Aerial photo of Eltham from the south-east
|• Density||1,387/km2 (3,593/sq mi)|
|Area||13.2 km2 (5.1 sq mi)|
|Location||20 km (12 mi) from Melbourne|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Nillumbik|
Eltham ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 20 km north-east of Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government area is the Shire of Nillumbik. At the 2016 Census, Eltham had a population of 18,314.
Eltham is one of the 'green wedge' areas that provide relatively undeveloped, accessible environments within the Melbourne suburban region. These green wedge areas are under constant pressure from developments such as road and freeway expansions, but Eltham has managed to retain many tree-lined streets and leafy reserves. However, the character of the suburb is changing rapidly, with increased road traffic and higher-density housing becoming more common.
A reserve for a village at the junction of the Diamond Creek and Yarra River is shown on maps around 1848. By 1851 the first Crown allotments were being subdivided and sold, along with a private subdivision developed by T. M. Holloway, known as Little Eltham. At this time, the town's centre was located around the intersection of Pitt Street and Main Road.
Eltham Post Office opened on 1 February 1854.
The arrival of the railway line in 1902 drew business further north along Main Road to the current town centre.
Appeal to artists
Eltham encompasses the state secondary school, Eltham High School, as well as a private girls secondary school, Catholic Ladies College, Eltham. Another private secondary school, Eltham College of Education, takes its name from Eltham, but is located in nearby Research. Primary schools include Eltham Primary, Our Lady Help Of Christians Primary, Eltham East Primary and Eltham North Primary School. There are various childcare and early learning centres available. Several schools are also located in the exclusive connecting area of Eltham North, including St. Helena Secondary College, Plenty Valley International Montessori School, Holy Trinity Primary School, Glen Katherine Primary School and near Eltham College there is Research Primary.
Eltham also has local buses, that go up to Warrandyte and Diamond Creek, one also goes around the back streets of Eltham.
The suburb is home to the Eltham Wildcats Basketball Club, Eltham Eagles Soccer Club, Eltham Redbacks Soccer Club and Eltham Cricket Club.
Eltham Old Collegians Football Club competing in the VAFA
Eltham Football Club, known as the Panthers is an Australian Rules Club competing in the Northern Football League. Eltham Rugby Union Football Club is centrally located in Bridge St with teams for all groups including Masters.
The suburb is home to the Eltham Tennis Club, one of the largest tennis clubs in the Nillumbik Shire.
Eltham Little Athletics Club is one of the largest of the eight clubs competing weekly at the Diamond Valley Little Athletics Centre at Willinda Park, Greensborough.
Eltham is home to the Eltham Bowling Club. The club has both grass and synthetic greens.
Eltham Netball club
Historic Trestle Bridge
Eltham is home to a historic wooden railway trestle bridge. The bridge was built in 1902 and is the only wooden trestle bridge still in use in Melbourne's electric railway network. It is also one of few wooden trestle bridges in use in Victoria 
Eltham Library is operated by Yarra Plenty Regional Library
- Kerry Armstrong - actor
- Emily Browning - actor
- Tim Burstall - film director
- Cadel Evans - cyclist
- Peter Helliar - comedian
- Phil Judd - musician and artist. Founder of Split Enz and The Swingers. Wrote the #1 hit "Counting The Beat"
- Alistair Knox - house builder and landscape architect
- Joel Stuart - Secret agent
- Percy Leason - Political cartoonist and artist
- Alan Marshall - author
- Ben Mendelsohn - actor
- Peter Moore - Australian rules footballer won two Brownlow Medals
- Adam Simpson - former captain of the Kangaroos Australian rules football club
- Nicholas Thuys - Photographer
- Terry Wallace - former AFL coach, Richmond Football Club
- Merrick Watts - comedian
- Wilbur Wilde - musician, television personality
- Emma Carney - Multiple World Champion Triathlete, Sport Australia Hall of Fame Member, World Triathlon Hall of Fame, Triathlon Australia Hall of Fame. Athletics Australia Member #700.
- Eltham copper, a subspecies of butterfly particular to, and named after Eltham
- Shire of Diamond Valley - Parts of Eltham were previously within this former local government area.
- Shire of Eltham - Parts of Eltham were previously within this former local government area.
- Eltham District Historical Society
- Eltham Cemetery
- Eltham Little Theartre
- Eltham Concert Band
- Diamond Valley Miniature Railway
- Victorian Places : Eltham and Eltham Shire
- Flickr: Eltham Views
- St Margaret's Anglican Church
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Eltham (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2017-07-03.
- Traffic choking Eltham because of infrastructure neglect Graeme Hammond From: Sunday Herald Sun 9 July 2010
- Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008
- Full Points Footy, Eltham, archived from the original on 20 April 2009, retrieved 15 April 2009