|Embraer Legacy 600, gear and flaps down|
|First flight||31 March 2001|
|Primary user||Vista Global|
|Number built||289 (as of 31 December 2020[update])|
|Developed from||Embraer ERJ family|
Design and development
The Legacy 600 (market designation adopted after 2005) is based on the ERJ-135 model. It was launched in 2000 at the Farnborough Airshow as the "Legacy 2000". The Legacy carries 13 passengers in three partitioned sections for 3,050 nautical miles (5,650 km; 3,510 mi) or 8 passengers for 3,450 nautical miles (6,390 km; 3,970 mi). It features added range via extra fuel tanks in the tail behind the baggage compartment and forward of the wing, winglets, and an extensive drag reduction program. It is certified to 41,000 feet (12,000 m) altitude versus 37,000 feet (11,000 m) for the airline configuration. The Legacy Shuttle can seat 19 to 37 in airline-style seats but without the range.
The first flight was made in June 2000, with the prototype of the ERJ-135 (PT-ZJA). This same aircraft was once the prototype of the first ERJ-145. New winglets and new wing-to-fuselage fairing was added, but no additional fuel tanks were available. The new fuselage fuel tanks were ready for the second prototype (PT-XJO), along with engine and avionics, that flew only in 31 March 2001. It was the second Embraer model to feature winglets, as the first were installed on the EMB-145SA military model. Embraer winglet models differed in shape and structure, due to their optimum design speed.
The Legacy 600 competes on the upper end of the small to mid-sized range of business jets and is considered a "Heavy Jet" aircraft. It has nearly the opposite design progression as the rival Canadair Challenger. The Legacy 600 was derived from the established ERJ family of regional jets, while the Canadair Regional Jet was developed by Bombardier from the Challenger business jet. Both lines of aircraft are competitors. Embraer has since launched an extensive lineup of business aircraft, from the entry-level Phenom 100 to the Lineage 1000, a bizliner version of the company's 100-seat E190.
U.S. private aviation companies offering Legacy 600-family business jets for charter include Embraer Executive Jet Services, Clay Lacy Aviation, ExcelAire, Aircraft Services Group and Jet Edge International.
Announced at the 2009 NBAA show, the Legacy 650 is a longer-range version of the Legacy 600, giving it a range capability of 7,220 km (3,900 nmi; 4,490 mi) non-stop with four passengers, or carry 1,134 kg (2,500 lb) more than the Legacy 600 for a 6,290 km (3,400 nmi; 3,910 mi) trip. It features also a lowered alley, with increased headroom. It was certified by the FAA in February 2011.
An enhanced version, the 650E, was announced at the 2016 NBAA and scheduled for introduction in 2017. It includes a synthetic vision system and autothrottle as standard, a restyled three-zone interior and comes with a 10-year or 10,000-flight-hour warranty. In August 2020 Embraer announced that it was stopping sales of the Legacy 650.
Accidents and incidents
On 29 September 2006, an ExcelAire Legacy 600 (aircraft registration N600XL) collided with Gol Transportes Aéreos Flight 1907, a Boeing 737-800, while cruising over Mato Grosso, Brazil. The Boeing aircraft crashed, killing all 154 passengers and crew, while the Embraer Legacy 600, despite serious damage to the left horizontal stabilizer and left winglet, was able to continue flying and landed at Cachimbo Air Force Base.
On 23 August 2023, a Legacy 600 belonging to the military Wagner Group (registered RA-02795) crashed in a field near Kuzhenkino, Tver Oblast, Russia. According to Russian officials, all 10 persons aboard, three crew members and seven passengers, including Yevgeny Prigozhin and Dmitry Utkin, were killed. DNA tests subsequently confirmed human remains recovered from the crash site exactly matched the flight's passenger manifest. Prigozhin was additionally identified by a partially severed finger on his left hand. Embraer stated they had not serviced the aircraft since 2019 due to international sanctions against the Wagner Group. US intelligence reported that an intentional explosion caused the aircraft to crash.
|Variant||Legacy 600||Legacy 650|
|Passengers||13 or 14|
|Baggage Capacity||286 cu ft (8.1 m3)|
|Length||86 ft 5 in (26.33 m)|
|Wingspan||69 ft 5 in (21.17 m)|
|Height||21 ft 9 in (6.64 m)|
|MTOW||49,604 lb (22,500 kg)||53,572 lb (24,300 kg)|
|BOW||30,081 lb (13,645 kg)||31,217 lb (14,160 kg)|
|Max Fuel||18,170 lb (8,240 kg)||20,600 lb (9,300 kg)|
|Max. Payload||5,193 lb (2,356 kg)||4,939 lb (2,240 kg)|
|Engines||Rolls-Royce AE 3007A1E||Rolls-Royce AE 3007A2|
|Thrust||7,953 lbf (35.38 kN), ISA+22°C||9,020 lbf (40.1 kN), ISA+15°C|
|Ceiling||41,000 ft (12,000 m)|
|Range[a]||3,400 nmi (6,300 km; 3,900 mi)||3,900 nmi (7,200 km; 4,500 mi)|
|Cruise||Mach 0.78 (447 kn; 829 km/h; 515 mph) at 41,000 ft (12,000 m)|
|Maximum Speed||Mach 0.80 (459 kn; 850 km/h; 528 mph) at 41,000 ft (12,000 m)|
|Takeoff (MTOW, SL, ISA)||5,614 ft (1,711 m)||5,741 ft (1,750 m)|
|Landing (Typical LW, SL, ISA)||2,685 ft (818 m)||2,842 ft (866 m)|
|Avionics||Honeywell Primus Elite|
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era
- Gulfstream G280
- Bombardier Challenger 350
- Bombardier Challenger 650
- Bombardier Challenger 850
- Dassault Falcon 2000
- 4 pax, LRC, NBAA IFR res.
- "10 years of Executive Aviation" (PDF). The Embraer Advantage (Press release). Embraer. April 2011. p. 4.
- "Embraer delivers very last ERJ". aeroTELEGRAPH. 6 July 2020. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
- 2018 Annual Report (PDF) (Report). GAMA. 31 March 2019. p. 17.
- "Primus Elite improves safety and flexibility for Legacy 600 operator" (Press release). Honeywell. 24 June 2015.
- "Air Charter Guide". Retrieved 25 August 2023.
- "NBAA 09: Embraer joins the '650' club". FlightGlobal. 19 October 2009.
- "USA gives thumbs-up to Legacy 650". FlightGlobal. 28 February 2011.
- Trautvetter, Chad (6 June 2016). "Embraer To Close Legacy 650 Assembly Facility in China". AIN Online. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
- "NBAA: Embraer unveils new version of Legacy 650". FlightGlobal. 31 October 2016.
- Willis, Dave (September 2020). "Embraer rationalises business jet line". Air International. Vol. 99, no. 3. p. 18. ISSN 0306-5634.
- "RA-02795 Wagner Group Embraer ERJ-135". www.planespotters.net. 23 August 2023. Retrieved 23 August 2023.
- "DNA confirms Wagner Group leader among crash victims, Russian officials say". ABC News. 27 August 2023. Retrieved 30 August 2023.
- Burford, Rachael (25 August 2023). "Wagner boss Yevgeny Prigozhin's body 'identified by missing finger'". Evening Standard. Retrieved 30 August 2023.
- "Yevgeny Prigozhin plane crash: Embraer Legacy 600 jet had good safety record, say reports". Reuters. 24 August 2023.
- Madhani, Aamer (24 August 2023). "US intelligence says an intentional explosion brought down Wagner chief Prigozhin's plane". The Associated Press. Retrieved 25 August 2023.
- Quarterly Shipments and Billings (Report). GAMA. p. 11.
- "Legacy 600 Brochure" (PDF). Embraer.
- "Legacy 650 Brochure" (PDF). Embraer.
- "Business Jets Specification and Performance Data" (PDF). Business & Commercial Aviation. Aviation Week. May 2015.