Embarkment (sometimes embarcation or embarkation) is the process of loading a passenger ship or an airplane with passengers or military personnel, related to and overlapping with individual boarding on aircraft and ships.
The act of embarkation or disembarkation is related to various legal issues such a liability for accidents, or in relation to immigration and refugee status. Generally liability for an accident prior to embarkation or boarding, such as during a security check is considered to not be part of the embarkation system.
- Jim West, Ann Carroll Burgess (2008). The Essential Little Cruise Book (4th ed.). p. 74. ISBN 0762751797.
Embarkation is a very busy time for the staff and crew members. When checking in at the cruise-ship terminal, have all your cruise documents filled out and ready to hand to the staff. This will help speed up the embarkation process immensely.
- Ross Kingston (2006). Dowling Cruise Ship Tourism. p. 213.
Geographical descriptors include embarkation and disembarkation ports, directions, longitude and latitude ranges, waters cruised and ports called. Time descriptors include beginning and end dates and duration.
- Lawrence B. Goldhirsch (1988). The Warsaw Convention Annotated: A Legal Handbook. p. 62.
The question of whether or not an accident took place during embarkation or disembarkation is a question of law rather than a question of fact which the court must decide.
- Peter P. C. Haanappel (2003). The Law and Policy of Air Space and Outer Space. ISBN 9041121293.
What is in the course of embarkation or disembarkation is a question of fact in each case, but what guides courts generally is whether the boarding or disembarking passenger is, at the time that the accident happens, in the carrier's care, ...
- Malcolm A. Clarke. "Art17.1". Contracts of Carriage by Air. p. 101.