Elza Niego affair
The 1927 murder in Turkey of a Jewish girl named Elza Niego by a Turkish official sparked an anti-government demonstration at her funeral that authorities regarded as criminal. This led to the arrest of 9 Jewish protestors.
Elza Niego (22) was a typist of the National Insurance Company of Turkey. During a holiday at the Heybeli island, a Muslim Turkish official Osman Bey fell in love with her. Osman Bey, who was 30 years older than Elza, would follow Elza around the island. In despair, Elza Niego cut short her vacation and went home. Elza Niego eventually became engaged to a Jewish co-worker. Osman Bey, who was enraged by the engagement, pursued Elza Niego and stabbed her to death with a knife.
During the funeral, a demonstration was held in opposition to the Turkish government. This created an anti-Semitic reaction in the Turkish press. Nine protestors were immediately arrested under the charge of offending "Turkishness". Nine Jews and also a Russian individual witness to murder were arrested. Four of them were sentenced for "denigration of Turkishness".
- "Turkish Jewry Agitated Over Murder Case". Canadian Jewish Review. October 7, 1927. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- Kalderon, Albert E. (1983). Abraham Galanté : a biography. New York: Published by Sepher-Hermon Press for Sephardic House at Congregation Shearith Israel. p. 53. ISBN 9780872031111. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "TURKEY: Notes, Aug. 29, 1927". Time. Aug 29, 1927. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "New Trial Ordered for Nine Constantinople Jews Once Acquitted". Jewish News Archive. January 16, 1928. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- Benbassa, Esther; Rodrigue, Aron (1999). Sephardi Jewry : a history of the Judeo-Spanish community, 14th--20th centuries (1. California paperback ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 9780520218222.
- Münferit(!) antisemitizm vak’aları, Ayşe Hür, Taraf