Elymus (plant)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Elymus (genus))
Jump to: navigation, search
Wildrye, wheatgrass
Elymus canadensis.jpg
Elymus canadensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Genus: Elymus
L.
Type species
Elymus sibiricus
L.
Synonyms[4]
  • Asperella Humb.
  • Braconotia Godr.
  • Campeiostachys Drobow
  • Chretomeris Nutt. ex J.G. Sm. nom. inval.[1]
  • Clinelymus (Griseb.) Nevski
  • Crithopyrum Steud.
  • Cryptopyrum Heynh. nom. inval.[2]
  • Elysitanion Bowden nom. illeg.[3]
  • Elytrigia Desv.
  • Elytrigium Benth.
  • Goulardia Husn.
  • Gymnostichum Schreb.
  • Hystrix Moench
  • Lophopyrum Á.Löve
  • Pascopyrum Á.Löve
  • Peridictyon Seberg
  • Polyantherix Nees
  • Psammopyrum Á.Löve
  • Pseudoroegneria (Nevski) Á.Löve
  • Roegneria K.Koch
  • Semeiostachys Drobow.
  • Sitanion Raf.
  • Sitospelos Adans.
  • Terrellia Lunell
  • × Elymotrigia Hyl.
  • × Elysitanion Bowden
  • × Pseudelymus Barkworth & D.R.Dewey
  • × Terrelymus B.R.Baum

Elymus is a genus of perennial plants with approximately 150 species[5] in the grass family, related to rye, wheat, and other widely grown cereal grains.[6]

Elymus is a cosmopolitan genus, represented by species across all continents of the world.[7] Common names include couch grass, wildrye and wheatgrass.[8][9][10][11]

Many species once considered members of Elymus are now regarded as better suited to other genera: Agropyron, Anthosachne, Brachypodium, Cenchrus, Crithopsis, Heteranthelium, Jouvea, Kengyilia, Leymus, Psathyrostachys, Stenostachys, Taeniatherum, Thinopyrum etc.[12]

The following species are recognised by The Plant List:[4][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tropicos.org, retrieved 13 February 2016 
  2. ^ Tropicos.org, retrieved 13 February 2016 
  3. ^ Tropicos.org, retrieved 13 February 2016 
  4. ^ a b "Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". Retrieved 10 August 2016. 
  5. ^ Diaz, Oscar (1999). Genetic diversity in Elymus species (Triticeae) with emphasis on the Nordic region. ISBN 91-576-5493-X. 
  6. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 83-84
  7. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2006). CRC World Dictionary of grasses: Common names, Scientific names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology. 1. CRC Press. pp. 755–787. ISBN 9780849313035. 
  8. ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 400 披碱草属 pi jian cao shu Elymus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 83. 1753.
  9. ^ Flora of Pakistan Elymus Linn., Sp. Pl. 1:83. 1753. Gen. Pl., ed. 5. 36. 1754; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 106. 1976; Melderis in Tutin et al., Fl. Eur. 5:192. 1980.
  10. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana genere Elymus photos and distribution maps for several species
  11. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
  12. ^ a b "The Plant List Elymus". Retrieved 10 August 2016. 

External links[edit]