|United States Representative from Mississippi's 3rd congressional district|
March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1885
|Preceded by||Hernando D. Money|
|Succeeded by||Thomas C. Catchings|
May 23, 1826|
Ironton, Lawrence County
|Died||March 19, 1885
Vicksburg, Warren County, Mississippi
|Resting place||Cedar Hill Cemetery near Vicksburg, Mississippi|
|Service/branch||United States Army: Army of the Tennessee|
|Rank||Clerk of Quartermaster's Department|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
Jeffords was born near Ironton in Lawrence County, Ohio on May 23, 1826. He grew up in Portsmouth, Ohio where he attended public schools before apprenticing as a clerk in a law office. Jeffords read law during his apprenticeship and was admitted to the bar in 1847. After his admission to the legal profession he practiced in Portmouth.
During the American Civil War, Jeffords served as a clerk in the Quartermaster's Department of the Army of the Tennessee from June 1862 to December 1863. Following the war he moved to Mayersville, Mississippi and was elected to be a judge of the High Court of Errors and Appeals in 1868. He was a delegate to the 1872 Republican National Convention, which renominated U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant.
Jeffords was elected as a Republican to the 48th United States Congress, carrying nearly 70% of the vote. He served a single term and was unsuccessful during his 1884 reelection campaign. Jeffords died on March 19, 1885 in Vicksburg, Mississippi. He was interred at Cedar Hill Cemetery near Vicksburg.
Eighty years passed before another Republican represented Mississippi in the U.S. House, Prentiss Walker of Mize in Smith County, represented the 4th district for a single term from 1965 to 1967. He forfeited the seat to make an unsuccessful race against U.S. Senator James O. Eastland.
- United States Congress. "Elza Jeffords (id: J000071)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
|United States House of Representatives|
Hernando D. Money
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Mississippi's 3rd congressional district
Thomas C. Catchings