Ely, Nevada

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Ely, Nevada
City
Downtown Ely
Downtown Ely
Location of Ely, Nevada
Location of Ely, Nevada
Ely, Nevada is located in USA
Ely, Nevada
Ely, Nevada
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 39°15′12″N 114°52′38″W / 39.25333°N 114.87722°W / 39.25333; -114.87722Coordinates: 39°15′12″N 114°52′38″W / 39.25333°N 114.87722°W / 39.25333; -114.87722
Country United States
State Nevada
Government
 • Mayor Melody VanCamp
Area
 • Total 7.1 sq mi (18.5 km2)
 • Land 7.1 sq mi (18.5 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 6,437 ft (1,962 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,255
 • Density 600/sq mi (230/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 89301, 89315
Area code(s) 775
FIPS code 32-23500
GNIS feature ID 0859671

Ely (/ˈli/, EE-lee) is the largest city and county seat of White Pine County, Nevada, United States. Ely was founded as a stagecoach station along the Pony Express and Central Overland Route. Ely's mining boom came later than the other towns along US 50, with the discovery of copper in 1906. Though the railroads connecting the First Transcontinental Railroad to the mines in Austin and Eureka have long been removed, the railroad to Ely is preserved as a heritage railway by the Nevada Northern Railway and known as the Ghost Train of Old Ely.[1][2] As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,255.

History[edit]

Ely, 1906

Ely was founded as a stagecoach station along the Pony Express and Central Overland Route. Ely's mining boom came later than the other towns along US 50, with the discovery of copper in 1906. This made Ely a mining town, suffering through the boom-and-bust cycles so common in the West. Originally, Ely was home to a number of copper mining companies, Kennecott being the most famous. With a crash in the copper market in the mid-1970s, Kennecott shut down and copper mining disappeared (temporarily).

The town was first called Ely in 1878 in honor of Smith Ely, president of the Selby Copper Mining and Smelting Company.[3]

With the advent of cyanide heap leaching—a method of extracting gold from what was previously considered very low-grade ore—the next boom was on. Many companies processed the massive piles of "overburden" that had been removed from copper mines, or expanded the existing open-pit mines to extract the gold ore. Gold mines as widespread as the Robinson project near Ruth, and AmSelco's Alligator Ridge mine 65 miles (105 km) from Ely, kept the town alive during the 1980s and 1990s, until the recent revival of copper mining.

As Kennecott's smelter was demolished, copper concentrate from the mine is now shipped by rail to Seattle, where it is transported to Japan for smelting. The dramatic increase in demand for copper in 2005 has once again made Ely a copper boom town.

The now-defunct BHP Nevada Railroad ran from the mining district south of Ruth through Ely to the junction with the Union Pacific at Shafter from 1996–99.

Geography and climate[edit]

Ely is 77 miles (124 km) east of Eureka, Nevada, 153 miles (246 km) west of Delta, Utah, 105 miles (169 km) north of Pioche, Nevada, 139 miles (224 km) south of Wells, Nevada, and 120 miles (190 km) south of West Wendover, Nevada.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.1 square miles (18 km2), all of it land.

Ely experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), and extreme day-night temperature differences year-round. Ely’s nighttime temperatures account for it being listed as one of the coldest places in the contiguous United States, with an average of 217.6 nights per year with a minimum temperature of 32 °F (0 °C) or less,[5] 17.5 nights reaching 0 °F (−17.8 °C) or less, and 23 days where the high does not top freezing.[6] On average, the first and last dates of freezing temperatures are September 6 and June 18, respectively, allowing a growing season of only 79 days. The monthly mean temperature ranges from 25.3 °F (−3.7 °C) in January to 67.8 °F (19.9 °C) in July. High temperatures of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher occur on an average of 25.8 days annually, but, due to the elevation and aridity, the low very rarely manages to stay at or above 60 °F or 16 °C. Extreme temperatures range from 101 °F (38.3 °C) on July 18, 1998 down to −30 °F (−34.4 °C) on February 6, 1989.

On average, annual precipitation is 9.76 inches (248 mm), with 75 days of measurable precipitation annually. The wettest calendar year has been 1897 with 16.16 inches (410.5 mm) and the driest 1974 with 4.22 inches (107.2 mm), though as much as 18.20 inches or 462.3 millimetres fell from July 1982 to June 1983. The most precipitation in one month was 5.52 inches (140.2 mm) in April 1900, and the most in 24 hours was 2.52 inches (64.0 mm) on September 26, 1982. Average annual snowfall is 50.8 inches (1.29 m), while the most snowfall in one month was 42.0 inches (1.07 m) in March 1894,[7] and the greatest depth of snow on the ground 24 inches or 0.61 metres on January 23, 2010 – though data from neighbouring Elko suggest greater depths in the winters of 1889/1890, 1915/1916 and 1931/1932. An average winter will see a maximum snow cover of 9 inches or 0.23 metres, though the severe winter of 1951/1952 had fifty days with snow cover over 10 inches or 0.25 metres. The most snowfall in a season has been 110.4 inches (2.80 m) from July 2010 to June 2011 and the least 12.1 inches (0.31 m) from July 1950 to June 1951.

Climate data for Ely Airport, Ely, Nevada, (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1893–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 68
(20)
67
(19)
76
(24)
83
(28)
95
(35)
99
(37)
101
(38)
97
(36)
93
(34)
86
(30)
78
(26)
68
(20)
101
(38)
Average high °F (°C) 39.5
(4.2)
42.5
(5.8)
50.2
(10.1)
57.8
(14.3)
67.8
(19.9)
79.0
(26.1)
87.6
(30.9)
85.3
(29.6)
75.8
(24.3)
62.5
(16.9)
48.6
(9.2)
39.5
(4.2)
61.4
(16.3)
Average low °F (°C) 11.2
(−11.6)
15.5
(−9.2)
22.4
(−5.3)
27.1
(−2.7)
33.6
(0.9)
40.9
(4.9)
48.1
(8.9)
47.0
(8.3)
37.8
(3.2)
28.0
(−2.2)
18.7
(−7.4)
11.0
(−11.7)
28.5
(−1.9)
Record low °F (°C) −27
(−33)
−30
(−34)
−13
(−25)
−5
(−21)
7
(−14)
18
(−8)
28
(−2)
24
(−4)
15
(−9)
−3
(−19)
−20
(−29)
−29
(−34)
−30
(−34)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.70
(17.8)
0.75
(19)
0.93
(23.6)
0.95
(24.1)
1.10
(27.9)
0.67
(17)
0.64
(16.3)
0.90
(22.9)
0.83
(21.1)
1.00
(25.4)
0.70
(17.8)
0.59
(15)
9.76
(247.9)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.1
(23.1)
7.9
(20.1)
8.3
(21.1)
5.2
(13.2)
2.3
(5.8)
0.1
(0.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.4
(1)
3.0
(7.6)
6.1
(15.5)
8.4
(21.3)
50.8
(129)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 6.9 7.2 7.6 7.9 7.3 4.8 5.3 5.9 4.9 5.4 5.7 6.3 75.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 6.0 5.8 5.9 4.1 1.7 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.7 4.4 5.7 35.7
Average relative humidity (%) 65.3 64.5 59.4 51.8 47.0 39.8 35.2 38.7 42.4 50.5 59.6 64.3 51.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 215.0 211.0 265.0 286.8 329.3 362.8 365.3 335.8 309.1 266.5 199.6 197.8 3,344
Percent possible sunshine 71 70 71 72 74 81 81 79 83 77 66 68 75
Source #1: NOAA (sun and relative humidity 1961–1990)[8][9][10]
Source #2: Weather Channel (extremes)[11]
The parameter "imperial first" is not recognized by Template:Weather box

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 203
1900 525 158.6%
1910 2,055 291.4%
1920 2,090 1.7%
1930 3,045 45.7%
1940 4,140 36.0%
1950 3,558 −14.1%
1960 4,018 12.9%
1970 4,176 3.9%
1980 4,882 16.9%
1990 4,756 −2.6%
2000 4,041 −15.0%
2010 4,255 5.3%
Est. 2015 4,134 [12] −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 4,041 people, 1,727 households, and 1,065 families residing in the city. The population density was 566.8 people per square mile (218.8/km²). There were 2,205 housing units at an average density of 309.3 per square mile (119.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.14% White, 0.32% African American, 3.12% Native American, 1.09% Asian, 0.35% Pacific Islander, 3.71% from other races, and 2.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.35% of the population.

There were 1,727 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.3% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,408, and the median income for a family was $42,168. Males had a median income of $36,016 versus $26,597 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,013. About 11.3% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those aged 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Ely in 2006

Ely is a tourism center, and is home of the Nevada Northern Railway Museum. Nearby are Great Basin National Park, Cave Lake State Park, and Ward Charcoal Ovens State Historic Park, as well as the state parks of Lincoln County, Nevada.

The railroad museum features the Ghost Train of Old Ely, a working steam-engine passenger train that travels the historic tracks from Ely to the Robinson mining district.

Ely is the nearest town to the proposed site of the Clock of the Long Now on Mount Washington.[15]

The historic six-story Hotel Nevada and Gambling Hall[16] is located in downtown Ely. Opened in 1929, it was the tallest building in Nevada well into the 1940s and was the state's first fire-proof building. It is a popular lodging, dining, gaming and tourist stop.

The long stretch of road on State Route 318 near Ely is known for the annual 90 miles (140 km) Silver State Classic Challenge course, an authorized time-trial Cannonball Run-style race that attracts entries from all over the world.

The Ely Renaissance Society has facilitated more than 20 outdoor murals and sculptures in the downtown area. Artists from all over the world have been commissioned to create images of area history, using different art styles. They also maintain a historical village consisting of a general store and several shotgun houses which display the history of the ethnic groups that came to the area to work for the railroad and the mine.[17]

Wildlife viewing[edit]

The Bureau of Land Management, part of the United States Department of the Interior, operates an area supporting an elk herd south of town. The Ely Elk Viewing Area offers visitors the opportunity to see an elk community up close.

Mining[edit]

Geologic structure map showing mining operations west of Ely. Hatched area indicates traces of copper while the shaded area indicates traces of gold.

Iron-rich gossans were mined for precious metals in Lane Valley west of Ely starting in 1867. The Aultman and Saxton Mines were operating by the 1870s. The Chainman Mine was developed by the 1890s and became the most productive in the area. Copper was mined by the Giroux Consolidated Mining Company starting in 1903 and by the Nevada Consolidated Copper Company in 1904. Consolidated Copper Mines Company took over Giroux in 1913. Kennecott Copper Corporation took over Nevada Consolidated in 1943 and by 1958 had consolidated all of the properties in the district.[18]

KGHM International Ltd. owns a large copper mine, formerly owned by Quadra FNX, employing 510 people near Ely.[19]

Sports[edit]

The UNLV Rebels football team used to conduct their summer training camp in Ely, a cooler place for August practices and preparation for the higher altitudes of most Mountain West Conference road games.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Commercial air service was available at Ely Airport until March 31, 2013. In 2011 the Ely Airport was frequently cited as one of the rural airports receiving federal subsidies through the Essential Air Service program.[20]

Roads[edit]

The historic Lincoln Highway, the first road across America, went through Ely, entering town from the north on U.S. Route 93 and departing town to the west on U.S. Route 50.

Notable people[edit]

In film[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ely, Nevada". Nevada Commission on Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-16. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Ghost Towns Nevada website
  4. ^ Google Maps
  5. ^ "Mean Number of Days Minimum Temperature 32 Deg. F or Less" (PDF). Comparative Climatic Data for the United States Through 2012. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: U.S. Dept. of Commerce. 2013. 
  6. ^ Western Regional Climate Center; ELY WBO, NEVADA – Temperature Summary
  7. ^ http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?nv2631
  8. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 25, 2015. 
  9. ^ "NV Ely Yelland FLD AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 25, 2015. 
  10. ^ "WMO Climate Normals for Ely/Yelland, NV 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 25, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Monthly Averages for Ely, NV (89315)". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-10-25. 
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ "Prototype 1–10,000 Year Clock". The Long Now Foundation. December 31, 1999. Retrieved December 13, 2011. 
  16. ^ Hotel Nevada website
  17. ^ Ely Renaissance website
  18. ^ Laurence P. James (1990). Gold in the Ely (Robinson) Copper District, White Pine County, Nevada in USGS Bulletin 1857 Gold in Copper Porphyry Copper Systems. United States Government Printing Office. p. E28-E29. 
  19. ^ http://www.quadrafnx.com/s/RobinsonMine.asp
  20. ^ Demirjian, Karoun (22 July 2011). "1 Nevada FAA worker furloughed in squabble over aviation subsidies". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved 13 August 2011. 
  21. ^ Estrada, Garrett (June 6, 2014). "'Small Town Mayor' shoots in Ely". The Ely Times. Retrieved July 21, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Ely travel guide from Wikivoyage