Afghanistan–United Kingdom relations
Afghanistan–United Kingdom relations refer to bilateral relations between Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There has been an Afghan embassy in London since 1922 though there was no accredited Afghan ambassador from 1981 to 2001.
British interest involves the protection of India, especially from Russia—a contest called The Great Game in the late 19th century. A series of Anglo-Afghan wars between 1839 and 1919 have historically shaped the backdrop for relations between Afghanistan and the United Kingdom. After nearly a century of Anglo-Indian influence in Afghanistan, the state was declared independent in 1919. The United Kingdom did not contribute nor actively oppose the communist led Saur Revolution, it opposed the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and had no involvement in the series of civil wars that followed the Soviet withdrawal in 1989.
UK involvement in Afghanistan (2001-14)
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (September 2014)
In 2001-2014, British combat forces served with NATO in Afghanistan. Their main base as Camp Bastion in Heimland province in the south. All but 180 trainers were scheduled to leave in late 2014.
|Embassy of Afghanistan in London|
|Location||South Kensington, London|
|Address||31 Princes Gate, London, SW7 1QQ|
|Ambassador||Mohammad Daud Yaar|
The Embassy of Afghanistan in London is the diplomatic mission of Afghanistan in the United Kingdom. The building now used for the embassy was constructed by Charles James Freake in the late 1850s.
It was bought by Afghanistan in 1925.
- The Great Game, Russia and Britain maneuvre for influence
- First Anglo-Afghan War (1839–42)
- Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878–81)
- Third Anglo-Afghan War (1919)
- Fourth Anglo-Afghan War (November 2001 – October 2014) part of the War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
- "A Brief History of the Embassy and Ambassadors of Afghanistan in London". 5 December 2013.
- Edgar O'Ballance, Afghan wars 1839-1992: what Britain gave up and the Soviet Union lost (Brassey's, 1993).
- BBC News, "Inside Camp Bastion" 24 September 2012 online
- See BBC News, "UK troops 'to leave Afghanistan as planned" (27 May 2014)
- "The London Diplomatic List" (PDF). 12 December 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 December 2013.
- "Princes Gate and Princes Gardens: the Freake Estate: Development by C.J. Freake", Survey of London, volume 45: Knightsbridge (2000), pp. 191–205. Available here at British History Online. Accessed 6 February 2014.
- "Princes Gate and Princes Gardens: The Freake Estate: Some Former Residents", Survey of London, volume 45: Knightsbridge (2000), pp. 209–210. Available here at British History Online. Accessed 6 February 2014.
- The Constitutional Yearbook, 1901.
- Adamec, Ludwig W. Afghanistan's foreign affairs to the mid-twentieth century: relations with the USSR, Germany, and Britain (University of Arizona Press, 1974).
- Finlan, Alastair. Contemporary Military Strategy and the Global War on Terror: US and UK Armed Forces in Afghanistan and Iraq 2001-2012 (2014)
- Nawid, Senzil. 1997. “The State, the Clergy, and British Imperial Policy in Afghanistan During the 19th and Early 20th Centuries”. International Journal of Middle East Studies (1997) 29#4.: 581–605. in JSTOR