Elsmore, Kansas

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Elsmore, Kansas
City
Location within Allen County and Kansas
Location within Allen County and Kansas
Coordinates: 37°47′39″N 95°8′58″W / 37.79417°N 95.14944°W / 37.79417; -95.14944Coordinates: 37°47′39″N 95°8′58″W / 37.79417°N 95.14944°W / 37.79417; -95.14944
Country United States
State Kansas
County Allen
Township Elsmore
Incorporated 1909
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
Area[1]
 • Total 0.15 sq mi (0.39 km2)
 • Land 0.15 sq mi (0.39 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,053 ft (321 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 77
 • Estimate (2015)[3] 73
 • Density 510/sq mi (200/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66732
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-20875 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0474737 [5]
Website City Website

Elsmore is a city situated in the southeastern part of Allen County, located in southeast Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 77.[6] Elsmore is a corruption of Elsinore, where Shakespeare's play Hamlet was set.[7]

History[edit]

The old town of Elsmore, which for several years was the center of attraction for the citizens of Elsmore Township, was located farther west, not far from Big Creek. On August 25, 1888, after the route of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas R.R. from Kansas City to Parsons had been definitely settled, N.L. Ard, J.L. Roberts, J.A. Nicholson, W.D. and H.W. Cox, and O.P. Mattson purchased 20 acres (81,000 m2) where the present town of Elsmore stands, and platted the town. It soon became a popular trading center and shipping point for that section of the county, and in 1909 was incorporated. In 1910 it reported a population of 216 and had a money order post office (first opened in November 1866[8]) with two rural delivery routes, a bank, several good stores, some small manufacturing enterprises, telegraph and express facilities.[9]

Geography[edit]

Elsmore is located at 37°47′39″N 95°8′58″W / 37.79417°N 95.14944°W / 37.79417; -95.14944 (37.794222, -95.149458),[10] in Section 7, Township 26 south, Range 21 east. Elsmore is situated in the southeastern part of the county in Elsmore Township, some 15 miles (24 km) southeast of the city of Iola (the county seat). U.S. Route 59 passes west of the city, and K-203 is a short connector (less than a mile) between US-59 and the city. The small city of Savonburg lies about 3 miles (4.8 km) to the south, and the larger city of Moran is about nine miles (14 km) to the north (along US-59).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.15 square miles (0.39 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 216
1920 237 9.7%
1930 203 −14.3%
1940 180 −11.3%
1950 152 −15.6%
1960 128 −15.8%
1970 116 −9.4%
1980 104 −10.3%
1990 91 −12.5%
2000 73 −19.8%
2010 77 5.5%
Est. 2015 73 [3] −5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 77 people, 35 households, and 22 families residing in the city. The population density was 513.3 inhabitants per square mile (198.2/km2). There were 47 housing units at an average density of 313.3 per square mile (121.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.0% White.

There were 35 households of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.1% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.68.

The median age in the city was 47.8 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.5% were from 25 to 44; 23.4% were from 45 to 64; and 29.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[4] there were 73 people, 35 households, and 21 families residing in the city. The population density was 476.3 people per square mile (187.9/km²). There were 43 housing units at an average density of 280.5 per square mile (110.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.89% White, 2.74% Native American, and 1.37% from two or more races.

There were 35 households out of which 11.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 2.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.43.

In the city, the population was spread out with 15.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 30.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 52 years. For every 100 females there were 143.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 138.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,375, and the median income for a family was $33,750. Males had a median income of $30,417 versus $20,625 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,600. There were 16.7% of families and 11.9% of the population living below the poverty line, including 50.0% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.

Education[edit]

Elsmore is a part of USD 256 Marmaton Valley Schools. The district high school is Marmaton Valley High School located in Moran. Marmaton Valley High School mascot is Wildcats.[12]

Elsmore schools were closed through school unification. The Elsmore High School mascot was Elsmore Dragons.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved April 6, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Profile for Elsmore, Kansas". ePodunk. Retrieved 29 June 2014. 
  8. ^ "Kansas Post Offices Database". Kansas State Historical Society. Retrieved 2007-12-15.  Containing information taken from Baughman, Robert W. Kansas Post Offices, May 29, 1828–August 3, 1961. Kansas Postal History Society. 
  9. ^ Frank W. Blackmar, ed. (1912). "Elsmore". Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history, embracing events, institutions, industries, counties, cities, towns, prominent persons, etc ... I. Chicago: Standard Pub Co. pp. 584–585. Archived from the original on 2005-01-21. Retrieved 2007-11-10. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "KDOT County Maps". 1999. Retrieved 2007-12-15. 
  12. ^ "Marmaton Valley Schools". USD 256. Retrieved 6 January 2017. 
  13. ^ "Elsmore Routes Altoona", The Iola Register, 5 November 1964, p.8.

Further reading[edit]

County

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Maps