Embraer EMB 202 Ipanema
|EMB 202 Ipanema|
The Embraer Ipanema is an agricultural aircraft used for aerial application, particularly crop dusting. It is produced by Indústria Aeronáutica Neiva, a subsidiary of Embraer located in the Brazilian city of Botucatu. The latest version of this aircraft is the first ethanol-powered fixed-wing aircraft, which could give it an economical advantage over the gasoline version. The aircraft is widely employed in Brazil, having market share of about 80%, and the 1,000th delivery was completed on March 15, 2005. Besides aircraft, alcohol-conversion kits for gasoline-powered Ipanemas are also sold. It is common to think that the Ipanema name comes from the Rio de Janeiro beach, but it actually comes from a farm with the same name, where it was first tested.
In the 1960s, the development of a Brazilian agriculture aircraft was motivated by the expansion of the agricultural products market, specifically soybean and sugar cane. During this time, the Ipanema aircraft was developed by engineers of the Aeronautics Technological Institute (ITA) on the Ipanema Farm, located in Sorocaba.
The first version of the aircraft, the EMB-200, made its first flight in 1970 and was certified in December 1971. The aircraft was equipped with a 260 HP piston engine. Series production started in 1972 by Embraer. In September 1974, the EMB-201 was introduced, including many improvements such as a 300 HP engine, new propeller, new wings and increased capacity.
In 1982, the production of Ipanema was transferred to Indústria Aeronáutica Neiva, recently acquired by Embraer. In 1992, a new model, called EMB-202 or Ipanemão( big Ipanema), was released. The new aircraft had improvements on aerodynamics, a 40% greater capacity, and optional, modern equipment for electrostatic aerial application.
In the following years, Neiva made significant improvements to the aircraft, such as adding winglets to the wingtips, adding an air conditioning system to the cabin, lowering the position of the wings, decreasing resistance and reducing the weight of the exhaust system.
Since ethanol is largely available in Brazil, costing only about 25-30% as much as aviation gasoline, many Brazilian farmers have attempted to fuel gasoline-powered Ipanemas with alcohol, with varying degrees of success. The result of this was the development of an alcohol-powered Ipanema, which was certified by the Brazilian General Command for Aerospace Technology (CTA) on October 19, 2004. The Ipanema engine had also 20% lower maintenance and operational costs. In 2015, a version of the Ipanema with redesigned winglets was presented on agricultural exposition Agrishow. The new winglets, designed by the department of Aeronautical Engineering of the University of São Paulo's São Carlos School of Engineering, increased in 20% the performance of the aircraft.
In parentheses are shown certification dates.
- EMB-200 (December 1971) with a 260 HP Lycoming engine, Mc Cauley propeller and 550 kg capacity.
- EMB-200A (December 1973) similar to EMB-200 with Hartzell propeller and an improved engine.
- EMB-201 (September 1974) with 300 HP Lycoming engine, Hartzell propeller and 750 kg capacity, plus improved aerodynamics.
- EMB-201A (April 1977) similar to EMB-201 with a new panel, controls and wings.
- EMB-201R Single-seat glider-tug aircraft for the Brazilian Air Force. Three were built for the Air Force Academy gliding club. Brazilian Air Force designation U-19.
- EMB-202 (May 1991) with 300 HP Lycoming engine, Hartzell propeller and 950 kg capacity.
- EMB-202A (October 2004) with 320 HP Lycoming engine, using ethanol fuel and a propeller with better performance, lower maintenance and lower operational costs.
- EMB-203 (November 2015) with 320 HP Lycoming engine, certificate in 2015, has a wingspan of 13.3 m and ith winglets redesigned, increasing control and improving the efficiency of spraying.
- Crew: one pilot
- Capacity: 950 kg (2,094 lb) of chemicals
- Length: 7.43 m (24.37 ft)
- Wingspan: 11.69 m (38.45)
- Height: 2.22 m (7.28 ft)
- Loaded weight: 1,800 kg (3,968 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × modifie Lycoming IO-540-K1J5, Hartzell constant speed propeller, 320 hp (240 kW)
- Usable fuel capacity: 264 lt of ethanol fuel (70 US gal.)
- Fuel consumption: 98 lt/h (26 US gal.)
- Take-off distance: 354 m (1,161 ft)
- Landing distance: 170 m (558 ft)
- Fast refueling valve
- Electrostatic crop-dusting system
- Differential GPS
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Grumman Ag Cat
- Ayres Thrush
- PAC Fletcher
- CallAir A-9
- Hongdu N-5
- Piper PA-25 Pawnee
- Piper PA-36 Pawnee Brave
- "Embraer entrega 1200ª unidade do avião agrícola Ipanema" (in Portuguese). Reuters, 31 January 2012. Retrieved: 1 February 2012
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