Emanuel Cvjetićanin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Emanuel Cvjetićanin
Baron Emanuel von Cveticanin.jpg
Feldmarschalleutnant Emanuel Cvjetićanin
Born 8.8.1833.
Veliki Cvjetnić, Austrian Empire
Died 1919.
Zagreb, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Allegiance Austria-Hungary
Years of service –1.11.1903.
Rank Feldmarschalleutnant
Battles/wars Commander in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Awards Commander's Cross of the Order of Maria Theresa

Emanuel Cvjetićanin (August 8, 1833 – 1919) was an Austro-Hungarian Feldmarschalleutnant, a rank equivalent to Lieutenant General.

Emanuel (Manojlo) Cvjetićanin, whose baptismal name was Manojlo, was born in Veliki Cvjetnić. His last name of Cvjetićanin was from an old Serbian family that originated from the Serbian Bogunovići tribe of Old Serbia, medieval Raška. The Austrians take him away when he was seven years old to the Theresian Military Academy, and later the family moved to Udbina (Lika, at the time also in the Austrian Empire), for the murder of a Turkish bey.[clarification needed]

In the war of 1878–1882, Cvjetićanin was the main organizer of the gendarmerie in Sarajevo. He received numerous decorations, including the Order of Maria Theresa, and the title of baron. He was the first adjutant of Emperor Franz Josef I and was in a second car behind of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo when Gavrilo Princip assassinated him. King Alexander I of Yugoslavia offered him a post as one of his Field Marshals, but he refused. He died in Zagreb, Kingdom of SHS.

His wife was Sofia von Cvjetićanin born Krivacic. His son by her, Milan Cvetičanin, changed his last name from Cvjetićanin to Cvetičanin because of a misunderstanding with his father. Milan Cvetičanin was transferred to the Serbian army as an Austrian officer under the command of Živojin Mišić and he died 6.10.1919. as a Serbian administration officer with other 21 soldiers in Saint-Mandrier-sur-Mer near Toulon in France.

Sources[edit]