Embraer Phenom 300

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Phenom 300
Phenom 300 with gear retracting
Role Light business jet
National origin Brazil
Manufacturer Embraer
First flight 2008
Introduction 2009
Produced 2009–present[1]
Number built +700 (2023)[2]
Developed from Embraer Phenom 100[3]

The Embraer EMB-505 Phenom 300 is a light business jet designed and produced by the Brazilian aerospace manufacturer Embraer. Certified for single-pilot operations, it can carry up to 11 occupants.[4]

Work on the Phenom 300 started in response to customer demands for a larger private jet than the Phenom 100; while the design team originally intended for the aircraft to be a straightforward stretched derivative of the Phenom 100, a clean sheet approach was later adopted. The Phenom 300 featured more powerful engines, the addition of spoiler and winglets, along with an elongated cabin to accommodate more passengers. Several features, from its cabin and interior design to its landing gear and structure, can be traced back to the Phenom 100.

The prototype Phenom 300 conducted its maiden flight on 29 April 2008, type certification was received on 3 December 2009, permitting its entry into service that same month. In 2013, the Phenom 300 was the most delivered business jet. During March 2019, Embraer delivered the 500th Phenom 300, claiming more than half of the light jet market share since 2012. On 31 January 2020, Embraer announced that it was implementing a package of upgrades to the Phenom 300. Certification of the improved Phenom 300E was received during March 2020.

Development[edit]

Scale model at ILA Berlin Air Show 2006

During the early 2000s, Embraer was in the process of designing the Phenom 100 light business jet; while conducting market research, it was discovered that numerous potential customers were expressing a desire for a enlarged model of the aircraft.[3] Accordingly, in 2004, it was decided to produce a derivative of the Phenom 100, which the company designated as the Phenom 300. Initial design work was focused on a straightforward scaling up of the Phenom 100, however, Embraer later concluded that a "clean sheet" approach was necessary, leading to the adoption of more powerful engines, spoiler-equipped swept wings, and detachable aluminium winglets.[3] Various features from the Phenom 100 were transferred across, such as its relatively long structural life, an all-composite T-tail, trailing-link landing gear, fly-by-wire brakes, the Prodigy avionics suite, a cabin and cockpit interior designed by BMW DesignWorksUSA.[3]

On 29 April 2008, the prototype Phenom 300 conducted its maiden flight, flown by John Sevalho Corção and Embraer's chief pilot Eduardo Alves Meni; this flight took place several months ahead of the original development schedule.[3][5] On its second flight, made on 6 May, the prototype was flown from Gavião Peixoto to Embraer’s headquarters at São José dos Campos for further evaluation. A total of three Phenom 300s flew roughly 1,400 hours in support of the certification programme.[5] On 3 December 2009, the Phenom 300 received its type certification from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).[6] On 29 December 2009, Embraer delivered the first Phenom 300 to Executive Flight Services at the company's headquarters at São José dos Campos, Brazil.[7]

On 31 January 2020, Embraer announced that it was implementing a package of upgrades to the Phenom 300; resulting changes included the maximum speed being increased from Mach 0.78 to 0.80 (446 to 464 kn, 826 to 859 km/h, 513 to 534 mph), expanded endurance from 1,992 to 2,010 nmi (3,689 to 3,723 km; 2,292 to 2,313 mi), and the rated engine thrust being raised from 3,360 to 3,478 lbf (14.95 to 15.47 kN) via the adoption of improved PW535E1 turbofan engines.[8] During March 2020, the Phenom 300E received triple certification from Brazil’s ANAC, the FAA, and EASA.[9] By early 2023, the aircraft's equipped price was US$10.995 million.[10]

Design[edit]

Club seating with recessed aisle
From below, showing its swept wing
Garmin G1000 based flight deck

The Phenom 300 is a twin-engined cantilever monoplane with low-positioned swept wings. It is powered by a pair of Pratt & Whitney Canada PW535E turbofan engines that are mounted at the rear of the fuselage on pylons. The structure, which comprises 18% composite materials, has a rate lifespan of 28,000 flight cycles or 35,000 flight hours; it is considerably stronger than that of the Phenom 100 in part due to the aircraft's higher operating altitude.[3] It was decided not to equip the Phenom 300 with thrust reversers, instead relying on the use of fly-by-wire brakes with anti-skid protection incorporated.[3] It also has retractable tricycle landing gear. Despite the aircraft's increased size, the Phenom 300 is capable of flying out of various smaller commuter airports, such as London City and Telluride Regional Airport.[3]

The cabin can accommodate up to nine passengers along with a two-pilot crew; an additional passenger can be carried when being flown by a single pilot. Optional cabin fittings include rotating seats and a two-person side-facing divan in lieu of the seventh seat in the front.[3] The addition of a galley also comes at the cost of the seat opposite the entry door.[9] Access to the cockpit and cabin is via an airstair on the left-hand side. The Phenom 300 is equipped with an externally serviced private rear lavatory and is outfitted for single-point refueling.[6] For additional comfort, soundproofing is integrated along with the careful designing of various mechanical components to reduce noise generation.[9] It has an unpressurised cargo hold, large enough to hold six pairs of skis (or six golf bags), six roll-on bags, and six laptop bags.[3]

The cockpit of the Phenom 300 is equipped with three Garmin G1000 12in (305mm) liquid crystal displays, comprising a pair of flight displays and a single central multifunction display, along with traditional control yokes for the two pilots.[3] An alphanumeric keypad is used to interact with the flight management system, communications and navigation radios. The aircraft is provisioned a Garmin GFC700 digital three-axis autopilot that has dual-channel "fail passive" functionality with roll, pitch and yaw control as well as automatic pitch trim and Mach trim.[3] To reduce complexity and potential for confusion, mix-mode anti-icing measures were avoided in favour of exclusively using a variable bleed air system to heat both horizontal wings while permitting a safe level of ice to accrete on the vertical stabiliser. Electronic flight bags are available as optional equipment.[3] Later-built examples are equipped with the Prodigy Touch system.[11]

To better accommodate the cruise speed of the Phenom 300, which is noticeably higher than its Phenom 100 predecessor, a movable horizontal stabiliser in a T-tail configuration was adopted.[3] Pilots are able to set different trim positions for this movable tail to best suit take-off and cruise profiles, decreasing the amount of take-off "pull" needed to displace the elevator via the conventional cable and pulley controls, which are also used for the ailerons and rudder. Electrical actuation is used for the flaps, trim tabs, and autopilot operations.[3] To mitigate the aircraft's tendency to Dutch roll, a rudder on the ventral fin acts as a yaw damper.[12] Various avionics improvements have led to new functionality being added to later-built aircraft, such as predictive wind shear awareness, stabilized approach, emergency descent mode (in event of cabin depressurisation) and an in-house runway overrun awareness and alerting system (ROAAS).[9]

Variants[edit]

Phenom 300
Original EMB-505 model, produced since 2009.
Phenom 300E
In 2018, Embraer launched an upgraded model of Phenom, featuring a redesigned interior, new avionics suite (Garmin-G3000-based Prodigy Touch), and a Ground Power Mode for the engines.[13]
2020 Phenom 300E
An upgraded Phenom 300E was announced in 2020, featuring upgraded PW535E1 engines, with thrust increased to 3,478 lbf (from 3,360 lbf); maximum speed has increased to Mach 0.80 from 0.78 (464 vs. 446 kn), and range increased from 1,992 to 2,010 nmi (3,689 to 3,723 km; 2,292 to 2,313 mi).[8] Avionics improvements include predictive wind shear awareness, stabilized approach, and an Embraer-developed runway overrun awareness and alerting system (ROAAS).[9] In addition, Bossa Nova interior option became available.[8]
2020 Phenom 300MED
A ready-fit medevac configuration was made available in August 2020 for new-build aircraft. This program also allows existing Phenom 300s to be a retrofitted with a medevac interior.[14]

Operators[edit]

Access to the cabin is via an airstair on the left-hand side

Deliveries[edit]

In 2013, the Phenom 300 was the most delivered business jet, with 60 units.[30] It also led the industry in deliveries in 2014 and 2015.[31]

After July 2016, all Phenom assembly was transferred to the Melbourne, Florida line, which has the capability to assemble 96 Phenoms and 72 Embraer Legacy 450/Embraer Legacy 500s annually.[32] More than 170 Phenom jets had been produced at the site by June 2016, mainly for the US market.[33]

In March 2019, Embraer delivered the 500th Phenom 300, claiming more than half of the light jet market share since 2012; at the time it was being used in over 30 countries and had cumulative carried 2.5 million passengers across 600,000 flights and 800,000 hours.[34] As of february 2023 700 units have been delivered.[2]

Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019[35] 2020[36] 2021[37] 2022[38] 1T23[39]
Number of deliveries[40] 1 26 42 48 60 73 70 63 54 53 51 50 56 59 4

Accidents and incidents[edit]

As of January 2023, the Phenom 300 has been involved in three hull-loss accidents causing five fatalities.[41]

  • On 31 July 2015, a Phenom 300, aircraft registration HZ-IBN, crashed into a car park whilst trying to land at Blackbushe Airport in Hampshire. All four persons on board the Saudi-registered private jet died in the crash and subsequent fire.[42]
  • On 2 January 2023, Phenom 300 N555NR crashed shortly after takeoff on the grounds of Provo Municipal Airport in Utah. The pilot was killed, one passenger was critically injured, and the two other passengers received minor injuries. The cause of the crash is under investigation.[43]

Specifications (Phenom 300E)[edit]

Data from Embraer Phenom 2020 300E brochure,[44] Aircraft Performance Database[45]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 or 2 pilots
  • Capacity: 6–8 passengers (standard configurations); 10 passengers maximum (with passenger in cockpit, optional side-facing divan, and optional belted lavatory)
  • Length: 15.64 m (51 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 15.91 m (52 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 5.1 m (16 ft 9 in)
  • Max takeoff weight: 8,150 kg (17,968 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 2,428 kg[6]
  • Pressurization: 9.4 psi (0.65 bar; 65 kPa)[46]
  • Cabin height: 1.5 m (4.9 ft)[6]
  • Cabin width: 1.6 m (5.1 ft)[47]
  • Cabin length: 5.23 m (17.2 ft)[6]
  • Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PW535E1[8] turbofans, 15.471 kN (3,478 lbf) thrust each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 859 km/h (534 mph, 464 kn)
  • Range: 3,723 km (2,313 mi, 2,010 nmi) with IFR reserves, 5 occupants
  • Service ceiling: 13,716 m (45,000 ft)
  • Wing loading: 286 kg/m2 (59 lb/sq ft)
  • Fuel burn: 346 kg/h (760 lb/h) at 364 kn (674 km/h; 419 mph), 456 kg/h (1,010 lb/h) at 431 kn (798 km/h; 496 mph) (at FL410)[6]
  • Take-off distance: 978 m (3,209 ft) MTOW, SL, ISA[44]
  • Landing distance: 674 m (2,212 ft) 4 occupants at 200 lb each, NBAA IFR reserves, SL, ISA[44]

Avionics

See also[edit]

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morrison, Murdo (12 October 2018). "NBAA: Business jet designs that changed the industry". FlightGlobal.
  2. ^ a b "Embraer's Phenom 300 Becomes World's Best-Selling Light Jet for 11th Consecutive Year". aviationpro. Retrieved 23 January 2024.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Croft, John (12 May 2008), "Embraer Phenom 300: bolder big brother", Flightglobal, Reed Business Information, archived from the original on 28 March 2015, retrieved 28 March 2015
  4. ^ "Airweb/Embraer 300" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Retrieved 2 July 2023.
  5. ^ a b Thurber, Matt (4 June 2008). "Embraer's Phenom 300 enters flight-test phase". AIN Online.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Gerzanics, Mike (27 April 2010), "FLIGHT TEST: Embraer Phenom 300", Flightglobal, Reed Business Information, retrieved 28 March 2015
  7. ^ "News Breaks: Embraer Delivers First Phenom 300 Light Jet". Aviation Week. McGraw-Hill: 18. 11 January 2010.
  8. ^ a b c d Espindle, Mike (31 January 2020). "Embraer Unveils Speedier, Improved Phenom 300". Aviation Weekly.
  9. ^ a b c d e Thurber, Matt (7 April 2020). "Pilot Report: Embraer's New Phenom 300E". AIN Online.
  10. ^ "Purchase planning handbook – Jets table". Business & Commercial Aircraft. Second Quarter 2023.
  11. ^ a b Trautvetter, Chad (9 August 2014). "Prodigy Touch Upgrades Embraer Phenom 300 Cockpits". AINonline. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  12. ^ Gerzanics, Mike (9 February 2009). "Flight Test: Phenom 100 - building on a Legacy". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 16 August 2016.
  13. ^ Mark, Rob (22 January 2019). "A Look Inside the Phenom 300E". Flying.
  14. ^ "A Comprehensive Review of the Phenom 300". Elliott Jets. 23 October 2020.
  15. ^ "Fleet". flyhelijet.com. Retrieved 2 July 2023.
  16. ^ "Our fleet at your service". Evolem Aviation. Retrieved 2 July 2023.
  17. ^ "Flotte". ixair.com. Retrieved 2 July 2023.
  18. ^ https://www.jetkey.fr/
  19. ^ "Home". paneuropeenne.com. Retrieved 2 July 2023.
  20. ^ "Flotte". sdaviation.fr. Retrieved 2 July 2023.
  21. ^ "AIR HAMBURG PRIVATE JETS – Embraer Phenom 300/300E".
  22. ^ "Our Fleet". luxwing.com. Retrieved 2 July 2023.
  23. ^ Morrison, Murdo (21 April 2010). "FlairJet to add Europe's first Embraer Phenom 300 to fleet of two Embraer Phenom 100s". London: Flightglobal. Retrieved 26 November 2010.
  24. ^ "Trip Report: Embraer Phenom 300". Aviation International News. 23 January 2016.
  25. ^ "Embraer Phenom 300". claylacy.com. Retrieved 2 July 2023.
  26. ^ Bean, Larry (14 October 2017). "The Embraer Phenom 300 Gets Upgraded to the 300E". Robb Report.
  27. ^ "Embraer and Flight Options sign for 100 Phenom 300 Jets" (Press release). São José dos Campos: Embraer. 3 December 2007.
  28. ^ "Embraer Phenom 300 | Private Jet". flygv.com. Retrieved 2 July 2023.
  29. ^ "Get Embraer Jets' Phenom 300 Without Buying the Aircraft".
  30. ^ Sarsfield, Kate (29 December 2014). "NetJets converts Phenom 300 options into firm orders". Flightglobal. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  31. ^ "Embraer Phenom 300 is most-delivered business jet in the world for the third consecutive year" (Press release). Embraer. 23 February 2016.
  32. ^ Trautvetter, Chad (2 June 2016). "Embraer Starts Legacy 450/500 Production in US". Aviation International News.
  33. ^ "Embraer opens Legacy final assembly facility in Melbourne". Flight International. 8 June 2016.
  34. ^ "Embraer delivers the 500th Phenom 300 series aircraft, the most successful business jet of the decade" (Press release). Embraer. 25 March 2019.
  35. ^ Tyrrell, Michael (21 February 2020). "Embraer Phenom 300 was the most delivered light jet last year". aero-mag.com.
  36. ^ Espindle, Mike (28 April 2021). "$10 Million Phenom Takes Light-Jet Crown For Ninth Straight Year". Forbes.
  37. ^ "General Aviation Aircraft Shipment Report 2021" (PDF). GAMA. 16 May 2022.
  38. ^ "Embraer entrega 80 jatos no 4T22 e 159 jatos em 2022" [Embraer delivers 80 jets in 4Q22 and 159 jets in 2022] (in Portuguese). 17 February 2023. Retrieved 28 June 2023.
  39. ^ "Embraer entrega sete jatos comerciais e oito executivos no 1T23" [Embraer delivers seven commercial and eight executive jets in 1Q23] (in Portuguese). 26 April 2023. Retrieved 28 June 2023.
  40. ^ 2018 Annual Report (PDF) (Report). GAMA. 31 March 2019.
  41. ^ "Embraer Phenom 300 Statistics". Aviation Safety Network. 7 May 2020.
  42. ^ "Blackbushe Airport: Four dead in car auction site plane crash". BBC News. BBC. 31 July 2015.
  43. ^ "Top Nu Skin distributor killed in plane crash at Provo Airport". Deseret News. 3 January 2023. Retrieved 3 January 2023.
  44. ^ a b c "Embraer Phenom 300E Brochure" (PDF). Embraer. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  45. ^ "Aircraft Performance Database". eurocontrol.int.
  46. ^ "Purchase Planning Handbook" (PDF). Business & Commercial Aviation. Aviation Week. June 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 May 2020. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  47. ^ Embraer/Specification Sheet

External links[edit]

External image
image icon Cutaway drawing of Phenom 300 from Flightglobal.com