Emanuel Raphael Belilios

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Emanuel Raphael Belilios
CMG, JP
Unofficial Member of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong
In office
8 August 1881 – 5 September 1882
Appointed by Sir John Pope Hennessy
Preceded by J. M. Price
Succeeded by J. M. Price
In office
25 February 1892 – 5 April 1900
Appointed by Sir William Robinson
Sir Wilsone Black
Preceded by Phineas Ryrie
Succeeded by R. M. Gray
Chairman of the Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Corporation
In office
1876–1877
Preceded by Andolph von André
Succeeded by Hans Christian Heinrich Hoppius
Personal details
Born (1837-11-14)14 November 1837
Calcutta, British India
Died 11 November 1905(1905-11-11) (aged 67)
London, United Kingdom

Emanuel Raphael Belilios, CMG, JP (14 November 1837 – 11 November 1905) was a Hong Kong Jewish opium dealer and businessman.

Belilios was born in Calcutta, British India on 14 November 1837. His father was Raphael Emanuel Belilios, member of a Jewish Venetian family. Belilios married Simha Ezra in 1855, and in 1862 he settled in Hong Kong and engaged in trade.

In the 1870s, Belilios was chairman of the Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels, Limited.[1]

He tried to establish relations with the then British prime minister Benjamin Disraeli by proposing a marble and bronze statue of Disraeli, which was declined by the prime minister himself.[2]

He became Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Chairman from 1876 to 1882, appointed to the Legislative Council of Hong Kong in 1881 and as the Council's Senior Unofficial Member from 1892 to 1900.

Belilios gained his reputation as a philanthropist. In the years 1887 and 1888, Belilios gave out two annual scholarships valued at $60, to the students of the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese and studying at the Alice Memorial Hospital.[3] In August 1889, Belilios donated $25,000 to set up a girls' government school. The Belilios Public School was renamed from Central School for Girls in honour of Belilios.[4]

Belilios died in London on 11 November 1905.

Family[edit]

Raphael Emanuel Belilios Vanity Fair 6 January 1910

His son, Raphael Emanuel Belilios (or "Billy"), was a barrister in England. He was admitted to the Middle Temple in 1900 and called to the Bar in 1903. In the same year, Raphael had an arranged marriage to Vera Charlotte Hart, the only daughter of Sir Israel Hart of Holland Park and Lady Charlotte Victoria of Knighton, Leicester[5] Raphael was admitted to the Bar on 16 May 1903.[6] He occupied chambers at Middle Temple from 1904 to 1922.

His great-great-grandson is actor Max Minghella.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History 1871–1880" Archived 12 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine., Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels, Limited
  2. ^ McCabe, Ina Baghdiantz; Harlaftis, Gelina; Minoglou, Ioanna Pepelasis (2005). Diaspora Entrepreneurial Networks: Four Centuries of History. Berg. p. 260. 
  3. ^ "Advertisements". Singapore: The Straits Times. 29 September 1887. p. 2. 
  4. ^ Endacott, G. B. (1973) [1958]. A history of Hong Kong. London: Oxford University Press. p. 238. ISBN 9780196382647. 
  5. ^ "Scottish Universities Dinner". The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser. 16 November 1903. p. 5. 
  6. ^ "Mr Raphael Belilios". The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser. 25 May 1906. p. 3. 
Legislative Council of Hong Kong
Preceded by
John MacNeile Price
Unofficial Member
1881–1882
Succeeded by
John MacNeile Price
Preceded by
Phineas Ryrie
Unofficial Member
1892–1900
Succeeded by
Roderick Mackenzie Gray
Preceded by
Phineas Ryrie
Senior Unofficial Member
1892–1900
Succeeded by
Paul Chater
Business positions
Preceded by
Andolph von André
Chairman of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation
1876–1877
Succeeded by
Hans Christian Heinrich Hoppius