Elsa Kazi

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Elsa Kazi
Mrs Elsa Kazi.jpg
Elsa Kazi in later years
Born Gertrude Loesch
(1884-10-03)3 October 1884
Rudel Stadt, Germany
Died 3 October 1967 (aged 82–83)
Spouse(s) Allama I.I. Qazi[1]
(m. 1910; wid. 1967)

Elsa Kazi (1884–1967), commonly known as "Mother EIsa", particularly in the Sindh province of Pakistan was a German writer of one-act plays, short stories, novels and history, and a poet.[citation needed] She was also a composer and a musician of considerable achievement, involved in virtually every conspicuous branch of fine arts.[citation needed] Her paintings are often seen in many distinguished family homes.[citation needed]

Although not well conversant with the Sindhi language, she yet managed to come with some of the best translations of selected verses of Shah Abdul Latif into English with the support of her husband, Allama I. I. Kazi. She successfully couched the substance of those verses in a poetical setting which, in musical terms, reflects the original Sindhi metrical structure and expression in which Latif had cast them. Her translation of Shah Abdul Latif's poetry is considered by many to be the best so far in the English language. [2] [3][4][5] Her works have been the subject of several doctoral theses.[6] She is also famous for her stories for children.[7] Furthermore, the University of Washington Libraries has rated one of her works "Temptation: a drama of Sind country life in three acts" published in 1942 and "Aeolian: notes of an overstrung lyre" published in 1920 amongst the best South Asian literature that emerged prior to the Partition of India in 1947.[8]

Short biography[edit]

Born Gertrude Loesch in Rudel Stadt, a small village in Germany, in the house of a musician who ultimately migrated to London, she assumed the name of Elsa after marriage.[citation needed] Her father the late Mr Elderman was a prosperous German having property in London that was destroyed during World War II.[citation needed] After the war, compensation was paid to her for the same.

It was in London that she met the philosopher from Sindh, British India Allama I. I. Kazi by sheer chance. It so happened that Mr. Kazi, having arrived at the railway station while the train had already started moving, managed to board in the last compartment which was empty, except for a solitary young lady occupying a corner quarter. Reared in a traditional family background, Mr Kazi felt very shy and embarrassed and kept standing near the door with his back to the lady. Elsa was amazed, astonished and amused to meet a man who would not take a seat despite her repeated offers, and would only repeat apologies. For such a man, she sought his address and thus developed a lifelong association.[citation needed] The couple was married in Germany in 1910.[citation needed]

The couple lived in London from 1911 to 1919, and occasionally made short visits to Sindh. Altogether, the couple spent 30 years of life in England, during which they remained engaged in research, tracing the evolution of religion through the ages up to the advent of Islam. Both of them contributed numerous essays, articles and addresses in various vital branches of modern knowledge, besides preaching Islam under the aegis of Jamiatul Muslimeen. In 1919, the couple returned to Sindh, and Allama Kazi first entered the judiciary as Chief Justice of the Khairpur State.[citation needed] Owing to certain differences with His Highness Mir Ali Nawaz of Khairpur, in addition to his dissatisfaction with the British policy towards the States, he resigned after a two-year stay, and the couple left for London.[citation needed]

The couple continued to propagate Islam in London till April 1951,[citation needed] when Allama Kazi accepted the office of Vice Chancellor of the University of Sindh.[citation needed] He resigned from this office after eight years, and thereafter the couple led a retired life at Hyderabad, Sindh at the residence of Ahmed Mohammad Kazi, an advocate of the Supreme Court of Pakistan and Principal of the Sindh Law College.[citation needed] In 1967, Elsa was suddenly taken seriously ill with a renal problem, and died at the age of 83. She had no children of her own, but all the university students and all the residents of Sindh call her Mother Elsa. Furthermore, several girls' hostels and other buildings in the university district of Jamshoro created at the instance of her husband, are named after her. She now lies buried along with Allama I. I. Kazi in the New Campus of Sindh University in Jamshoro, Hyderabad.[citation needed]

The tombstone of Mother Elsa Kazi

Her work[edit]

She saw a green and shadowy tree in Sindh, and she inquired its name and wrote a poem The Neem Tree on it. [9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kazi, Ghulam Nabi. "A letter from Elsa Kazi to her husband Allama II Qazi on 20 April 1950". 
  2. ^ "I.I. Kazi remembered". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  3. ^ Kazi, Elsa. "Shah jo Risalo". scribd.com. 
  4. ^ Madam Elsa Kazi. "Indus Valley Civilization: Poetry of Great Sufi saint Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai Translated in English.". indusvalleycivilizationf.blogspot.com. 
  5. ^ Kazi, Elsa. "Risalo of Shah Abdul Latif translated". Academy of the Punjab in North America. 
  6. ^ "A study of the mystic element in the English poetry of Elsa Kazi". eprints.hec.gov.pk. 
  7. ^ "The Neem tree". usingenglish.com. 
  8. ^ "South Asian Literature in English, pre-Independence era". lib.washington.edu. Archived from the original on 2009-06-15. 
  9. ^ "THE NEEM TREE". mynoteslibrary.com. Retrieved 21 May 2016.