Elswick, Lancashire

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Elswick
Elswick Memorial Church - geograph.org.uk - 1528395.jpg
United Reformed Church
Elswick is located in Lancashire
Elswick
Elswick
 Elswick shown within Lancashire
Population 1,079 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SD4238
District Fylde
Shire county Lancashire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PRESTON
Postcode district PR4
Dialling code 01995
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Fylde
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire

Coordinates: 53°50′20″N 2°52′48″W / 53.839°N 2.880°W / 53.839; -2.880

Elswick is a rural village and civil parish in the English county of Lancashire, situated on the coastal plain called the Fylde. At the 2001 United Kingdom census, the parish had a population of 1,057, increasing to 1,079 at the 2011 Census.[1] At the time of the Norman conquest of England in 1066, Elswick was a small agricultural community in the hundred of Amounderness. The village was originally part of the ecclesiastical parish of St Michael's on Wyre. A Nonconformist chapel was built in Elswick before 1650.

Elswick is part of the local government district of Fylde and is in the parliamentary constituency of Fylde. It lies approximately 8.5 miles (14 km) east of Blackpool, and about 12 miles (19 km) north-west of Preston.

History[edit]

Elswick was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Edeleswic. In later documents it was recorded variously as Etleswhic, Etheliswyck and Elleswyk.[2] At the time of the Norman conquest of England in 1066, the township of Elswick—as part of the ancient hundred of Amounderness—was in the possession of Earl Tostig, the brother of King Harold II.[3] Tostig died at the Battle of Stamford Bridge and his lands were subsequently taken over by the Normans. Between 1069 and 1086 William the Conqueror gave Amounderness to Anglo-Norman baron Roger the Poitevin.[4] In the Domesday Book, the area of Elswick was estimated at three carucates of land.[2]

In the 13th century, part of the township of Elswick was owned by the lord of Freckleton, and smaller parts by Warine de Whittingham and Alan de Singleton.[2] In the early 16th century, Henry VII's administrator Edmund Dudley held the township and it was later in the possession of Thomas Stanley, 2nd Earl of Derby.[5]

Elswick was part of the Ecclesiastical parish of St Michael's on Wyre and Elswick's villagers would have worshipped at St Michael's Church, approximately 5 miles (8 km) away.[5][6] By 1650 a chapel had been built in the village which at that point was recorded as containing 50 families.[5] It was intended to be a chapel of ease to St Michael's but was neither endowed nor consecrated, possibly because of the turmoil of the English Civil War.[7] The chapel was licensed in 1671 for use as a Nonconformists' meeting place and used initially by Presbyterian worshippers.[8] When this license was made illegal, the chapel closed and later reopened as a Congregational chapel. In 1753, it was replaced by a new building, which was enlarged in 1838. This in turn was replaced by a chapel built 1873–74 by H. J. Powell, on land given by a Miss Harrison.[9][10]

In 1902, a sanatorium for smallpox sufferers was built in the village. It was later a treatment centre for tuberculosis patients and then a probation hostel.[11]

Governance[edit]

Elswick is governed locally by a parish council, which is made up of seven elected councillors.[12] Elswick, with the parish of Little Eccleston with Larbreck, forms the ward of Elswick and Little Eccleston, which elects one councillor.The population of this ward at the 2011 Census was 1,479.[13] As of 2011, the ward is represented by Paul Hayhurst, a non-aligned councillor.[14]

The village is represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom as part of the constituency of Fylde. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. Since the 2010 general election, Fylde has been represented at Parliament by Conservative MP Mark Menzies. The village is also part of the North West England constituency of the European Parliament.

Geography[edit]

At 53°50′20″N 2°52′50″W / 53.83889°N 2.88056°W / 53.83889; -2.88056 (53.839°, −2.880°), and approximately 240 miles (390 km) north-west of London, Elswick lies on a coastal plain called the Fylde. It is approximately 8.5 miles (14 km) east of the seaside resort of Blackpool, approximately 7 miles (11 km) south-east of Poulton-le-Fylde and about 12 miles (19 km) north-west of its post town, Preston. Nearby villages include Great Eccleston, St Michael's on Wyre and Thistleton.

Elswick has a generally temperate maritime climate like much of the British Isles, with cool summers and mild winters. In nearby Blackpool, there is an annual average rainfall of 871.3 millimetres (34.30 in).[15]

Climate data for Blackpool (1971–2000 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
7.1
(44.8)
9.1
(48.4)
11.6
(52.9)
15.2
(59.4)
17.3
(63.1)
19.4
(66.9)
19.4
(66.9)
17.0
(62.6)
13.7
(56.7)
9.8
(49.6)
7.6
(45.7)
12.9
(55.2)
Average low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
1.6
(34.9)
3.1
(37.6)
4.2
(39.6)
6.9
(44.4)
10.0
(50)
12.4
(54.3)
12.3
(54.1)
10.2
(50.4)
7.3
(45.1)
4.3
(39.7)
2.5
(36.5)
6.4
(43.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 81.1
(3.193)
58.7
(2.311)
68.3
(2.689)
48.9
(1.925)
49.0
(1.929)
59.8
(2.354)
59.5
(2.343)
73.4
(2.89)
82.5
(3.248)
97.9
(3.854)
94.0
(3.701)
58.3
(2.295)
871.3
(34.303)
Source: Met Office

Demography[edit]

At the 2001 UK census, the civil parish of Elswick had a population of 1,057.[16] The 2001 population density for the ward of Elswick and Little Eccleston was 1.61 per hectare, with a 100 to 96.8 female-to-male ratio.[17] The proportion of residents who classified themselves as White was 99.5%, a figure higher than those for Fylde (98.6%), the North West (94.4%) and England (90.9%).[18]

Elswick and Little Eccleston's 573 households included 21.5% one-person, 52.7% married couples living together (with or without children), 6.5% co-habiting couples, and 4.9% single parents with their children.[19]

Population change[edit]

Population growth in Elswick since 1801
Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001
Population 232 256 290 327 303 307 290 254 242 223 227 230 374 417 457 465 1,057
Sources: [5][20][21]

Economy[edit]

Elswick and Little Eccleston Ward compared
2001 UK census[22] Elswick and Little Eccleston North West England
Population of working age 1,070 4,839,669 35,532,091
Full-time employment 38.5% 38.8% 40.8%
Part-time employment 12.7% 11.9% 11.8%
Self-employed 15.4% 7.1% 8.3%
Unemployed 2.1% 3.6% 3.4%
Retired 14.4% 14.1% 13.5%

Historically, Elswick has largely been a rural agricultural community.[11] In the 11th century it had the largest amount of cultivated land in the parish of St Michael.[23] There was also a cottage weaving industry in the village up to the 19th century with villagers weaving flax and then cotton on hand looms.[11] In the 21st century, Elswick is a dormitory village and many residents commute to Preston, Blackpool and Poulton-le-Fylde.[24][25] The average distance travelled to work for the ward of Elswick and Little Eccleston is approximately 12.4 miles (20.0 km).[26]

In 2001, compared to the rest of the Fylde borough, Elswick had a low proportion of unemployed people, and a low proportion of people in NRS social grade "E" (those at the lowest levels of subsistence).[27] The percentage of unemployed people in the Elswick and Little Eccleston ward was lower than the averages for North West England and England as a whole, although slightly higher than the average for Fylde.[22] There is a higher percentage of self-employed workers in Elswick and Little Eccleston than in Fylde, North West England and England as a whole.[22]

Landmarks[edit]

Old chapel, built 1753

The Congregational chapel of 1753 is now used as a church hall. It is a roughcast building on a rectangular plan with a two-storey house attached. The old chapel has been designated a Grade II listed building by English Heritage.[28] The newer chapel, completed in 1874, is in the style of a traditional parish church with a tower.[9] It is now a United Reformed church.[24]

Elswick Manor is an early 19th-century house.[29] It is rendered and has slate roofs.[9] It has also received a Grade II designation.[29] Hartwell and Pevsner (2009) describe the building as "nothing special".[9] Other listed buildings in Elswick include the lodge to the manor house and farm buildings.

The village has two pubs—the Ship Inn and the Boot and Shoe.[24] The village is known locally for its ice cream parlour, Bonds of Elswick.[24]

Transport[edit]

The railway came to the Fylde in 1840.[30] There is no route through Elswick; the nearest railway stations to the village are Poulton-le-Fylde and Kirkham and Wesham, both on the line between Blackpool and Preston. Elswick lies west of the M6 motorway and is linked to it by the M55 motorway approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) away at Greenhalgh and by the B5269 road via Broughton.

Elswick's nearest international airport—approximately 6.5 miles (10.5 km) away—was Blackpool International Airport which had an annual capacity of 350,000 passengers.[31] This airport has been closed for commercial use. The North West region is also served by the larger Liverpool John Lennon Airport and Manchester Airport.[32]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c "Townships — Elswick" in Farrer & Brownbill, pp. 282–284
  3. ^ "Amounderness hundred" in Farrer & Brownbill, pp. 68–71
  4. ^ Gooderson, p. 36
  5. ^ a b c d Porter, p. 471
  6. ^ "The Parish of St Michael-on-Wyre" in Farrer & Brownbill, pp. 260–267
  7. ^ Fishwick, pp. 127–128
  8. ^ Fishwick, p. 128
  9. ^ a b c d Hartwell, p. 286
  10. ^ Fishwick, p. 132
  11. ^ a b c Lancashire Federation of Women's Institutes, pp, 78–79
  12. ^ "Who's Who", elswickparishcouncil.gov.uk (Elswick Parish Council), 2008, retrieved 4 July 2011 
  13. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "Elswick and Little Eccleston", fylde.gov.uk (Fylde Borough Council), retrieved 6 July 2011 
  15. ^ "Blackpool 1971–2000 Averages", official website (Met Office), retrieved 4 July 2011 
  16. ^ "Parish Headcounts", Neighbourhood Statistics (Office for National Statistics), retrieved 7 July 2011 
  17. ^ "Area: Elswick and Little Eccleston (Ward) — Key Figures for 2001 Census: Census Area Statistics", Neighbourhood Statistics (Office for National Statistics), retrieved 7 July 2011 
  18. ^ "Area: Elswick and Little Eccleston (Ward) — Ethnic Group (UV09)", Neighbourhood Statistics (Office for National Statistics), retrieved 7 July 2011 
  19. ^ "Area: Elswick and Little Eccleston (Ward) — Household Composition — Households (UV65)", Neighbourhood Statistics (Office for National Statistics), retrieved 7 July 2011 
  20. ^ "Elswick CP/Tn Population", A Vision of Britain through Time (Great Britain Historical GIS), retrieved 16 July 2011 
  21. ^ "Elswick Village History", elswickparishcouncil.gov.uk (Elswick Parish Council), 2008, retrieved 16 July 2011 
  22. ^ a b c "Economic Activity — All People (KS09A)", Neighbourhood Statistics (Office for National Statistics), retrieved 7 July 2011 
  23. ^ Fishwick, p. 20
  24. ^ a b c d "About Elswick", elswickparishcouncil.gov.uk (Elswick Parish Council), 2008, retrieved 4 July 2011 
  25. ^ "Elswick Parish Council — Welcome", elswickparishcouncil.gov.uk (Elswick Parish Council), 2008, retrieved 17 July 2011 
  26. ^ "Travel to Work (KS15)", Neighbourhood Statistics (Office for National Statistics), retrieved 7 July 2011 
  27. ^ Spatial Portrait of Fylde (PDF), Fylde Borough Council, pp. 8–9, retrieved 7 July 2011 
  28. ^ "Old Congregational Chapel", National Heritage List for England (English Heritage), retrieved 4 July 2011 
  29. ^ a b "Elswick Manor", National Heritage List for England (English Heritage), retrieved 4 July 2011 
  30. ^ Porter, p. 82
  31. ^ "Airports — Blackpool Airport", Wyre Borough Council Online (Wyre Borough Council), retrieved 5 August 2011 
  32. ^ "Public Transport — Airports", Wyre Borough Council Online (Wyre Borough Council), retrieved 5 August 2011 
Bibliography

External links[edit]