Elza Jeffords

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Elza Jeffords
United States Representative from Mississippi's 3rd congressional district
In office
March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1885
Preceded by Hernando D. Money
Succeeded by Thomas C. Catchings
Personal details
Born (1826-05-23)May 23, 1826
Ironton, Lawrence County
Ohio, USA
Died March 19, 1885(1885-03-19) (aged 58)
Vicksburg, Warren County, Mississippi
Resting place Cedar Hill Cemetery near Vicksburg, Mississippi
Political party Republican
Occupation Lawyer
Military service
Service/branch United States Army: Army of the Tennessee
Rank Clerk of Quartermaster's Department
Battles/wars American Civil War

Elza Jeffords (May 23, 1826 – March 19, 1885) was a U.S. Representative from Mississippi's 3rd congressional district.

Jeffords was born near Ironton in Lawrence County, Ohio on May 23, 1826.[1] He grew up in Portsmouth, Ohio where he attended public schools before apprenticing as a clerk in a law office. Jeffords read law during his apprenticeship and was admitted to the bar in 1847. After his admission to the legal profession he practiced in Portmouth.[2]

During the American Civil War, Jeffords served as a clerk in the Quartermaster's Department of the Army of the Tennessee from June 1862 to December 1863.[2] Following the war he moved to Mayersville, Mississippi and was elected to be a judge of the High Court of Errors and Appeals in 1868.[1] He was a delegate to the 1872 Republican National Convention, which renominated U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant.

Jeffords was elected as a Republican to the 48th United States Congress, carrying nearly 70% of the vote.[2] He served a single term and was unsuccessful during his 1884 reelection campaign. Jeffords died on March 19, 1885 in Vicksburg, Mississippi.[3] He was interred at Cedar Hill Cemetery near Vicksburg.

Eighty years passed before another Republican represented Mississippi in the U.S. House, Prentiss Walker of Mize in Smith County, represented the 4th district for a single term from 1965 to 1967. He forfeited the seat to make an unsuccessful race against U.S. Senator James O. Eastland.


  1. ^ a b "Obituary". Arizona Weekly Citizen (Tucson, Arizona Territory). March 28, 1885. p. 4. 
  2. ^ a b c United States Congress (1885). Congressional Edition. Volume 2265. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 48. OCLC 191710879. 
  3. ^ "Elza Jeffords". New-York Tribune. March 20, 1885. p. 5. 

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Hernando D. Money
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Mississippi's 3rd congressional district

Succeeded by
Thomas C. Catchings