Eltham (UK Parliament constituency)

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Eltham
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Eltham in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 64,474 (June 2017)[1][2]
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of parliament Clive Efford (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Woolwich West
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Eltham /ɛltəm/ is a constituency created in 1983 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Clive Efford of the Labour Party.[n 1]

Since 2010, it has been a marginally-held Labour seat. It approximately covers the southern half of the Royal Borough of Greenwich in London.[3][4]

Boundaries[edit]

1983-1997: The London Borough of Greenwich wards of Avery Hill, Coldharbour, Deansfield, Eltham Park, Herbert, Middle Park, New Eltham, Nightingale, Palace, Sherard, Sutcliffe, Tarn, and Well Hall.

1997-2010: As above less Nightingale, plus Plumstead Common, Shrewsbury, and Slade.

2010–present: The London Borough of Greenwich wards of Coldharbour and New Eltham, Eltham North, Eltham South, Eltham West, Kidbrooke with Hornfair, Middle Park and Sutcliffe, and Shooters Hill.

The constituency is in the Royal Borough of Greenwich in south-east London. Before 1983, a constituency with similar boundaries was called Woolwich West.

The seat is bordered by the constituencies of:

Constituency profile[edit]

Eltham itself has a short, winding and typical high street, which is bypassed by a largely grade-segregated arterial road (the A2 (lined with narrow buffer areas). Most central and southern wards have tended in local elections since 1997 to elect Conservative councillors whereas the other wards are inclined to Labour such as West Eltham. The former areas have more owner-occupied houses and are more middle-class. Labour has fared well in the same period in the northern areas of the constituency towards Greenwich, and in areas such as Shooters Hill and Well Hall with the exception of the conservation area parts of Blackheath adding to one ward.[5]

History[edit]

Summary of results

The 2015 result gave the seat the 28th-smallest majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[6]

The seat was held by high-profile Tory Peter Bottomley from its inception in 1983. Bottomley had been the MP for abolished Woolwich West before 1983. Labour's Clive Efford gained the seat in 1997, the first Eltham election in which Bottomley did not stand. After a further absolute majority in 2001, Efford's majority decreased in 2005; he resisted some national swing against the party in 2010 to hold the seat.

Opposition since 1997

Conservative and UKIP candidates won more than 5% of the vote in 2015 therefore kept their deposits. Conservative Drury fell 6.2% short of winning the seat in 2015; in 2017, however, Efford more than doubled his margin to 6,296, Labour's largest majority in the seat since 1997.

First use of open primaries in London

The Eltham Conservative Association became the first in London to select a prospective parliamentary candidate by means of an open primary election, where any voter on the electoral roll was entitled to attend and vote. David Gold (PPC Brighton Pavilion 2001) defeated Jackie Doyle-Price (PPC Sheffield Hillsborough 2005) and Eric Ollerenshaw (former London Assembly member), by winning more than 50% of the ballot in the first round at a meeting chaired by Michael Portillo on 31 July 2006 at the Bob Hope Theatre. Approximately 140 people attended the open primary.[7][8]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[9] Party
1983 Peter Bottomley Conservative
1997 Clive Efford Labour

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Eltham[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Clive Efford 25,128 54.4 +11.8
Conservative Matt Hartley 18,832 40.8 +4.4
Liberal Democrat David Hall-Matthews 1,457 3.2 +0.2
BNP John Clarke 738 1.6 N/A
Majority 6,296 13.6 +7.4
Turnout 46,155 71.6 +4.2
Labour hold Swing +3.7
General Election 2015: Eltham[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Clive Efford 18,393 42.6 +1.1
Conservative Spencer Drury 15,700 36.4 −1.2
UKIP Peter Whittle 6,481 15.0 +12.6
Liberal Democrat Alex Cunliffe 1,308 3.0 −9.6
Green James Parker 1,275 3.0 +2.0
Majority 2,693 6.2 +2.2
Turnout 43,157 67.4 +0.4
Labour hold Swing +1.2
General Election 2010: Eltham[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Clive Efford 17,416 41.5 -0.7
Conservative David Gold 15,753 37.5 +2.9
Liberal Democrat Steven Toole 5,299 12.6 −4.7
BNP Roberta Woods 1,745 4.2 +1.6
UKIP Ray Adams 1,011 2.4 -0.4
Green Arthur Hayles 419 1.0 N/A
English Democrat Mike Tibby 217 0.5 N/A
Independent Andrew Graham 104 0.2 −0.2
Majority 1,663 4.0 -5.3
Turnout 41,964 67.0 +8.6
Labour hold Swing -1.8

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Eltham[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Clive Efford 15,381 43.6 -9.2
Conservative Spencer Drury 12,105 34.3 +2.2
Liberal Democrat Ian Gerrard 5,669 16.1 +3.9
UKIP Jeremy Elms 1,024 2.9 +0.8
BNP Barry Roberts 979 2.8 N/A
Independent Andrew Graham 147 0.4 −0.3
Majority 3,276 9.3 -11.4
Turnout 35,305 61.7 +3.0
Labour hold Swing -5.7
General Election 2001: Eltham[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Clive Efford 17,855 52.8 -1.8
Conservative Sharon Massey 10,859 32.1 +0.9
Liberal Democrat Martin Morris 4,121 12.2 +3.7
UKIP Terrence Jones 706 2.1 N/A
Independent Andrew Graham 251 0.7 N/A
Majority 6,996 20.7 -5.3
Turnout 41,964 67.0 +8.6
Labour hold Swing -1.8

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Eltham[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Clive Efford 23,710 54.6 +12.7
Conservative Clive D Blackwood 13,528 31.2 -14.8
Liberal Democrat Amanda J Taylor 3,701 8.5 −3.2
Referendum Matthew D Clark 1,414 3.3 N/A
Liberal Henry Middleton 584 1.3 N/A
BNP William A Hitches 491 1.1 N/A
Majority 10,182 23.4 N/A
Turnout 43,428 75.7 -3.0
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1992: Eltham[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Bottomley 18,813 46.0 −1.5
Labour Clive Efford 17,147 41.9 +9.9
Liberal Democrat Christopher P. McGinty 4,804 11.7 −8.8
Independent Andrew Graham 165 0.4 N/A
Majority 1,666 4.1 −11.5
Turnout 40,929 78.7 +1.78
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Eltham[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Bottomley 19,752 47.5 −0.4
Labour Rees Vaughan 13,292 32.0 +2.7
Liberal Edward Randall 8,542 20.5 −1.7
Majority 6,460 15.53 -3.07
Turnout 41,586 76.92 +2.82
Conservative hold Swing -1.6
General Election 1983: Eltham[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Bottomley 19,530 47.9 N/A
Labour C.P. Moore 11,938 29.3 N/A
Liberal Edward Randall 9,030 22.2 N/A
BNP PT Banks 276 0.7 N/A
Majority 7,592 18.6 N/A
Turnout 40,774 74.1 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ As with all constituencies, Eltham elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ http://www.royalgreenwich.gov.uk/download/downloads/id/3455/eltham_constituency_results
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  3. ^ UK Polling Report.co.uk 2015
  4. ^ The Almanac of British Politics, p407
  5. ^ 2001 results: Eltham BBC News.
  6. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  7. ^ "Final three for Eltham" Conservative Home (blog)
  8. ^ "David Gold selected for Eltham" Conservative Home (blog)
  9. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 2)
  10. ^ "Eltham parliamentary constituency". BBC News. 
  11. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  12. ^ http://www.royalgreenwich.gov.uk/elections2015results
  13. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  14. ^ BBC News | Election 2010 | Constituency | Eltham
  15. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°27′22″N 0°03′43″E / 51.456°N 0.062°E / 51.456; 0.062