Embudo, New Mexico

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Embudo Historic District
Embudo Station 2.jpg
Old railroad water tower at the Embudo Station
Embudo, New Mexico is located in New Mexico
Embudo, New Mexico
LocationUS 64, Embudo, New Mexico
Area18 acres (7.3 ha)
Built1880 (1880)
NRHP reference No.79001547[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPMarch 12, 1979
Designated NMSRCPJanuary 20, 1977

Coordinates: 36°12′47″N 105°55′30″W / 36.21306°N 105.92500°W / 36.21306; -105.92500

Embudo (also Embudo Station) is an unincorporated community in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico, United States. It is on NM State Road 68. The Embudo Station is located 2.9 miles south of the intersection of NM State Road 75, near where the Embudo River flows into the Rio Grande.


The name "Embudo", meaning "funnel" in Spanish, was given to the area by early Spanish settlers because the spot where the Rio Embudo flowed between two distinctive cone shaped hills reminded them of a funnel.

Embudo was founded in 1881 when the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad opened a station (depot) there on its Chili Line. The station was named after the village San Antonio de Embudo,[2] located two miles up the Embudo River, and until 1902 the communities shared a post office and were known jointly as Embudo. In 1900, anticipating a separate post office in the village, San Antonio de Embudo changed its name to Dixon after the Presbyterian missionary Dixon, who established a mission there. When the Dixon post office opened in 1902, however, Embudo lost its post office. Embudo got a post office again in 1905, only to lose it in 1909. However, since 1914 Embudo has had its own post office,[2] zip code 87531.

Transport links[edit]

Today, from the state road a concrete bridge, replacing the old wooden bridge, crosses the Rio Grande to the "Embudo Historic District" which consists of the old railway station and associated buildings. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) gauging station at Embudo, to measure the flow of the Rio Grande, was the first (USGS) stream gauging station and was established by John Wesley Powell in 1888. Embudo was also the first USGS training center for hydrographers.[3]

Embudo was originally on US Rt.64 a major national east-west highway and the main route between Santa Fe and Taos. In 1974 Rt.64 was realigned to end at Tonopah, Arizona rather than Santa Fe by passing Embudo.

Equally interesting as the old railroad station are the Casa Piedras also known as the Rock-a-Bye, the station master's home about a mile north of the station. The station master veneered his home and outbuildings with river rock cobbles, it is said to pass the time.

Notable people[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  2. ^ a b Julyan, Robert Hixson (1998) "Embudo" The place names of New Mexico (2nd ed.) University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM, p. 123, ISBN 0-8263-1688-3
  3. ^ ""Embudo Stream-Gauging Station (Established in 1888)" New Mexico Historic Markers". Archived from the original on 2007-05-09. Retrieved 2008-02-11.
  4. ^ https://www.amazon.com/Offbeat-New-Mexico-Unexpected-History/dp/0997332212

External links[edit]