Embraer Phenom 100

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For other uses of the term Phenom, see Phenom (disambiguation).
EMB-500 Phenom 100
Embraer EMB-500 Phenom 100 AN1695056.jpg
Phenom 100 with gear and flaps deployed
Role Very light jet
Manufacturer Embraer
First flight 26 July 2007[1]
Status Active
Produced 2007–present
Number built 340+[2]
Unit cost
US$4,161,000 as of 2015[3]
Variants Embraer Phenom 300

The Embraer EMB-500 Phenom 100 is a very light jet developed by Brazilian aircraft manufacturer Embraer, type certificated as the EMB-500.[4] More than 340 were in service in October 2016.[2]

Design[edit]

interior cabin
Airborne from below, clean configuration, showing its straight wing
on ramp, front
Phenom 100 Cockpit

The Phenom 100 has an oval fuselage with a 7.985 m³ (282 ft³) passenger cabin, a 1.47m-high by 0.74m-wide (4.5'x2.1') door and 1.2'x1' windows.[5] Its unpressurized cargo hold is 1.56m³ (54.9ft³).[6] Its structural life is 28,000 flight cycles or 35,000 hours, built of 20% composite materials.[6][7]

It has a capacity for four passengers in its normal configuration, but it can carry up to seven passengers with a single crew, with optional side facing seat and belted toilet.[3] The cabin interior is designed by BMW DesignworksUSA.[8]

The aircraft is fitted with two rear-mounted Pratt & Whitney Canada PW617-F turbofan engines rated at a take-off thrust of 7.2 kN (1,695 lb) to ISA+10 °C. The engines have dual full authority digital engine control (FADEC). An automatic performance reserve (APR) feature boosts engine output to 1,777 lb in the event of engine failure on take-off.[9] Later model PW 617 F-E models have a 10-minute thrust rating at 1,820 lb.[10]

It has a maximum flying range of 1,178 nmi (2,182 km) with four occupants and NBAA IFR Reserves.[11]

Development[edit]

In April 2005 Embraer's Board of Directors approved the development of Very Light and Light jets. On November 9, the company announced at the annual NBAA convention that the very light jet would be called the Phenom 100, it also displayed a full-scale mock-up of the aircraft.

The aircraft first flew on July 26, 2007 at São José dos Campos, Brazil.[1] It was awarded a type certificate from Brazil's National Civil Aviation Authority on December 9, 2008[12] The first aircraft was delivered on December 24, 2008.

Variants[edit]

Phenom 100
Initial production variant
Phenom 100E
Updated variant including multifunction spoilers.[13]
Phenom 100EV Evolution
Weight savings and thrust increase from 1,695lb to 1,730lb shortening time to climb to 41,000ft from 33min to 25min and reducing take-off distance at high-altitude and high-temperature airports from 6,609ft to 5,663ft. Garmin G3000 touch-screen flightdeck, entry-into-service planned for the first half of 2017 at a $4.495 million list price.[14]

Operators[edit]

The aircraft is operated by private individuals, companies, fractionals, charter operators, aircraft management companies, and military operators.

Its 2009 price was US$ 3.6 million,[10] and US$4.16 million in 2015.[3] A Phenom 100 may cost around US$2-3/mile to operate.[15]

Military[edit]

 Pakistan
 United Kingdom
  • Royal Air Force - Operated as part of the UK Military Flying Training System. On 2 February 2016 the UK Ministry of Defence signed a contract KBR-Elbit Systems for the procurement and support of five Embraer Phenom 100 jets to train Royal Air Force and Royal Navy air crew until 2033.[17]

Aircraft deliveries[edit]

Embraer was originally planning to deliver 15 Phenom 100s in 2008 and 120–150 aircraft in 2009 but it ended up only delivering two aircraft in 2008 and had to trim its 2009 plan to 97 aircraft. Embraer had about 30 orders in late 2014.[18]

All Phenom assembly will be shifted to the Melbourne, Florida line from July 2016. The facility will be able to assemble up to 96 Phenoms and 72 Embraer Legacy 450/Embraer Legacy 500 annually.[19] More than 170 Phenom jets have been produced at the site til June 2016, mainly for the US market.[20]

Year 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Number of deliveries[21] 2 97 100 41 29 30 19 12

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • December 8, 2014: An Embraer Phenom 100 with tail number N100EQ crashed into a suburban home in Gaithersburg, MD, while on approach to runway at Montgomery County Airpark. Six people were killed, three in the plane, three in a home on the ground.[22][23] The National Transportation Safety Board report stated "Safety issues relate to the need for a system that provides automatic alerting when ice protection systems should be activated on turbofan airplanes that require a type rating and are certified for single-pilot operations and flight in icing conditions, such as the EMB-500; and the need for training for pilots of these airplanes beyond what is required to pass a check ride".[24]

Specifications (Phenom 100EV)[edit]

Data from Embraer Phenom 100EV brochure[25]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 pilot
  • Capacity: 5 to 7 passengers
  • Payload:
    • Max : 755 kg (1,664 lb)
    • Full fuel : 253 kg (557 lb)
  • Length: 12.82 m (42 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 12.3 m (40 ft 4 in)
  • Height: 4.35 m (14 ft 3 in)
  • Empty weight: 3275 kg (7221 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 10,582 lb (4,800 kg[4])
  • Cabin altitude: 8,000 ft at 41,000 ft[7]
  • Cabin height: 1.5 m (4.9 ft)[8]
  • Cabin length: 3.35 m[8]
  • Max landing weight: 9,877 lb (4,480 kg)[4]
  • Max zero fuel weight: 8,885 lb (4,030 kg)[4]
  • Fuel capacity: 2,804 lb (1,272 kg)[26]
  • Powerplant: 2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PW617F1-E, 1,730 lbf (7.7 kN) of thrust each.[27]

Performance

  • Maximum speed: M 0.70
  • Cruise speed: 750 km/h (405 kn)
  • Minimum controllable speed: 97 kn IAS[4]
  • V2min: around 108 ktas, depending on circumstances[18] ()
  • Range: 2,182 km (LRC, four 200 lb occupants, NBAA IFR reserves with 100 nmi alternate) (1,178 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 12,497 m (41,000 ft)
  • Hourly fuel burn[26] (600 nmi trip, four 200 lb (91 kg) occupants, NBAA IFR Reserves. SL Takeoff, ISA)
    • 1st hour - 109 US Gal (414 l)
    • 2nd hour - 77 US Gal (292 l)
  • Take-off distance: 3,199 ft / 975 m (MTOW, SL, ISA)
  • Landing distance: 2,430 ft / 741 m (SL, ISA, four 200 lb occupants, NBAA IFR reserves with 100 nm alternate)

Avionics
Embraer "Prodigy Touch" Flight Deck (based on Garmin G3000)

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "First Phenom 100 Executive Jet Performs Maiden Flight" (Press release). São José dos Campos: Embraer. 26 July 2007. 
  2. ^ a b "Embraer Has News for Its Entire Range At NBAA". Aviation Week. October 31, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c "Business Jets Specification and Performance Data" (PDF). Business & Commercial Aviation. Aviation Week. May 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Type Certificate Data Sheet No. A59CE" (PDF). FAA. April 1, 2015. 
  5. ^ George, Fred (13 March 2015). "Pilot Report: Embraer Phenom 100E". Aviation Week & Space Technology. 
  6. ^ a b Mike Gerzanics (9 February 2009). "Flight Test: Phenom 100 - building on a Legacy". Flightglobal. 
  7. ^ a b John Croft (12 May 2008). "Embraer Phenom 300: bolder big brother". London: Flightglobal. 
  8. ^ a b c Gerzanics, Mike (27 April 2010). "Flight Test: Embraer Phenom 300". Flightglobal. 
  9. ^ "Embraer Phenom 100 Pilot Report" (PDF). Business & Commercial Aviation. Aviation Week. October 2008. 
  10. ^ a b "Turbine Pilot: Thrill from Brazil". AOPA Pilot. June 1, 2009. 
  11. ^ "Embraer Earns Phenom 100 Certification". Flying Magazine. March 9, 2009. 
  12. ^ John Croft (16 December 2008). "Brazil approves Phenom 100 very light jet". Flightglobal. Washington DC. 
  13. ^ Thomas A Horne (5 November 2014). "Phenom update". AOPA Pilot. p. T-15. 
  14. ^ "Embraer unveils improved Phenom 100 Evolution". Flight Global. 27 July 2016. 
  15. ^ "Mission Costs for Turboprops Greater Than 12,500 lb., Jets Less Than 20,000 lb.". 
  16. ^ "This Week briefings". Flightglobal. 30 March 2009. Embraer Makes First Foray into Pakistan. 
  17. ^ "UK Signs Major Deal for Military Aircraft, Training". Defense News. 2 February 2016. 
  18. ^ a b George, Fred (20 October 2014). "Pilot Report: Flying Embraer's Phenom 100E". Aviation Week & Space Technology. 
  19. ^ Chad Trautvetter (2 June 2016). "Embraer Starts Legacy 450/500 Production in U.S.". Aviation International News. 
  20. ^ Kate Sarsfield (8 June 2016). "Embraer opens Legacy final assembly facility in Melbourne". Flightglobal. London. 
  21. ^ "2015 General Aviation Statistical Databook & 2016 Industry Outlook" (PDF). General Aviation Manufacturers Association. 2016. 
  22. ^ John Croft (8 December 2014). "Phenom 100 Crash Is First Fatal For Light Jet". Aviation Week. 
  23. ^ John Croft (9 December 2014). "NTSB: Stall Warning Sounded Before Phenom 100 Crash". Aviation Week. 
  24. ^ "Aerodynamic Stall and Loss of Control During Approach - Embraer EMB-500, N100EQ" (PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. June 7, 2016. Accident Report. 
  25. ^ "Phenom 100 brochure". Embraer. 12 July 2016. 
  26. ^ a b "Phenom 100 executive jet performance". Embraer. 
  27. ^ http://prattwhitney.mwnewsroom.com/press-releases/pw617f1-e-engine-granted-transport-canada-type-certification-to-power-new-embrae-201610311074389001?lang=en-US

External links[edit]

External image
Cutaway drawing of Phenom 100 from Flightglobal.com