Emanuel Mendel

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Emanuel Mendel
Mendel emmanuel.jpg
Emanuel Mendel
Born(1839-10-28)October 28, 1839
Bunzlau, Lower Silesia; (today known as Bolesławiec, Poland)
DiedJune 23, 1907(1907-06-23) (aged 67)
Occupationneurologist and psychiatrist
Notable work
Introduction of duboisine as a treatment for Parkinson's disease

Emanuel Mendel (October 28, 1839 – June 23, 1907) was a German neurologist and psychiatrist who was a university professor (from 1884 an associate professor) and director of a polyclinic in Berlin. He was born in Bunzlau, Lower Silesia; (today known as Bolesławiec, Poland) into a Jewish family.[1]

He studied medicine in Berlin and in 1871 received his habilitation for psychiatry.[2] Mendel was an advocate in regards to the unification of psychiatry and neurology as complementary disciplines. Among his better-known students and assistants were Max Bielschowsky (1869–1940), Edward Flatau (1869–1932), Lazar Minor (1855–1942) and Louis Jacobsohn-Lask (1863–1940)

Mendel is remembered for the introduction of duboisine, an extract from the Australian plant Dubosia myoporoides, as a treatment for Parkinson's disease. Also, he conducted important studies of epilepsy and progressive paralysis.[2]

Among his medical writings was a textbook on psychiatry titled Leitfaden der Psychiatrie für Studirende der Medizin (1902), later translated into English and published as "Text-book of psychiatry : A psychological study of insanity for practitioners and students".[3][4] Also, he was founder and publisher of the neurological/psychiatric magazine Neurologisches Centralblatt.[2]

Mendel was interested in politics, and was a member of the Reichstag from 1877 to 1881.[2]


  1. ^ Andreas Killen, Berlin Electropolis: Shock, Nerves, and German Modernity, University of California Press (2006), p. 64
  2. ^ a b c d Biografie, Emmanuel Mendel Wissenschaftliche Sammlungen an der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
  3. ^ IDREF.fr
  4. ^ Open Library Text-book of psychiatry


  • Parts of this article are based on translations of articles from the German and Polish Wikipedia.
  • Duboisia myoporoides: the medical career of a native Australian plant at the Wayback Machine (archived February 26, 2005)
  • E Mendel (1907). Text-book of psychiatry. Davis. emanuel mendel.