Emblem of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic
|Emblem of Azerbaijan|
|Armiger||Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic|
|Adopted||March 14, 1937|
Current version on April 21, 1978
|Supporters||Wheat and Cotton|
|Motto||Бүтүн өлкəлəрин пролетарлары, бирлəшин! (Azeri) |
Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Russian)
"Workers of the world, unite!"
|Earlier version(s)||1921, 1927, and 1931|
The national emblem of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic was adopted in 1937 by the government of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. The device is based on the emblem of the Soviet Union.
The emblem features a drilling rig representing Baku's wealthy oil reservoirs and, behind it, a sunrise, standing for the future of the Azeri nation. The hammer and sickle are prominently featured above it while the red star (symbolizing "socialism on all five continents") sits at the top of the emblem, for the victory of Communism and the "world-wide socialist community of states". The outer rim features symbols of agriculture — wheat and cotton.
The slogan on the banner bears the Soviet Union state motto ("Workers of the world, unite!") in both the Russian and Azerbaijani languages. In Azerbaijani, it is "Бүтүн өлкəлəрин пролетарлары, бирлəшин!" (in the current Azerbaijani Latin script: "Bütün ölkələrin proletarları, birləşin!").
Early emblems of the Azerbaijan SSR
On the first banknotes of the Azerbaijan SSR, issued in 1920, there appeared a composition consisting of a crossed sickle and hammer, a 5-terminal star and a crescent moon, which often consisted of a wreath of ears.
The same composition was included in the Order of the Red Banner of the Azerbaijan SSR, approved in 1920, the draft of which was developed by the head of the military topographical department of the operational mobilization department of the staff of the People's Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs of the AzSSR IP Vekilov in the image and likeness of the Order of Red Banner banner of the RSFSR.
This composition was fixed in the Constitution of the Azerbaijan Socialist Soviet Republic adopted on May 19, 1921 by the First Congress of Soviets of Azerbaijan, which established the description of the coat of arms, copied from the description of the emblem of the RSFSR in its Constitution of 1918, article 103:
The coat of arms of the Azerbaijan Socialist Soviet Republic consists of images on a red background in the sunlight of a golden sickle and hammer, placed crosswise with handles downwards, and a crescent with a five-pointed star surrounded by a wreath of ears with the inscription:
a) "Azerbaijan Socialist Soviet Republic" and
b) "Workers of all countries, unite!".— Constitution of the Azerbaijan Socialist Soviet Republic, article 103
Apparently, there was no consensus about the depiction on the exact image of the emblem. Various composition were created instead. The most popular one including a sickle, a hammer, a crescent and a 5-pointed star, most often in a wreath of ears, and the inscriptions were written with a Turkic or Tatar language, and written with Arabic letters.
In particular, such composition was depicted on all postage stamps of the Azerbaijan SSR, which were in circulation since October 1, 1921. The author of the drawings was the Baku satirist Beno (Benedikt) Rafailovich Telingater.
After December 13, 1922, the CEC of the Azerbaijan SSR became part of the Transcaucasian SFSR, which formed on December 30, 1922, and together with the RSFSR, the Ukrainian SSR and the Byelorussian SSR became the USSR. The usage of the composition for symbolizing the Azerbaijani SSR reduced, due to being replaced by the emblem of USSR and Transcaucasian SFSR.c
Transition to Latin alphabet
On December 30, 1922, the Central Executive Committee of the Azerbaijani SSR adopted a decree on the equality of the Latin alphabet with the Arabic letters. The change was reflected in the description of the emblem in the new Constitution of the Azerbaijani SSR adopted on December 8, 1924, which was approved on March 14, 1925. On the new constitution, the words "in the new and old alphabets" were added to the description of the emblem.
In the second revision of the new Constitution of Azerbaijan (approved by the All-Azerbaijan Congress of Soviets on March 26, 1927), the coat of arms is described as follows:
The coat of arms of the Azerbaijan Socialist Soviet Republic consists of images on a red background in the sun's rays of a golden sickle and hammer, placed criss-cross, handles down and a half-moon with a five-pointed star surrounded by a wreath of ears, with the inscription:
a) The Azerbaijan Socialist Soviet Republic.
b) Workers of all countries, unite!— Constitution of Azerbaijan SSR, Article 99
After this revision, the official versions of the emblems had appeared.
On January 1, 1929, by the resolution of the CEC of the Azerbaijani SSR, the Latin alphabet had been made as the official script of Azerbaijan SSR. This resulted the words "and the old" were removed from the description of the emblem in the Constitution of the Azerbaijan SSR.
Since 1930, in the emblem of the Azerbaijan SSR, the inscriptions were written only by Latin alphabet. This was fixed in the new version of the Constitution of the Azerbaijani SSR, which was adopted on February 14, 1931 by the VII All-Azerbaijan Congress of Soviets, which established a new description of the coat of arms of the Azerbaijan SSR. The description was as following :
The State Emblem of the Azerbaijan Socialist Soviet Republic consists of images on a light red (pale) background, bordered by a white circle, in the rays of the rising sun, in the middle of the emblem - a sickle and a hammer, placed cross-on-the-cross with handles downwards, and above them a crescent with a five-pointed star, surrounded by a wreath of ears.
Images of sickle and hammer, crescent with a star, sun with rays and a crown of ears - golden color. In a wreath on both sides there are four spikes of wheat. In the lower part of the emblem against the backdrop of the rising sun are depicted in three colors: black, white and gray, on the left side of the oil field - seven oil rigs and two kerosene tanks; on the right side - at the foot of the mountains with peaked peaks - the Azerbaijani village and in front of it arable land. On the link of the fishery and the village in the foreground is a tractor operated by a tractor driver. The wreath is crocheted with a ribbon of red (scarlet) color in three interceptions: the upper intercepts are connected by a ribbon passing through the middle of the emblem above the sickle and hammer, with the inscription on it written in the Latin alphabet in Turkic: "Azerbaijan Socialist Soviet Republic".
On the lower interception, common to both sides of the coat of arms, is the inscription in the same alphabet: "Proletarians of all countries, unite.— Constitution of the Azerbaijan SSR (1931), Div. V, Chapter IX, Art. 99.
The official design of the emblem was created by theatrical artist Benedikt (Beno) Rafailovich Telingater (1876-1960), which had created the previous unofficial version of the coat of arms of the Azerbaijan SSR.
After the creation of the new constitution of the USSR in 1936, Azerbaijan SSR also sought to create a new constitution. The new Constitution of the Azerbaijani SSR, adopted by the Extraordinary IX All-Azerbaijan Congress of Soviets on March 14, 1937, established a description of the new state emblem of the Azerbaijan SSR:
The State Emblem of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic is an image of a sickle and a hammer, an oil rig against the backdrop of the rising sun, framed with a wreath of cotton and ears, with an inscription in Azerbaijani and Russian languages:"Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic", and "Workers of all countries, unite!". At the top of the coat of arms is a five-pointed star.— Constitution of the Azerbaijani SSR (1937), Article 151
The official design of the emblem was created by the graphic artist Ruben Arkadevich.
At the end of 1937, to distance itself from the Turkic language, there was a word shift in the Azerbaijani language. On the coat of arms, the word "SYRA" (soviet) was replaced by "SOVET", and the word "CYMHYRIJJƏTI" (republic) was replaced by "RESPUBLIQASЬ". This shift of word stayed until now.
In accordance with the Law of the Azerbaijan SSR "On the Shift of Azerbaijani Letters from the Latin to the Russian Alphabet" adopted on July 11, 1939, the letters of the Azerbaijani language on January 1, 1940 was shifted from the Latin alphabet into Cyrilic alphabet (adjusted according to the Azeri language). By the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan SSR of March 20, 1940, inscriptions on the state emblem of the Azerbaijan SSR wa depicted in Cyrilic letters.
On May 5, 1956, the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan SSR approved the "Regulations on the State Emblem of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic", which established a more accurate depiction, including a light red circle, against which the elements of the coat of arms were depicted (in the constitutional description, there was no mention of this background).
On April 21, 1978, the new Constitution (Basic Law) of the Azerbaijani SSR was adopted, the description of the state emblem in which remained unchanged, but in the graphic annex to the "Regulations on the State Emblem of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic", the sun's rays were depicted somewhat less often, and the shade of the pink circle is lighter than in the figure in the 1956 Statute.
- Agentstvo pechati "Novosti." Izdatelʹstvo (1967). Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Novosti Press Agency Publishing House. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- Sarijalinskaya, K. "National Emblem of the Soviet Azerbaijan" (PDF). symbols.preslib.az. Administrative Department of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan - Presidential Library. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
- Schmöger, Marcus (16 September 2001). "Azerbaijan in the Soviet Union". www.crwflags.com. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
- Russian Centre of Vexillology and Heraldry (20 April 2017). "Азербайджанская ССР". heraldicum.ru. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
- Siemer, Christian (4 June 2002). "ASERBAIDSCHAN - Geschichte der Wappen". www.christian-siemer.de. Archived from the original on 17 June 2002. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
- "Coats of arms". www.azerbaijans.com. 2011. Archived from the original on 1 September 2017. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
- Constitution of the Azerbaijan SSR (1921)
- Constitution of the Azerbaijan SSR (1931)
- "Гербы и флаги СССР", 1972
- "Физкультура и спорт" (Physical Culture and Sport), № 12, 1938
Presidential Library of Azerbaijan
- A document about the emblem of Azerbaijan and the Azerbaijan SSR.
- A document about the emblem of Azerbaijan and the Azerbaijan SSR (in Azerbaijani) - The document contains article about the coat of arms of the Azerbaijani SSR in constitutions and decrees.
- The Constitution of Azerbaijan and the Azerbaijan SSR (in Azerbaijani) - The constution contains the description of the historical coats of arms of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic.
- The Constitution of Azerbaijan and the highlights of the constitutions of the Azerbaijan SSR.
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