|Area||6.53 sq mi (17 km2)|
|- land||6.53 sq mi (17 km2)|
|- water||0.00 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||597.6 / sq mi (231 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
Elwood is located at  The nearest major highways are Interstate 80 to the north and Interstate 55 to the west. The former Route 66 highway passes through the village on the east side. According to the 2010 census, Elwood has a total area of 6.53 square miles (16.91 km2), all land.(41.413615, -88.110438).
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,279 people, 880 households, and 630 families residing in the village. The racial makeup of the village was 94.9 percent White, 1.5 percent African American, 0.1 percent Native American, 0.5 percent Asian, 0.06 percent Pacific Islander, 2.2 percent from other races, and 0.8 percent from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 6.3 percent of the population.
There were 880 households out of which 35.2 percent had children under the age of 18 living within, 58.3 percent were husband-wife family living together, 9.2 percent had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4 percent were non-families. 24.1 percent of all households were made up of individuals and 28.4 percent had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the village, the population was spread out with 25.5 percent under the age of 18 and 15.4 percent who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.8 years. 50.8 percent of the populations was female while 49.8 percent was male.
The median income for a household in the village was 78,515 USD, and the median income for a family was 83698 USD. Males had a median income of 68,500 USD versus 38,299 USD for females. The per capita income for the village was 30,223 USD. About 6.5 percent of families and 8.5 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2 percent of those under age 18 and 8.2 percent of those age 65 or over.
Elwood was founded in 1854, and incorporated as a village in 1869. The completion of the Joliet-Bloomington railroad played a major role in the founding of Elwood. By 1900, Elwood was a small farming community with a population of about 400. In the late 1930s, the federal government acquired nearby land for troop training and weapons production, on which site the Joliet Arsenal was built and commenced operation in 1940. Arsenal construction played an important role in the development of Elwood and brought about 175 people into the area. In 1942, a massive explosion at the arsenal killed 42 workers and caused widespread damage. In 1954, the village celebrated its centennial, and 20,000 people gathered to watch the parade. By 1970, Elwood had a population of about 750.
In 1990, the village began to experience more rapid growth. By 1996, Elwood's population rose to nearly 1,423, and is now estimated at 2,300, with development accelerating due to the construction of the CenterPoint Intermodal Center facility. The Northern Illinois Planning Commission estimates that Elwood will have a population of nearly 20,000 by 2030.
The Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie, a prairie reserve operated by the United States Forest Service is located on the site of the former Joliet Army Ammunition Plant near Elwood, Illinois, and was established by federal law in 1996. In 1999, the 982 acre (397 ha) Abraham Lincoln National Cemetery was dedicated in Elwood. When fully completed, it will provide 400,000 burial spaces.
- Wally "Freak" Kozielski, radio personality, syndicated on Mancow's Morning Madhouse; lives in Elwood
- Bill Tuttle, outfielder with the Minnesota Twins, the Detroit Tigers and the Kansas City Athletics; was born and raised in Elwood
Two major fires have taken place in Elwood, the first on August 26, 1995. On that day, the Elwood fire station burned to the ground. On the Tuesday before the fire, the village board voted to not remodel the fire station. On the following Friday, the fire station "ironically" burnt down. Local residents recall that the firemen had "just enough time to get their trucks and belongings out of the station, and then did nothing to stop the fire. They simply watched it burn down."
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Village of Elwood: United States". Geographical Names. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-03.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.