Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta
|Prince Emanuele Filiberto|
|Duke of Aosta|
|Duke of Aosta|
|Predecessor||Prince Amedeo, 1st Duke|
|Successor||Prince Amedeo, 3rd Duke|
13 January 1869|
|Died||4 July 1931
|Burial||Sacrario militare di Redipuglia|
|Spouse||Princess Hélène of Orléans|
|Issue||Amedeo, 3rd Duke of Aosta
Aimone, 4th Duke of Aosta
|House||House of Savoy-Aosta|
|Father||Amadeo I of Spain|
|Mother||Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo della Cisterna|
|Emanuel Filibert of Aosta|
Emanuele Filiberto, as Army commander
|Born||13 January 1869|
|Died||4 July 1931(aged 62)|
|Allegiance||Kingdom of Italy|
||Royal Italian Army|
|Rank||Marshal of Italy|
|Commands held||Italian Third Army|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
Prince Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta (Spanish: Manuel Filiberto; 13 January 1869 – 4 July 1931) was an Italian general and member of the House of Savoy. He was Prince of Asturias (Crown Prince of Spain) from 1870 to 1873, as the son of Amadeo I, and was also a cousin of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy. Filiberto was also commander of the undefeated Italian Third Army during World War I, which earned him the title of the "Undefeated Duke". After the war he became a Marshal of Italy.
He was born in Genoa the eldest son of Prince Amadeo of Savoy, Duke of Aosta and his first wife Donna Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo della Cisterna. In 1870 his father was elected king of Spain and Emanuele Filiberto became the Prince of Asturias. His time as heir apparent would be short lived as his father abdicated and returned to Italy in 1873 after three years on the throne. In 1890 he succeeded to the title of Duke of Aosta.
He began his career in the Italian Army at Naples, in 1905, as commander. During the First World War the Duke of Aosta commanded the Italian Third Army, which gained the nickname of Armata invitta ("undefeated army"). Following the war he was promoted to the rank of Marshal of Italy by Benito Mussolini in 1926.
Entitled to him were the Duke of Aosta Bridge in Rome, built in 1942, and another on the Piave at Jesolo, inaugurated in 1927; a street in Rome; a cruiser of the Regia Marina was named after him, which was given to Soviet Union after World War II.
Family and children
They had two sons:
- Amedeo, 3rd Duke of Aosta (21 October 1898 – 3 March 1942); married Princess Anne of Orléans.
- Aimone, 4th Duke of Aosta who briefly reigned as King Tomislav II of Croatia. (9 March 1900 – 29 January 1948); married Princess Irene of Greece and Denmark.
Honours and awards
|Ancestors of Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta|
- Encyclopædia Britannica (1950)
- Hanson, Edward (2017). The Wandering Princess: Princess Helene of France, Duchess of Aosta (1871–1951). Fonthill. ISBN 978-1-78155-592-7.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Emanuele Filiberto di Savoia, 2nd Duke of Aosta.|
Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of AostaBorn: 13 January 1869 Died: 4 July 1931
Title last held byAlfonso (XII)
|Prince of Asturias
Title next held byIsabella
|New creation||Duke of Apulia
|Duke of Aosta
Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo
|Prince della Cisterna