Embraer E-Jet E2 family

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E-Jet E2 family
E175/E190/E195-E2
Computer-generated conception of the upcoming Embraer E-Jet E2 family.jpg
CGI representation of the E-Jets E2
Role Narrow-body jet airliner
National origin Brazil
Manufacturer Embraer
First flight 23 May 2016[1]
Introduction 2018 (scheduled)[2]
Status In development
Program cost $1.7 billion[3]
Unit cost
  • E175-E2: US$46.8 million (2013)[4]
  • E190-E2: US$53.6 million (2013)[4]
  • E195-E2: US$60.4 million (2013)[4]
Developed from Embraer E-Jet family

The Embraer E-Jet E2 family is a family of three narrow-body medium-range twin-engine jet airliners developed by Brazilian aerospace company Embraer, replacing the predecessor Embraer E-Jet family. The three variants share the same fuselage cross sections with different lengths and three different new wings, Pratt & Whitney PW1000G geared turbofans in two sizes, fly-by-wire controls with new avionics, and an updated cabin with 40% enlarged baggage bins.[5][6] Announced improvements per seat are 16 to 24% lower fuel burn and 15-25% lower maintenance cost.[7]

Launched at the Paris Air Show in 2013,[3] Embraer E-Jets E2 are scheduled for first deliveries in 2018.[2] The E190-E2 took its first flight on 23 May 2016.[1]

Development[edit]

In November 2011, Embraer announced that it would focus its attention on developing revamped versions of the E-Jet family, rather than an all-new aircraft, for the time being.[8]

The new variants would be better-positioned to compete with the Bombardier CSeries, and would be powered by new engines with larger diameter fans that would offer improvements in specific fuel consumption, as well as slightly taller landing gear and possibly a new aluminum or carbon fiber-based wing. Embraer named this new development "the E-jets second generation".[9]

The first E-Jet E2, an E190-E2, was rolled out on 25 February 2016 and made its maiden flight on 23 May in São José dos Campos. It flew 3:20 to Mach number 0.82, climbed to 41,000 feet, retracted the landing gear and flaps, and engaged the fly-by-wire in normal mode. It flew earlier than the previously anticipated second half of 2016: the program had fewer challenges than expected and introduction could happen in the first quarter of 2018. The plane is slightly below weight and the other two E190-E2 prototypes should fly within a year.[1]

The second prototype made its maiden flight on July 8, 2016. The flight lasted 2h 55m without any incidents. The first E-Jet E2 flew from Brazil to Farnborough Airshow just 45 days after its maiden flight, demonstrating maturity and confidence on the design.[10]

Design[edit]

GE Aviation, Pratt & Whitney, and Rolls-Royce were all possible engine suppliers.[11] In January 2013, Embraer announced it had selected Pratt & Whitney's PW1000G Geared Turbofan engine as the exclusive power for its new second generation of the E-Jet aircraft family.[12] Honeywell Primus Epic 2 was selected as the avionics package.[13] Moog Inc was selected to supply the Primary Flight Control System.[14]

Compared to the previous E-Jet family the E2 features a closed loop fly-by-wire control which – according to Embraer – reduces weight, increases fuel efficiency, enhances control and increases safety by full envelope protection in all flight phases.[15] Analysts account the fuel savings of the now closed loop fly-by-wire control at 1.5% because of design changes possible due to the enhanced flight stability and the resulting increased lift (lower tail downward force) and weight savings and drag reductions related to the 26% reduction in the horizontal tail (tailplane) size.[16] The E2 family has a new wing and landing gear.[1]

Variants[edit]

E175-E2[edit]

The E175-E2 model in the 80-seat range is the smallest in the E-Jet Second Generation family. The E175-E2 will be extended by one seat row from the E-175, by 0.6m, will seat up to 90 passengers, and is scheduled for first delivery in 2020.

E190-E2[edit]

The E190-E2 will be the same size as the E-190, with up to 114 seats. The E190-E2 is expected to enter service in the first half of 2018.

E195-E2[edit]

The E195-E2 will be extended by three seat rows from the E-195 by 2.85m, and will accommodate up to 144 seats. Slated to enter service in 2019, the E195-E2 directly competes with the Bombardier CS100.

In February 2016, Embraer announced it moved to expand the wing of the E195-E2 by 1.4 metres (4.6 ft) – increasing aspect ratio giving more lift and a better lift-to-drag ratio as well an increase of the MTOW by 2 t (4,400 lb). Results are increased range by 450 nmi (830 km) at sea-level starts, and 250 nmi (460 km) in hot and high conditions.[17][18]

Orders[edit]

Embraer officially launched the Embraer E-Jet E2 program during the 50th International Paris Air Show. The program was launched with launch customers North American major regional airline SkyWest Airlines and leasing company ILFC. Skywest is the launch customer of the Embraer E175-E2, with the airline firming up 100 Embraer E175-E2 aircraft, with another 100 Purchase Rights of the same type, which brings the total potential of the order to 200 aircraft. This order alone is valued at US$9.36 Billion.[19] ILFC is the launch customer for the Embraer E190-E2, and Embraer E195-E2, with the lessor signing a Letter of Intent (LOI) for 100 total. The potential order consists of 25 firm and 25 options for the Embraer E190-E2, and 25 firm and 25 options for the E195-E2. Embraer has also signed LOIs for a total of 65 E-Jet E2s from unnamed customers in Africa, Asia, Europe and South America. The LOIs are split between 15 firm and 50 options for the aircraft.[20]

One month after the Paris Air Show, ILFC signed a firm order for 50 E-Jets E2s (25 E190-E2s and 25 E195-E2s), with an option for 25 E190-E2s and 25 E195-E2s, bringing the potential order to up to 100 aircraft.[21]

On February 13, 2014, Indian carrier Air Costa announced a firm order for 50 E-Jets E2s with an option for 50 more. The firm order includes 25 E190-E2s and 25 E195-E2s, and the options are for 25 E190-E2s and 25 E195-E2s. With this order, the total of E-Jets E2 orders reaches to 200 firm and 200 options/purchase rights since the launch of the E2 program.[22]

During the week of the 2014 Farnborough International Airshow, Brazilian low cost carrier Azul Brazilian Airlines announced an order for EJet-E2s.Azul signed an LOI for 50 Embraer E195-E2s (30 firm, 20 options).[23]

On July 17, 2014, Hainan Airlines subsidiary Tianjin Airlines announced a firm order for 20 Embraer E190-E2s, with an option for 20 more of the same type.[24]

Firm Orders[edit]

Embraer E-Jets E2 Firm Orders
Date of
initial order
Country Customer Aircraft Type Orders
E175-E2 E190-E2 E195-E2
17 June 2013 United States SkyWest Airlines[n 1] 100 - - 100[19]
17 July 2013 United States ILFC[n 2] - 25 25 50[21]
13 February 2014 India Air Costa - 25 25 50[22]
19 July 2014 China Tianjin Airlines - 20 - 20[24]
21 May 2015 Brazil Azul[n 3] - - 30 30[25]
15 June 2015 United States Aircastle - 15 10 25[26]
11 July 2016 Indonesia Kalstar Aviation - 5 - 5[27]
Totals 100 90 90 280
Notes
  1. ^ Launch customer of E175-E2 variant.
  2. ^ Launch customer of E190-E2 variant.
  3. ^ Launch customer of E195-E2 variant.

Specifications[edit]

E-Jet E2 Brochure[28]
Variant E175-E2 E190-E2 E195-E2
Flight Deck Crew 2 pilots
Passenger capacity 88Y @ 31 in (HD : 90)
80 (8J @36 in +72Y @31 in)
106Y @ 31 in (HD : 114)
97 (9J @36 in +88Y @31 in)
132Y @ 31 in (HD : 146)
120 (12J @36 in +108Y @31 in)
Length 32.4 m (106 ft) 36.2 m (119 ft) 41.5 m (136 ft)
Wingspan 31,0 m (101.7 ft) 33,7 m (110.6 ft) 35.1 m (115 ft)[17]
Height 9,98 m (32.7 ft) 11 m (36.1 ft) 10,9 m (35.8 ft)
Maximum takeoff weight 44,800 kg (98,767 lb) 56,200 kg (123,900 lb) 60,700 kg (133,821 lb)[17]
Maximum landing weight 40,000 kg (88,185 lb) 48,730 kg (107,431 lb) 54,030 kg (119,116 lb)
Max payload weight 10,600 kg (23,369 lb) 13,080 kg (28,836 lb) 16,150 kg (35,605 lb)
Takeoff Run at MTOW 1,900 m (6,234 ft) 1,650 m (5,413 ft) 1,880 m (6,168 ft)
Landing field length at MLW 1,300 m (4,265 ft) 1,315 m (4,314 ft) 1,400 m (4,593 ft)
Maximum speed Mach 0.82, 470 kn (870 km/h)
Range (1 class, full) 2,060 nmi (3,820 km) 2,800 nmi (5,200 km) 2,450 nmi (4,540 km)[17]
Service ceiling 41,000 ft (12,000 m)
Engines Pratt & Whitney PW1715G Pratt & Whitney PW1919G/21G/22G/23G
Fan diameter 56 in (1.4 m) 73 in (1.9 m)
Thrust per Engine 15,000 lbf (67 kN) 19,000–23,000 lbf (85–102 kN)

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Yeo, Ghim-Lay (24 May 2016). "Embraer completes first flight of E-Jet E2". Washington DC: Flightglobal. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Embraer Launches "E2", the Second Generation of E-Jets" (Press release). Paris: Embraer. 17 June 2013. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Haynes, Brad (17 June 2013). "Embraer launches next E-Jets to strong demand, SkyWest orders up to $9.4 billion". Paris: Reuters. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c Baldwin, Mary-Anne (11 August 2013). "The E2: Embraer's next generation of EJets". Airline Fleet Management. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  5. ^ The Embraer E-Jet E2 Aircraftinteriorsinternational
  6. ^ Morris, John (8 November 2015). "Embraer Hopes For First Middle East E2 Orders". Aviation Week. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  7. ^ Embraer march 2016 book Slideshare
  8. ^ Trimble, Stephen (10 November 2011). "Embraer commits to re-engined E-Jets". Flightglobal. 
  9. ^ "Embraer Selects Pratt & Whitney's PurePower Engines for Second Generation of E-Jets" (Press release). São José dos Campos: Embraer. 8 January 2013. 
  10. ^ "E190 E2 Makes its International Debut at the Farnborough Airshow" (Press release). Embraer. July 10, 2016. 
  11. ^ Ostrower, Jon (20 March 2012). "E-Jet revamp promises three-way engine 'dogfight'". Flightglobal. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  12. ^ Polek, Gregory (14 January 2013). "Embraer Turns True Believer in Pratt's GTF". AINonline. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  13. ^ "Embraer Selects Honeywell to Provide Avionics for E-Jets Second Generation" (Press release). São José dos Campos: Embraer. 4 February 2013. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  14. ^ "Moog Announces Contract Award from Embraer for Flight Control System on Second Generation of E-Jets" (Press release). East Aurora, NY, USA: Moog. 13 May 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  15. ^ E195-E2 Embraer
  16. ^ Fehrm, Bjorn (8 April 2016). "Embraer's Fly-by-wire approach". Leeham News and Comment. Retrieved 9 April 2016. 
  17. ^ a b c d Trimble, Stephen (24 February 2016). "Embraer announces design revamp of E195-E2". Flightglobal. Retrieved 24 February 2016. 
  18. ^ "EJet-E2 ranged upped by 450nm". São José dos Campos: Leeham News and Comment. 24 February 2016. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  19. ^ a b "SkyWest Inc. Orders 100 New E-Jets E2 from Embraer as a Launch Customer" (Press release). Paris: Embraer. 17 June 2013. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  20. ^ Russell, Edward (17 June 2013). "Embraer launches E-Jet E2 with deals for 365 aircraft". Paris: Flightglobal. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  21. ^ a b "ILFC Signs Final Agreement For Up To 100 Embraer E-Jets E2s" (Press release). São José dos Campos: Embraer. 17 July 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  22. ^ a b "India's Air Costa places a firm order for 50 E-Jets E2s" (Press release). Singapore: Embraer. 13 February 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2014. 
  23. ^ "Brazil's Azul Signs LOI for up to 50 E195-E2 jets" (Press release). Farnborough: Embraer. 15 July 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  24. ^ a b "China's HNA Group Tianjin Airlines Purchases 20 E-Jets and 20 E-Jets E2" (Press release). Brasília: Embraer. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  25. ^ "Azul and Embraer Sign Firm Order For Up To 50 E-Jets E2" (Press release). São José dos Campos: Embraer. 21 May 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2015. 
  26. ^ "Aircastle Signs Firm Order for 25 Embraer E-Jet E2s" (Press release). Paris: Embraer. 15 June 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  27. ^ "Kalstar Aviation Signs Firm Order for up to 10 E190-E2s" (Press release). Farnborough Airshow: Embraer. 11 July 2016. 
  28. ^ "E-Jets E2 Folder" (PDF). Embraer. 13 June 2015. 

External links[edit]