Bergen County and 3.40 miles (5.47 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 1.64 miles (2.64 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
Elmwood Park is served by NJ Transit buses 160 and 161 to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, with local service on the 702, 712, 758 and 770 routes. NJ Transit's Bergen County Line tracks travel through Elmwood Park, but does not have a station stop in the borough, with the nearest stations being the Radburn and Broadway stations in Fair Lawn.
Points of interest
The Van Houten-Hillman House, named for Cornelius J. Van Houten who constructed the house c. 1782 and Herman Hillman who purchased it in 1898, was added to the National Register of Historic Places on January 9, 1983.
White supremacist groups had been meeting at a local branch of the Junior Order of United American Mechanics since the 1990s. David Duke stopped there during his 1988 presidential campaign. On September 25, 2007, the locks were changed, reported the secretary treasurer of the JOUAM. At this time, he states, "As soon as we found out, we took action," referring to the revelation that some members of the Junior Order chapter were white power activists. Numerous boxes containing tapes and books were recovered by the police, which were soon forwarded to the FBI.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Elmwood Park include:
- Adrenalin O.D., hardcore punk band.
- Carlos Almonte, convicted Al Qaeda terrorist who was sentenced in 2013 to 20 years in prison for his role in a plot to join a terrorist group and commit murders overseas.
- ASAP Rocky (born 1988 as Rakim Mayers), rapper.
- Cathy Bao Bean (born 1942), author of The Chopsticks-Fork Principle: A Memoir and Manual.
- Michael Cade (born 1972), actor, who appeared in California Dreams.
- Cornelius A. Cadmus (1844–1902), represented New Jersey's 5th congressional district from 1891-1895.
- Carmen Carrera (born 1985), transgender entertainer and model / reality television personality who appeared on RuPaul's Drag Race Season 3.
- W. Cary Edwards (1944-2010), politician who served as New Jersey Attorney General from 1986 to 1989.
- Sheena Iyengar (born 1969), Columbia Business School professor.
- John McGrath (c. 1920 - 2012), United States Army soldier whose service with Easy Company during World War II was mentioned in the book Band of Brothers by historian Stephen E. Ambrose and was portrayed in the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers by Stephen Walters.
- Cora-Ann Mihalik (born c. 1954), former television news anchor and reporter who was best known as co-anchor and news reporter for Fox WNYW and My 9 WWOR from 1987 to 2011.
- Gary Nova (born 1993), quarterback for the Rutgers Scarlet Knights football team.
- Dick Vitale (born 1939), basketball coach and broadcaster.
- Robert Zoellner (1932-2014), investor and stamp collector who was the second person to have assembled a complete collection of United States postage stamps.
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- Hoey, Alexandra. "Robert Colletti voted interim mayor in Elmwood Park", The Record (Bergen County), November 15, 2016. Accessed December 1, 2016. "Following the sudden death of Richard Mola, one the country's longest-serving mayors, Elmwood Park's borough council has approved Robert Colletti as interim mayor.... Colletti will serve as interim mayor through the November 2017 general election, when a special election will be held."
- Jongsma, Joshua. "Mola Re-elected As Elmwood Park Mayor", Saddle Brook-Elmwood Park Daily Voice, November 3, 2015. Accessed April 26, 2016.
- Koloff, Abbott; and Janoski, Steve. "Richard Mola, longtime Elmwood Park mayor and former Bergen freeholder, dies at 80", The Record (Bergen County), October 21, 2016. Accessed October 26, 2016. "A Republican, Mola, 80, had survived numerous political challenges and was elected last year to his 12th consecutive term. He said he was the only mayor in Elmwood Park's history because he was first elected to the office in 1972, before the borough's name was changed from East Paterson in 1973.... Kazmark said the Borough Council would soon select an interim mayor from a list of three candidates to be put forward by the Bergen County Republican Organization. Until then, Council President Louis Vuoncino is the acting mayor. Residents will select a mayor to fill the remainder of Mola's term, which expires in 2019, in November next year, Kazmark said."
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- Milsop, Matthew. "Former council president picked to come back to Elmwood Park Council", Community News (Elmwood Park edition), September 21, 2016. Accessed December 3, 2016. "Former Councilman Frank Caramagna has been selected to fill the seat of Stephen Martino. The governing body picked Caramagna to become a member of the council at a meeting on Sept. 15. Martino, a Democrat, whose term expires Dec. 31, resigned on Sept. 1."
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- District information for Elmwood Park School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 25, 2016.
- School Data for the Elmwood Park Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 25, 2016.
- Gantner Avenue Elementary School, Elmwood Park Public Schools. Accessed October 9, 2013.
- Gilbert Avenue Elementary School, Elmwood Park Public Schools. Accessed October 9, 2013.
- Sixteenth Avenue Elementary School, Elmwood Park Public Schools. Accessed October 9, 2013.
- Memorial Middle School, Elmwood Park Public Schools. Accessed October 9, 2013.
- Elmwood Park High School, Elmwood Park Public Schools. Accessed October 9, 2013.
- New Jersey School Directory for the Elmwood Park Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
- Conley, Jen. "Giants Name Elmwood Park's Luciani Coach Of The Week", New York Giants, October 3, 2006. Accessed April 12, 2011. "Elmwood Park Memorial High School football, notorious in Northern New Jersey for its 41 game losing streak, finally snapped that record by defeating Manchester Regional High School 33-14 and winning its first game since 2002."
- About Us, Bergen County Technical Schools. Accessed December 5, 2013.
- Admissions, Bergen County Technical Schools. Accessed December 23, 2016.
- Bergen County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed December 5, 2013.
- Routes by County: Bergen County, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed September 14, 2016.
- Bergen County System Map, NJ Transit. Accessed September 14, 2016.
- Superville, Denisa R., "Residents get scoop on light rail line", The Record (Bergen County), September 20, 2008. Accessed July 18, 2012.
- Revolutionary War Sites in Elmwood Park, New Jersey, Revolutionary War New Jersey. Accessed December 5, 2013.
- Brubaker, Paul. "Meeting hall owner changes the locks", Herald News, September 28, 2007. Accessed October 1, 2007.
- Lustig, Jay. "N.J. Rock & Pop Hall: Looking to the future", The Star-Ledger, March 16, 2012. Accessed November 22, 2014. "Adrenalin O.D., Elmwood Park. Punk band specializing in fast, funny songs."
- Sampson, Peter J. "North Bergen, Elmwood Park men sentenced to 20 and 22 years in terror case", The Record (Bergen County), April 15, 2013. Accessed October 9, 2013. "At the conclusion of a five-hour hearing, U.S. District Judge Dickinson R. Debevoise imposed a 22-year prison term on Mohamed Alessa, 23, of North Bergen. He sentenced Alessa's best friend and co-defendant, Carlos Almonte, 27, of Elmwood Park, to a 20-year term."
- Zeichner, Naomi. "Interview: ASAP Rocky", The Fader, September 8, 2011. Accessed January 2, 2012. "Last year, ASAP Rocky left Manhattan and moved to Elmwood Park, New Jersey with his mom and little sister."
- The Chopsticks-Fork Principle, A Memoir and Manual, Cathy Bao Bean. Accessed December 5, 2013. "In 1949, we moved to Elmwood Park, NJ. I started to think in English and forget in Chinese."
- Cornelius A. Cadmus, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed October 9, 2007.
- RuPaul's Drag Race › Season 3, Logo (TV channel). Accessed January 7, 2012. "Carmen Carrera 25, Elmwood Park, NJ"
- Romano, Jay. "On the Road With Cary Edwards", The New York Times, April 25, 1993. Accessed December 5, 2013. "W. Cary Edwards, 48, was born in Ridgewood and grew up in Bergen County. When he was 11 years old, his parents separated, and he moved with his mother, Virginia, and a brother and a sister to East Paterson."
- Goldstein, Evan R. "To Choose or Not to Choose: Sheena Iyengar shakes up psychology, starting with a jar of jam and now with a new book", Chronicle of Higher Education, March 14, 2010. Accessed December 6, 2011. "'My parents were very sensitive about my blindness, and they didn't want it known,' says Iyengar, who was born in Toronto and raised in a heavily Sikh enclave in Flushing, N.Y., and, later, Elmwood Park, N.J."
- Levin, Jay. "John 'Jack' McGrath of Elmwood Park, hero depicted in 'Band of Brothers,' dies at 92", The Record (Bergen County), April 25, 2012. Accessed December 3, 2013. "John McGrath of Elmwood Park, a reluctant World War II hero whose derring-do became well known after his depiction in the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers, died Tuesday."
- Kubasik, Bn. "TV Spots", Newsday, June 23, 1989. Accessed December 5, 2013. "Mihalik's Advice to Graduates WNYW/5 anchor Cora Ann Mihalik, class of '72, Elmwood Park (NJ) High School, returns to offer pointers to tonight's graduates."
- Staff. "Rutgers' Gary Nova loses starting QB job to Chas Dodd", The Record (Bergen County), November 25, 2013. Accessed December 5, 2013. "Nova, the junior from Elmwood Park who played at Don Bosco, was ineffective in the last five games, four Rutgers losses."
- Dick Vitale bio, ESPN.com, dated November 2004. Accessed July 4, 2008.
- Iannazzone, Al. "Vitale continues fight against cancer for old lost pal Valvano", The Record (Bergen County), September 25, 2011. Accessed October 9, 2013. "Dick Vitale stood behind Jim Valvano during his moving, unforgettable speech more than 18 years ago and continues standing by a promise he made his dear friend.... Vitale has made it his life's mission.Using his greatest gifts – his voice and his passion – the Elmwood Park native has been a driving force in The V Foundation raising more than $100 million for cancer research."
- Levin, Jay. "Robert E. Zoellner, investment firm founder and philanthropist from Alpine, dead at 82", The Record (Bergen County), December 30, 2014. Accessed December 31, 2014. "Robert Emil Zoellner grew up in the former East Paterson and attended Lehigh University in Pennsylvania."