Elsa Mandelstamm Gidoni
March 12, 1901
|Died||April 19, 1978 (aged 77)|
|Education||Technische Hochschule in Charlottenburg, Berlin|
|Spouse(s)||Alexander Gidoni, Alexis L. Gluckmann|
Elsa Mandelstamm Gidoni (March 12, 1901 – April 19, 1978) was a German-American architect and interior designer.
Gidoni was born Elsa Mandelstamm in Riga, Latvia, into the Lithuanian-Jewish family. Her father Fayvush (Pavel) Mandelstamm was a physician. She studied at the Imperial Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg from 1916-1917 and at the Technical University in Berlin in the mid-1920s. She then operated her own interior design firm from 1929 to 1933.
In 1933, after Adolf Hitler became Chancellor, Gidoni left Berlin and settled in Tel Aviv. There, she designed an economics school and worked on various projects such as planning the Swedish Pavilion at the Levant-Fair and the Café Galina. Much of Gidoni's work was of the International Style, an architecture style that became popular after World War I and is characterized by the use of industrial materials, lack of color, and flat surfaces. In 1938, she left Tel-Aviv due to increasing conflict within the political landscape, and moved to New York where she worked as an interior designer for Heimer & Wagner before eventually finding work as a project designer at the architectural firm of Kahn & Jacobs.
- Swedish Pavilion at the Levant Fair with Genia Averbuch, Tel Aviv, 1934
- Apartment house, Tel Aviv, 1937
- General Motors Futurama pavilion, 1939 World's Fair
- Research Library, 23 West 26th Street, New York
- Hecht Co Department Store, Ballston, Virginia
- Stratigakos, Despina. "Reconstructing a Lost History: Exiled Jewish Women Architects in America." in Aufbau (The Transatlantic Jewish Paper), Vol. LXVIII, No. 22, p. 14. October 31, 2002.
- Stern, Robert A.M., Thomas Mellins and David Fishman. New York 1960: Architecture and Urbanism Between the Second World War and the Bicentennial. New York: The Monacelli Press, 1995.
- Torre, Susana. Women in American Architecture: A Historic and Contemporary Perspective. New York: Whitney Library of Design, 1977.
- Gagnon, Lisa. "Women In Architecture Celebrated During Wikipedia Edit-a-thon". School of Architecture and Planning University at Buffalo. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- Meyer-Maril, Edina. "Architects in Palestine: 1920-1948". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- Pioneering Women: Elsa Gidoni-Mandelstamm
- "Unfurling the Canvas". Haaretz. 2008-11-27. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
- "Architects in Palestine: 1920-1948 | Jewish Women's Archive". jwa.org. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
- "Building on the Past". National Women's History Museum. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
- "Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display (Getty Research)". www.getty.edu. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
- "Gidoni [née Mandelstamm], Elsa | Grove Art". doi:10.1093/gao/9781884446054.001.0001/oao-9781884446054-e-7002271571 (inactive 2019-12-08). Retrieved 2018-11-13.
- Stratigakos, Despina. "Building on the Past: A History of Women in Architecture". Beverly Willis Architecture Foundation. Archived from the original on 7 September 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
- "Elsa Gidoni (1901-1978)". The AIA Historical Directory of American Architects Wiki Pages: ahd1015844. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
- Ennis, Thomas W. (March 13, 1960). "Women Gain Role in Architecture". The New York Times. ProQuest 115037462.
- "Obituary 5". The New York Times. April 21, 1978. ProQuest 123739203.
- Café Galina at Levant Fair, Tel Aviv, 1934, designed by Elsa Gidoni and Genia Averbuch, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C.
- Apartment house, Tel Aviv, 1937, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C.
- Research library, 23 West 26th Street, New York, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C.
- Architectural drawings for a department store ("Hecht Co."), Ballston, Virginia, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C.