|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2013)|
Eltville am Rhein
|• Mayor||Patrick Kunkel (CDU)|
|• Total||46.77 km2 (18.06 sq mi)|
|• Density||360/km2 (930/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Eltville am Rhein (German pronunciation: [ˈɛltvɪlə], from Alta Villa, Latin for "high estate, high town", corrupted to Eldeville, Elfeld and later Eltville) is a town in the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis in the Regierungsbezirk of Darmstadt in Hesse, Germany. It lies on the German Timber-Frame Road (Fachwerkstraße).
Eltville is the biggest town in the Rheingau. It bears the nicknames Weinstadt, Sektstadt, Rosenstadt and since 2006 also Gutenbergstadt. Some of Germany's most famous vineyards (Steinberg, Rauenthaler Baiken, Erbacher Marcobrunn) are found within Eltville's municipal limits.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Politics
- 4 Culture and sightseeing
- 5 Economy and infrastructure
- 6 Notable people
- 7 Photo gallery
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Eltville borders in the north on the municipalities of Schlangenbad and Kiedrich, in the east on the district-free city of Wiesbaden and the municipality of Walluf, in the south – separated by the Rhine – on the municipalities of Budenheim und Heidesheim and the town of Ingelheim (all three in Mainz-Bingen in Rhineland-Palatinate) and in the west on the town of Oestrich-Winkel.
Eltville am Rhein as a municipality consists of five Stadtteile:
All of them have the status as a Ortsbezirk.
The earliest traces of humans settling here go back to the New Stone Age. There has been continuous habitation since the late 4th century. Eltville had its first documentary mention in Vita Bardonis (Bardo's life) from 1058, a biography of Archbishop Bardo of Mainz. In 1329, the archiepiscopal castle and the town wall around Eltville were built. On 23 August 1332, Emperor Louis the Bavarian granted Eltville town rights. With the granting of town rights, Eltville ended up being a pawn in the then ongoing dispute between the Emperor and the Pope. Archbishop Baldwin, one of Emperor Louis's followers and administrator of the Mainz monastery, was the one who asked for Eltville to be raised to town. From 1347 to 1480, Eltville was the residence of the Archbishops of Mainz. From Dietrich Schenk von Erbach, Archbishop of Mainz (1434–1459), the outlying centre of Erbach presumably got its name.
The municipal election held on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results:
|Parties and voter communities|| %
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union||44.0||16||45.5||17|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party||30.1||11||29.2||11|
|GREENS||Bündnis 90/Die Grünen||9.8||4||10.7||4|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||5.0||2||5.2||2|
|Voter turnout in %||54.4||51.3|
The town of Eltville am Rhein maintains partnerships with these places:
- Montrichard, Loir-et-Cher, France
- Arzens, Aude, France
- Passignano sul Trasimeno, Perugia, Umbria, Italy
Culture and sightseeing
- Electoral castle from the 14th century, with a rose garden
- Remains of town fortifications
- timber-frame from the 16th and 18th centuries
- Eberbach Cistercian monastery
- Clos of the Steinberg, Germany's best known clos (small, enclosed vineyard)
- Schloss Reinhartshausen (palace)
- St. Peter's and Paul's parish church from the 14th century
- Pfarrkirche St. Markus (St. Mark's parish church) in Erbach from the 15th century and the Evangelical church in Erbach from the 19th century.
- Kulturkirche Martinsthal (culture church)
- Crass Castle
- Gutenberg-Winter in Eltville – each year in January and February
- Rheingauer Schlemmerwoche (gluttons' week) and Days of Open Wine Cellars with many wine samplings – late April/early May
- Rosentage in Eltville (rose days) – each year on the first weekend in June
- Erdbeerfest in Erbach (strawberry festival) – each year in mid-June
- Sektfest Eltville – each year on the first weekend in July
- Martinsthaler Weinfest – always on the second weekend in July
- Rheingau Musik Festival – International Music Festival, in summer
- Rauenthaler Weinfest – on the second or third weekend in August
- Burghofspiele – in summer
- Kappeskerb/Weinlesefest in Eltville (kermis/wine harvest festival) – each year on the last weekend in October
- Rheingau Pokal ("cup" in taekwondo, fighting) – each year in mid-November
- Musikalischer Winter in Eltville – each year on each Thursday from mid-November to late April
- Christmas Market in the Old Town – on the second weekend in December.
Economy and infrastructure
Economy and tourism
Eltville is touristically developed and well known for its wine and sekt production, which can be sampled at many wineries and Straußwirtschaften (seasonal wine shops). Of particular importance is the Vinothek, which brings together every leading estate's wines so that wine lovers can compare the products. It is the only local Vinothek in the Rheingau and one of few in Germany. Eltville is the headquarters of MM-Sektkellerei (which today belongs to Rotkäppchen-Sekt), Hessische Staatsweingüter Kloster Eberbach (Hessian State Wine Estates of Eberbach Monastery), and Sektmanufaktur Schloss Vaux, as well as the biggest industrial employer in the Rheingau, Jean Müller GmbH Elektrotechnische Fabrik. Eltville is one of Germany's ten "Rosenstädte" (rose towns).
Eltville lies on Bundesstraße 42, which towards the east is built like an Autobahn and near Walluf seamlessly joins the A 66. Eltville station also lies on the East Rhine Railway, which connects Frankfurt and Wiesbaden to Koblenz and Cologne and belongs to the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund. On the Rhine's bank are several landing stages for, among others, the Köln-Düsseldorfer Deutsche Rheinschiffahrt, a well known Rhine passenger ship operator.
- Freiherr-vom-Stein-Schule (primary school in the main town)
- Gutenberg-Schule (Realschule in the main town)
- Gymnasium Eltville (in the main town)
- Sonnenblumenschule (primary school in Erbach)
- Waldbachschule (primary school in Hattenheim)
- Otfried-Preußler-Schule (primary school in Rauenthal)
- Mediathek Eltville (public municipal library)
- Johannes Gutenberg was named on 17 January 1465 a courtly nobleman by the Archbishop and Elector Adolph II of Nassau, who at the time resided in the Electoral castle at Eltville. Presumably under Gutenberg's guidance, the Brothers Bechtermünz founded a small printing shop. This published in 1467 the Vocabularius ex quo, a Latin dictionary. In this workshop, Thomas Aquinas's Summa de articulis fidei (1472) was also reprinted. This made Eltville one of the cradle towns of book printing. In the castle tower, a memorial recalls Gutenberg. Gutenberg's brother, Friele Gensfleisch, lived in Eltville from 1434 until his death in 1447. The Gensfleisch-Haus still stands today right next to the castle.
- Gebeno von Eberbach, clergyman
- Julius Koch (b. 28 February 1912 in Frankfurt; d. 2 July 1991 in Eltville), German drink researcher, oenologist and food chemist.
- Georg Herber (1763–1833 in Eltville), for many years President of the second chamber of The Estates of Duchy of Nassau
Sons and daughters of the town
- Michael Apitz (1965– ), graphic and comic strip artist
- Franz Josef Jung (1949– ), German politician (CDU) and Federal Minister of Defence in the first Merkel cabinet
- Augustinus Kilian (1856–1930 in Limburg an der Lahn) was from 1913 until his death in 1930 Roman Catholic Bishop of the Bishopric of Limburg an der Lahn.
- Heinrich Köppler (1925–1980), German politician (CDU), candidate at the Landtag election in North Rhine-Westphalia, 1980.
- Wilhelm Kreis (1873–1955), architect
- Eduard Kremer (1881–1948), politician
- Ernst Freiherr Langwerth von Simmern (1865–1942), German diplomat, ambassador in Madrid and Imperial commissar for the occupied Rhenish areas in Koblenz
- Ferdinand Wilhelm Emil Roth (1853–1924), historical researcher
- Andreas Scholl (born 1967), countertenor
- Bernhard Schott (1748–1809), music publisher, founded the music publishing house Schott Music in Mainz in 1770
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eltville am Rhein.|
- Official site (German)
- Hattenheim (German)
- Rheingau Daily Photo Blog (German)
- Eltville am Rhein at DMOZ (German)
- Image of Elfeld (today Eltville) from J.F. Dielmann, A. Fay, J. Becker (illustrators): Panorama of the Rhine – View of the right and left bank of the Rhine, Lithographische Anstalt F. C. Vogel, Frankfurt 1833