Embraer Phenom 100

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For other uses of the term Phenom, see Phenom (disambiguation).
EMB-500 Phenom 100
Pakistan Air Force Embraer EMB-500 Phenom 100 Asuspine-1.jpg
Role Very light jet
Manufacturer Embraer
First flight 26 July 2007[1]
Status Active
Produced 2007–present
Number built 330 as of 2015[2]
Unit cost
US$4,161,000 as of 2015[3]
Variants Embraer Phenom 300

The Embraer EMB-500 Phenom 100 [a] is a very light jet developed by Brazilian aircraft manufacturer Embraer. It has been type certificated as the Embraer EMB-500,[4] with 300 units delivered by 2014.[5]

Design[edit]

The Phenom 100 has a capacity for four passengers in its normal configuration, but it can carry up to seven passengers[6] with a single crew, with optional side facing seat and belted toilet. The cabin interior is designed by BMW DesignworksUSA.[7] It has a maximum flying range of 1,178 nmi (2,182 km) with four occupants and NBAA IFR Reserves. The first aircraft was delivered in December 2008,[8] when price was US$ 3.6 million,[9] while price was $4.5 million in 2015. It has an oval fuselage with a 7.985 m³ (282 ft3) passenger cabin, a 1.47m-high by 0.74m-wide (4.5'x2.1') door and 1.2'x1' windows,[10] and an unpressurized 1.70 m³ (60ft3) cargo hold.[6][11] Its structural life is 28,000 flight cycles or 35,000 hours, built of 20% composite materials.[11][12] A Phenom 100 may cost around US$2-3/mile to operate, whereas the G650 and similar may cost $5–6.[13]

The aircraft is fitted with two rear-mounted Pratt & Whitney Canada PW617-F turbofan engines rated at a take-off thrust of 7.2 kN (1,695 lb) to ISA+10. The engines have dual full authority digital engine control (FADEC). An automatic performance reserve (APR) feature boosts engine output to 1,777 lb in the event of engine failure on take-off.[14] Later model PW 617 F-E models have a 10-minute thrust rating at 1,820 lb.[15]

Development[edit]

A Phenom 100 about to land
Embraer Phenom 100 at KSNA

In April 2005 Embraer's Board of Directors approved the development of Very Light and Light jets. On November 9, the company announced at the annual NBAA convention that the very light jet would be called the Phenom 100, it also displayed a full-scale mock-up of the aircraft.

The aircraft first flew on July 26, 2007 at São José dos Campos, Brazil.[1] It was awarded a type certificate from Brazil's National Civil Aviation Authority on December 9, 2008[16] On December 24, 2008 the first aircraft was delivered to a customer.

Variants[edit]

Phenom 100
Initial production variant
Phenom 100E
Updated variant including multifunction spoilers.[17]
Phenom 100EV Evolution
Weight savings and thrust increase from 1,695lb to 1,730lb shortening time to climb to 41,000ft from 33min to 25min and reducing take-off distance at high-altitude and high-temperature airports from 6,609ft to 5,663ft. Garmin G3000 touch-screen flightdeck, entry-into-service planned for the first half of 2017 at a $4.495 million list price.[18]

Operators[edit]

The aircraft is operated by many private individuals, companies, fractionals, charter operators, aircraft management companies, and military operators.

Military[edit]

 Pakistan
 United Kingdom
  • RAF, Royal Navy - On 2 February 2016 the UK Ministry of Defence signed a contract KBR-Elbit Systems for the procurement and support of five Embraer Phenom 100 jets to train Royal Air Force and Royal Navy air crew until 2033. [20]

Aircraft deliveries[edit]

Embraer was originally planning to deliver 15 Phenom 100s in 2008 and 120–150 aircraft in 2009 but it ended up only delivering two aircraft in 2008 and had to trim its 2009 plan to 97 aircraft. Embraer had about 30 orders in late 2014.[21]

All Phenom assembly will be shifted to the Melbourne, Florida line from July 2016. The facility will be able to assemble up to 96 Phenoms and 72 Embraer Legacy 450/Embraer Legacy 500 annually.[22] More than 170 Phenom jets have been produced at the site til June 2016, mainly for the US market.[23]

Year 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Number of deliveries[2] 2 97 100 41 29 30 19 12

Incidents and accidents[edit]

Specifications (Phenom 100EV)[edit]

Phenom 100 Cockpit

Data from Embraer Phenom 100EV brochure[28]

General characteristics

Performance

  • Maximum speed: M 0.70
  • Cruise speed: 750 km/h (405 kt)
  • Minimum controllable speed: 97 kt IAS[29]
  • V2min: around 108 ktas, depending on circumstances[21] ()
  • Range: 2,182 km (LRC, four 200 lb occupants, NBAA IFR reserves with 100 nm alternate) (1,178 nm)
  • Service ceiling: 12,497 m (41,000 ft)
  • Hourly fuel burn[30] (600 nm trip, four 200 lb (91 kg) occupants, NBAA IFR Reserves. SL Takeoff, ISA)
    • 1st hour - 109 US Gal (414 l)
    • 2nd hour - 77 US Gal (292 l)
  • Take-off distance: 3,199 ft / 975 m (MTOW, SL, ISA)
  • Landing distance: 2,430 ft / 741 m (SL, ISA, four 200 lb occupants, NBAA IFR reserves with 100 nm alternate)

Avionics
Embraer "Prodigy Touch" Flight Deck (based on Garmin G3000)

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Phenom 100 is a marketing name the type is officially the Embraer EMB-500

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "First Phenom 100 Executive Jet Performs Maiden Flight" (Press release). São José dos Campos: Embraer. 26 July 2007. Retrieved 28 June 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "2015 General Aviation Statistical Databook & 2016 Industry Outlook" (PDF). General Aviation Manufacturers Association. 2016. 
  3. ^ "Business Jets Specification and Performance Data" (PDF). Business & Commercial Aviation. Aviation Week. May 2015. 
  4. ^ FAA Type Certificate Data Sheet No. A59CE. In particular, see A59CE, Note 6.
  5. ^ http://www.flyingmag.com/aircraft/jets/embraer-delivers-300th-phenom-100
  6. ^ a b http://aviationweek.com/site-files/aviationweek.com/files/uploads/2015/05/Business%20Airplane%20Tables_May_2015_revised.pdf
  7. ^ a b c Gerzanics, Mike (27 April 2010). "Flight Test: Embraer Phenom 300". Flightglobal. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  8. ^ Embraer Earns Phenom 100 Certification, Flying Magazine, 136, 3, 17
  9. ^ "Embraer Executive Jets Competitive Analysis" Embraer, 22 August 2011
  10. ^ George, Fred (13 March 2015). "Pilot Report: Embraer Phenom 100E". Aviation Week & Space Technology. Archived from the original on 18 March 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  11. ^ a b Gerzanics, Mike (9 February 2009). "Flight Test: Phenom 100 - building on a Legacy". Flightglobal. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  12. ^ a b Croft, John (12 May 2008). "Embraer Phenom 300: bolder big brother". London: Flightglobal. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  13. ^ Table Mission Costs for Turboprops Greater Than 12,500 lb., Jets Less Than 20,000 lb.
  14. ^ Business & Commercial Aviation - October 2008
  15. ^ AOPA Pilot: T-4. January 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ Croft, John (16 December 2008). "Brazil approves Phenom 100 very light jet". Washington DC: Flightglobal. Retrieved 6 August 2011. 
  17. ^ Thomas A Horne (November 2014). "Phenom update". AOPA Pilot: T-15. 
  18. ^ "Embraer unveils improved Phenom 100 Evolution". Flight Global. 27 July 2016. 
  19. ^ "This Week briefings". Flightglobal. 30 March 2009. Embraer Makes First Foray into Pakistan. Retrieved 28 June 2016. 
  20. ^ "UK Signs Major Deal for Military Aircraft, Training". Defense News. 2 February 2016. 
  21. ^ a b George, Fred (20 October 2014). "Pilot Report: Flying Embraer's Phenom 100E". Aviation Week & Space Technology. Archived from the original on 21 March 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  22. ^ Trautvetter, Chad (2 June 2016). "Embraer Starts Legacy 450/500 Production in U.S.". AINonline. Retrieved 3 June 2016. 
  23. ^ Sarsfield, Kate (8 June 2016). "Embraer opens Legacy final assembly facility in Melbourne". London: Flightglobal. Retrieved 8 June 2016. 
  24. ^ "Six dead as plane crashes into Gaithersburg neighborhood". Gaithersburg, MD: WJLA-TV. 8 December 2014. Retrieved 8 December 2014. 
  25. ^ NTSB
  26. ^ Croft, John (8 December 2014). "Phenom 100 Crash Is First Fatal For Light Jet". Aviation Week. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  27. ^ Croft, John (9 December 2014). "NTSB: Stall Warning Sounded Before Phenom 100 Crash". Aviation Week. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  28. ^ "Phenom 100 brochure". Embraer. 12 July 2016. 
  29. ^ a b c d "EMB-500 type certificate data sheet Revision 6" (PDF). FAA. April 1, 2015. 
  30. ^ a b "Phenom 100 executive jet performance". Embraer. 

External links[edit]

External images
Cutaway drawing of Phenom 100 from Flightglobal.com