Elsa, Texas

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Elsa, Texas
Location of Elsa, Texas
Location of Elsa, Texas
Hidalgo County Elsa.svg
Coordinates: 26°17′52″N 97°59′34″W / 26.29778°N 97.99278°W / 26.29778; -97.99278Coordinates: 26°17′52″N 97°59′34″W / 26.29778°N 97.99278°W / 26.29778; -97.99278
Country United States of America
State Texas
County Hidalgo
Area
 • Total2.09 sq mi (5.41 km2)
 • Land2.09 sq mi (5.41 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
66 ft (20 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total7,181
 • Estimate 
(2020)[2]
7,181
 • Density3,437.47/sq mi (1,326.93/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
78543
Area code956
FIPS code48-24036[3]
GNIS feature ID1335417[4]
Websitecityofelsa.net

Elsa is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas, United States. The population was 7,181 at the 2020 census,[citation needed] It is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.

Geography[edit]

Elsa is located in eastern Hidalgo County at 26°17′52″N 97°59′34″W / 26.29778°N 97.99278°W / 26.29778; -97.99278 (26.297672, –97.992770),[5] 9 miles (14 km) north of Weslaco and 11 miles (18 km) east of Edinburg on State Highway 107 and FM 88. It is bordered to the east by the city of Edcouch and to the west by the unincorporated community of La Blanca.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Elsa has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), all land.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19401,006
19503,179216.0%
19603,84721.0%
19704,40014.4%
19805,06115.0%
19905,2423.6%
20005,5495.9%
20105,6602.0%
2020 (est.)7,181[2]26.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

2020 census[edit]

Elsa racial composition[8]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 128 2.26%
Black or African American (NH) 5 0.09%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 7 0.12%
Asian (NH) 7 0.12%
Some Other Race (NH) 11 0.19%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 37 0.65%
Hispanic or Latino 5,473 96.56%
Total 5,668

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 5,668 people, 2,093 households, and 1,735 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 5,549 people, 1,575 households, and 1,324 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,756.8 people per square mile (1,447.6/km2). There were 1,754 housing units at an average density of 1,187.5 per square mile (457.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.5% White, 0.34% African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 21.7% from other races, and 2.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 97.28% of the population.

There were 1,575 households, out of which 44.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 22.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.9% were non-families. 14.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.52 and the average family size was 3.90.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 34.7% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 17.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $19,232, and the median income for a family was $21,831. Males had a median income of $21,957 versus $17,107 for females. The per capita income for the city was $7,550. About 33.5% of families and 38.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 51.9% of those under age 18 and 32.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates the Elsa Post Office.[11]

Education[edit]

Elsa is served by the Edcouch-Elsa Independent School District.[12] In addition, South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve the community.

The Elsa Public Library is located in Elsa.

History[edit]

Elsa was settled as ranch land before 1800. Anglo-Americans settled in the area in the early 1900s; the town was laid out with the coming of the Texas and New Orleans Railroad in 1927, and incorporated in 1940.[13]

The Ro-Tel brand of tomatoes and green chile, now known as a basic ingredient of Tex-Mex cooking, began in 1943 as a family canning plant in Elsa established by Carl Roetelle.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Archived from the original on 2019-08-24. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Elsa city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2018-02-15.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "Explore Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2022-05-21.
  9. ^ https://www.census.gov
  10. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  11. ^ "Post Office Location - ELSA Archived 2012-06-06 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  12. ^ Edcouch-Elsa Isd: Viva La Maquina!
  13. ^ Elsa, Texas in The Handbook of Texas Online (accessed 2016-04-12).
  14. ^ Nola McKey (2015-04-01). Cooking with Texas Highways. University of Texas Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-292-70629-3. Archived from the original on 2022-08-03.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[9][10]

External links[edit]