Overview of Elounda
|Municipal unit||Agios Nikolaos|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|• Population||2,193 (2011)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
Elounda (Greek: Ελούντα, romanized: Elúnda), alternatively transliterated as Elounta or Elouda, is a small town on the northern coast of the island of Crete, Greece. It is part of the municipality of Agios Nikolaos.
Elounda is formed of seven villages and an uninhabited island area. The village of Schisma is by far the most populated one and is often understood as 'Elounda Centre'. The community of Elounda has a total of 2,193 inhabitants according to the 2011 census. The areas making up the community are (at least since the re-organisation of 2011-01-01) with Greek names and head count:
- Agia Paraskevi – Ἁγία Παρασκευή – 23
- Epano Elounda – Ἐπάνω Ἐλοῦντα – 115
- Epano Pine – Ἐπάνω Πιναί – 35
- Kalydon – Καλυδών (uninhabited island area)
- Kato Elounda – Κάτω Ἐλοῦντα – 86
- Kato Pine – Κάτω Πιναί – 62
- Mavrikianon – Μαυρικιανόν – 142
- Schisma – Σχίσμα – 1,730
Geography and neighbourhood
The road into Elounda from Agios Nikolaos is approximately 12 km in length and follows the shore as it climbs to the top of a small mountain. On a clear day it is possible to see the whole of Mirabello Bay and all the way to the eastern tip of Crete.
The small fishing village of Plaka (Lasithi), which overlooks the island of Spinalonga and the Kolikithia Peninsula, is located a mere 5 km from the main square of Elounda heading north away from Agios Nikolaos.
Elounda is a famous tourist attraction, heavily visited by VIPs for its seaside luxury resorts. Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou used to spend his summers in Elounda; today, it is visited almost every year by the royal family of Saudi Arabia.
The earliest recorded settlement at Elounda was the ancient Greek city of Olous, whose people were in intermittent conflict with the citizens of Dorian Lato, until a peace treaty was eventually reached. Elounda has a later history as part of the Venetian era. Elounda has changed considerably during its lifespan. The bulk of the ancient city of Olous was reclaimed by the sea towards the end of the Ancient Greek period and is still visible, in part, when diving in the bay of Elounda.
In the 1930s the enclosed waters between Elounda and the Spinalonga peninsula (known as "Mirabella Harbour") was used by Imperial Airways flying boats as a landing, for long-range flights to the Nmiddle east and beyond. In 1936 it was the scene of a fatal crash by IA's Scipio.
In 1984, the Prime minister of Greece, Andreas Papandreou, the President of France, François Mitterrand, and Colonel Muammar Gaddafi of Libya met in a luxurious Elounda resort to discuss conflict resolution in Chad.
- Elounda was used for the filming of the popular BBC television series Who Pays the Ferryman? in the late 1970s.
- It is the setting for the Belinda Jones novel Out of the Blue.
- It features in Victoria Hislop's novel The Island, the novel which has also been adapted for Greek television and aired as a mini series in the winter of 2010-11. It also features in 'Yannis' by Beryl Darby.
Hislop, Victoria (2005). The Island. Also see The Moon-Spinners by Disney. Together with 'The Island', by Victoria Hislop there is also available a much more substantial work on the same subject called YANNIS by Beryl Darby who also wrote the first guide book to Spinalonga.
- "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
- C.Michael Hogan, Lato Fieldnotes, The Modern Antiquarian, Jan 10, 2008
- Alain Rouvez, Michel Coco, Jean-Paul Paddack, Disconsolate empires: French, British and Belgian military involvement in post-colonial Sub-Saharan Africa, 1994
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Elounda.|
- Elounda travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Municipality of Aghios Nikolaos, Elounda info page
- Elounda info and elounda guide