Emanuel Mendez da Costa
Da Costa was one of the first Jewish Fellows of the Royal Society of London, and became its librarian. In 1767 he was discovered to be withholding members' subscription fees, was convicted of fraud, and sentenced to five years in debtors' prison.
His publications included:
- A Natural History of Fossils, 1757
- Elements of Conchology, or An Introduction to the Knowledge of Shells, 1776 (illustrated by Peter Brown);
- British Conchology, 1778
- several important papers in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
- Jewish Encyclopedia
- P.J.P. Whitehead, 1977. "Emanuel Mendez da Costa and the conchology,or Natural History of Shells", Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Historical Series), 6:1-24
- Rousseau, G.S.; Haycock, David (2000). "The Jew of Crane Court: Emanuel Mendes Da Costa (1717–91), Natural History and Natural Excess". Jnl of the History of Science 38 (120): 127–170.
- James Grout: Da Costa and the Venus dione: The Obscenity of Shell Description, part of the Encyclopædia Romana
- Wikisource DNB entry
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