Embudo, New Mexico
Embudo, New Mexico
|Elevation||5,824 ft (1,775 m)|
|Time zone||UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-6 (MDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||915823|
Embudo (also Embudo Station) is an unincorporated community in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico, United States. It is on New Mexico State Road 68. The Embudo Station is located 2.9 miles (4.7 km) south of the intersection of New Mexico State Road 75, near where the Embudo Creek (Rio Embudo) flows into the Rio Grande.
The name "Embudo", meaning "funnel" in Spanish, was given to the area by early Spanish settlers because the spot where the Rio Embudo flowed between two distinctive cone shaped hills reminded them of a funnel.
Embudo was founded in 1881 when the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad opened a station (depot) there on its Chili Line. The station was named after the village San Antonio de Embudo, located two miles up the Embudo Creek, and until 1902 the communities shared a post office and were known jointly as Embudo. In 1900, anticipating a separate post office in the village, San Antonio de Embudo changed its name to Dixon after the Presbyterian missionary Dixon, who established a mission there. When the Dixon post office opened in 1902, however, Embudo lost its post office. Embudo got a post office again in 1905, only to lose it in 1909. However, since 1914 Embudo has had its own post office, zip code 87531.
Today, from the state road a concrete bridge, replacing the old wooden bridge, crosses the Rio Grande to the "Embudo Historic District" which consists of the old railway station and associated buildings. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) gauging station at Embudo, to measure the flow of the Rio Grande, was the first (USGS) stream gauging station and was established by John Wesley Powell in 1888. Embudo was also the first USGS training center for hydrographers.
Embudo was originally on U.S. Route 64 (US 64), a major national east-west highway and the main route between Santa Fe and Taos. In 1974 US 64 was realigned to end at Tonopah, Arizona rather than Santa Fe by passing Embudo.
Equally interesting as the old railroad station are the Casa Piedras also known as the Rock-a-Bye, the station master's home about a mile north of the station. The station master veneered his home and outbuildings with river rock cobbles, it is said to pass the time.
- Raul Midón, musician
- Casimiro Barela, Colorado politician
- Susan K. Herrera, member of the New Mexico House of Representatives
View of the mesa in 1885. The tracks for the Chili Line, now gone, can be seen in the foreground. Note funnel-shaped hill in background.
Similar view ca. 2008. NM Route 68 to Taos at right.
one of the finds at Johnnie Meier Classical Gas Museum in Embudo.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Embudo
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- Julyan, Robert Hixson (1998). The place names of New Mexico (2nd ed.). Albuquerque, New Mexico: University of New Mexico Press. p. 123. ISBN 0-8263-1688-3.
"Embudo" The place names of New Mexico
- ""Embudo Stream-Gauging Station (Established in 1888)" New Mexico Historic Markers". Archived from the original on 2007-05-09. Retrieved 2008-02-11.
- McCarten, Neala (20 April 2016). Offbeat New Mexico: Places of Unexpected History, Art, and Culture. ISBN 978-0997332216.
- "Offbeat New Mexico: Places of Unexpected History, Art, and Culture"
- "National Register of Historic Places: New Mexico - Rio Arriba County - Historic Districts"
- noaa.gov: Rio Grande at Embudo