|Origin||New York City, U.S.|
Ax was born to a Polish-Jewish family in Lviv, Ukraine, (in what was then the Soviet Union) to Joachim and Hellen Ax. Both parents were Nazi concentration camp survivors. Ax began to study piano at the age of six; his father was his first piano teacher. When he was seven the family moved to Warsaw, Poland (where he studied piano playing at Miodowa school), and then two years later to Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, where he continued to study music, including as a member of The Junior Musical Club of Winnipeg. In 1961, the family moved to New York City and Ax continued his studies at the Juilliard School under Mieczysław Munz. In 1970, he received his B.A. in French at Columbia University and became an American citizen. The same year, he received an honorable mention at the VIII International Chopin Piano Competition in Warsaw. In 1973 he won the Young Concert Artists International Auditions.
Ax is a particular supporter of contemporary composers and has given three world premieres in the last few seasons; Century Rolls by John Adams, Seeing by Christopher Rouse and Red Silk Dance by Bright Sheng. He also performs works by such diverse figures as Michael Tippett, Hans Werner Henze, Joseph Schwantner, Arnold Schoenberg and Paul Hindemith, as well as more traditional composers such as Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, and Chopin.
Ax has been the main duo recital partner of cellist Yo-Yo Ma since August 3, 1973 when the pair performed its first public recital at the Marlboro Music School and Festival. They have recorded much of the cello/piano repertoire together. Ax also played quartets briefly with Ma and violinists Isaac Stern and Jaime Laredo. Before the quartet disbanded in 2001 due to the death of Stern, they recorded works for Sony by Brahms, Fauré, Beethoven, Schumann and Mozart. Ax is also a featured guest artist in a documentary film about the Toronto Symphony Orchestra and Peter Oundjian, Five Days in September; the Rebirth of an Orchestra.
Ax co-constructed the April 19, 2017 New York Times Crossword Puzzle and is one of the ambassadors to Music Traveler, together with Billy Joel, Hans Zimmer, John Malkovich, Sean Lennon, and Adrien Brody.
- Beethoven: Complete Sonatas for Cello and Piano, Vol. 1 (with Yo-Yo Ma)
- Beethoven: Complete Sonatas for Cello and Piano, Vol. 2 (with Yo-Yo Ma)
- Chopin: Piano Concertos 1 Op.11 E minor and 2 Op.21 F minor, recorded 1978 and 1980 (with Philadelphia Orchestra cond. Eugene Ormandy)
- Brahms: Sonatas for Cello and Piano (with Yo-Yo Ma)
- Beethoven: Complete Sonatas for Cello and Piano, Vol. 3 (with Yo-Yo Ma)
- Schumann: Cello Concerto | Fantasiestücke, Op. 73 | Adagio and Allegro, Op. 70 | Fünf Stücke im Volkston, Op. 102 (with Yo-Yo Ma)
- Dvořák: Piano Trios (with Yo-Yo Ma and Young Uck Kim)
- Shostakovich: Piano Trio | Cello Sonata (with Yo-Yo Ma)
- Strauss and Britten: Cello Sonatas (with Yo-Yo Ma)
- Prokofiev and Rachmaninoff: Cello Sonatas (with Yo-Yo Ma)
- Brahms: 'Sonatas for Cello and Piano (with Yo-Yo Ma)
- Chopin: Chamber Music (tracks 1-9, with Yo-Yo Ma (tracks 1-9), Pamela Frank (tracks 1-4), and Ewa Osinska (track 10))
- Beethoven, Schumann: Piano Quartets (with Yo-Yo Ma, Isaac Stern, and Jaime Laredo)
- Lieberson: King Gesar; Corigliano: Phantasmagoria (with Yo-Yo Ma (all tracks), tracks 1-7: Omar Ebrahim, Peter Serkin, Andras Adorjan, Deborah Marshall, William Purvis, David Taylor, Stefan Huge, and Peter Lieberson)
- Schubert: Trout Quintet; Arpeggione Sonata (with Yo-Yo Ma (tracks 1-8), Pamela Frank (tracks 1-5), Rebecca Young (tracks 1-5), Edgar Meyer (tracks 1-5), and Barbara Bonney (track 9))
- Dvořák: Piano Quartet No.2 | Brahms: Sonata for Piano and Cello in D major, op. 78 (with Yo-Yo Ma, Isaac Stern (tracks 1-4), and Jaime Laredo (tracks 1-4))
- Mendelssohn: Piano Trios and Songs without Words | Beethoven Ghost Piano Trio (with Yo-Yo Ma, Itzhak Perlman (tracks 1-8), Pamela Frank (track 14))
Awards and recognitions
- 1972 – Seventh Prize, Queen Elisabeth Competition in Brussels.
- 1974 – Arthur Rubinstein International Piano Master Competition in Tel Aviv
- 1979 – Avery Fisher Prize in New York City
- 2007 – Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- 2009 – Member of the American Philosophical Society
- 2013 – Echo Klassik Award for Solo Recording of the Year (19th century music/Piano) for his Variations recording of works by Beethoven, Haydn and Schumann.
- Award of Excellence, The International Center in New York
- Emanuel Ax and Yo-Yo Ma for Brahms: Cello and Piano Sonatas in E Minor and F (1986)
- Emanuel Ax and Yo-Yo Ma for Beethoven: Cello and Piano Sonata No. 4 in C & Variations (1987)
- Emanuel Ax, Jaime Laredo, Yo-Yo Ma and Isaac Stern for Brahms: Piano Quartets (Op. 25 and 26) (1992)
- Emanuel Ax and Yo-Yo Ma for Brahms: Sonatas for Cello & Piano (1993)
- Emanuel Ax, Yo-Yo Ma and Richard Stoltzman for Brahms/Beethoven/Mozart: Clarinet Trios (1996)
- Emanuel Ax for Haydn: Piano Sonatas, Nos. 32, 47, 53, 59 (1995)
- Emanuel Ax for Haydn: Piano Sonatas Nos. 29, 31, 34, 35 & 49 (2004)
- Cotter, Jim (16 February 2015). ""Manny" Ax: A Man For All Eras". www.wrti.org. Retrieved 2020-07-13.
- "Emanuel Ax". The Juilliard School. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
- Kaminski, Bartosz (2001-01-08). "Emanuel Ax: nie miałem talentu do gry na fortepianie" [Emanuel Ax: I had no talent for playing the piano]. Gazeta Wyborcza (in Polish). Archived from the original on May 10, 2011.
- "Emanuel Ax performs Beethoven, Schoenberg, and Chopin Feb. 6". Yale School of Music. January 24, 2013.
Mr. Ax is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and holds honorary doctorates of music from Yale and Columbia Universities.
- "Yale Honorary Degree Recipients". Yale University. Archived from the original on May 21, 2015. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
- "Tokyo Quartet, Peter Oundjian receive Sanford Medals". Yale School of Music, Yale University. January 23, 2013.
Previous recipients of the Sanford Medal include Georg Solti, Pierre Boulez, Aaron Copland, Virgil Thomson, Mstislav Rostropovich, Sherrill Milnes, Marilyn Horne, Emanuel Ax, and Richard Stoltzman.
- Jean-Pierre Thiollet, 88 notes pour piano solo, « Solo de duo », Neva Editions, 2015, p.98. ISBN 978-2-3505-5192-0
- Rowes, Barbara (August 9, 1982). "Hailed as the Next Rubinstein, Emanuel Ax Cuts An Ample Figure in the Classical Music World". People. 18 (6).
- "Backstage with Peter Oundjian". YouTube. Toronto Symphony Orchestra. Archived from the original on 2021-12-13. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
- "Emanuel Ax". queenelisabethcompetition.be (in French). Retrieved 2022-03-25.
- "Ax, Emanuel". The Juilliard School. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
- "A" (PDF). Members of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences: 1780–2010. American Academy of Arts and Sciences. p. 22. Retrieved 28 April 2011.
- "APS Member History". search.amphilsoc.org. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
- "Junges Konzert – 12.12.2019: Mozart". hr-sinfonieorchester.de (in German). 5 December 2019. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
- "Emanuel Ax". GRAMMY.com. 19 November 2019. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
- Official website
- Discography at SonyBMG Masterworks
- Emanuel Ax and Tom Kornberg: Scientist and Musician- Beethoven’s Cello Sonata No. 3 in A major, 1st movement
- on YouTube, WNCN-FM, April 16, 1982
- Interview with Emanuel Ax by Bruce Duffie, April 15, 1999