Emblem of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic

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Emblem of Byelorussia
Emblem of the Byelorussian SSR (1981-1991).svg
Versions
Emblem of the Byelorussian SSR (1958-1981).svg
1958-1981
Details
Armiger Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic
Adopted 1937
Crest Red star
Supporters Stalks of wheat, clover and flax
Motto Пралетарыі ўсіх краін, яднайцеся! (Belarusian)

Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Russian)

"Workers of the world, unite!"
Earlier versions Emblem of the Byelorussian SSR (1919).svg Emblem of the Byelorussian SSR (1927).svg Emblem of the Byelorussian SSR (1926-1937).svg Emblem of the Byelorussian SSR (1938-1949).svg

The Byelorussian SSR emblem was used as the coat of arms of the Soviet Socialist Republic until the fall of the Soviet Union. The coat of arms is based on the coat of arms of the Soviet Union.

The central feature of the emblem is the crossed hammer and sickle, the universal Communist symbol signifying the unity of the worker and the peasant. Below the hammer and sickle is a globe, which is superimposed atop a rising sun. Wheat ears surround the central device, with flowers on each ear; clover on the left and flax on the right. A red ribbon is wrapped around the wheat ears, signifying the red flag used by the Communist movement. At the base of the emblem, the letters БССР (BSSR) appear, shorthand for the full name of the republic, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (Беларуская Савецкая Сацыялістычная Рэспубліка Bielaruskaja Savieckaja Sacyjalistyčnaja Respublika), shown only once, since it reads the same in both Russian and Belarusian. On each side of the ribbon, the USSR State motto (Workers of the world, unite!) appear in Belarusian on the left (Пралетарыі ўсіх краін, яднайцеся! Pralietaryi ŭsich krain jadnajciesia!) and in Russian on the right (Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь!). At the top of the emblem, a red star for Communism is present.

The Byelorussian SSR had a coat of arms since 1926, yet the last emblem that was used was adopted in the 1980s. The earliest version also had the text in Yiddish and Polish. Other than that, the latest emblem and the earliest emblem only differed in minor details. The 1950s arms was designed by I.I. Dubasov, People's Artist of the USSR.[1] During the first years of the SSR the emblem shared basically the same background as the ones of the Russian SFSR and the Ukrainian SSR before the first version of the arms was used.

After independence, Belarus adopted the Pahonia as the national coat of arms. This changed under the presidency of Alexander Lukashenko after a controversial 1995 referendum in which the basic Soviet design was reintroduced with the outline map of Belarus replacing the hammer and sickle.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Heraldicum History of the Byelorussian SSR emblem. Retrieved Mar. 01, 2006. (Russian)

See also[edit]