# Elongated triangular bipyramid

Elongated triangular bipyramid
TypeJohnson
J13 - J14 - J15
Faces6 triangles
3 squares
Edges15
Vertices8
Vertex configuration2(33)
6(32.42)
Symmetry groupD3h, [3,2], (*322)
Rotation groupD3, [3,2]+, (322)
Dual polyhedronTriangular bifrustum
Propertiesconvex
Net

In geometry, the elongated triangular bipyramid (or dipyramid) is one of the Johnson solids (J14), convex polyhedra whose faces are regular polygons. As the name suggests, it can be constructed by elongating a triangular bipyramid (J12) by inserting a triangular prism between its congruent halves.

A Johnson solid is one of 92 strictly convex polyhedra that have regular faces but are not uniform (that is, they are not Platonic solids, Archimedean solids, prisms, or antiprisms). They were named by Norman Johnson, who first listed these polyhedra in 1966.[1]

The nirrosula, an African musical instrument woven out of strips of plant leaves, is made in the form of a series of elongated bipyramids with non-equilateral triangles as the faces of their end caps.[2]

## Formulae

The following formulae for volume and surface area can be used if all faces are regular, with edge length a:[3]

${\displaystyle V=({\frac {1}{12}}(2{\sqrt {2}}+3{\sqrt {3}}))a^{3}\approx 0.668715...a^{3}}$

${\displaystyle A=({\frac {3}{2}}(2+{\sqrt {3}}))a^{2}\approx 5.59808...a^{2}}$

### Dual polyhedron

The dual of the elongated triangular bipyramid is called a triangular bifrustum and has 8 faces: 6 trapezoidal and 2 triangular.

Dual elongated triangular bipyramid Net of dual

## References

1. ^ Johnson, Norman W. (1966), "Convex polyhedra with regular faces", Canadian Journal of Mathematics, 18: 169–200, doi:10.4153/cjm-1966-021-8, MR 0185507, Zbl 0132.14603.
2. ^ Gerdes, Paulus (2009), "Exploration of technologies, emerging from African cultural practices, in mathematics (teacher) education", ZDM, the International Journal on Mathematics Education, 42 (1): 11–17, doi:10.1007/s11858-009-0208-2.
3. ^ Stephen Wolfram, "Elongated triangular dipyramid" from Wolfram Alpha. Retrieved July 22, 2010.