Emergency contraceptive availability by country

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This table includes a list of countries by emergency contraceptive availability.[1]

(LNG refers to Levonorgestrel and UPA refers to Ulipristal acetate).

Country Region Availability Over the counter Non-prescription Age restriction Cost Awareness Notes
Bangladesh Asia Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY ৳24,00 [2]
Bulgaria Europe Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Over 16 (LNG), None (UPA) €15,00 [3]
Canada North America Green tickY Green tickY (except Saskatchewan and Quebec) Green tickY (except Quebec)(LNG only) [4][5]
Czech Republic Europe Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY (except in the cases of LNG for under 16s) Over 16 (LNG), None (UPA) €24,50 (UPA)

€21,00 (LNG)

[6][7]
Denmark Europe Green tickY Green tickY(LNG only) Green tickY None €23,36 (UPA)

€12,45 (LNG)

45%[8] [9]
Estonia Europe Green tickY Green tickY(LNG only) Green tickY [10]
France Europe Green tickY Green tickY (LNG only) Green tickY €18,88 (UPA)

€6,75 (LNG)

[11][12]
India Asia Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY <33% [13]
Laos Asia Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Lebanon Asia Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Lesotho Africa Green tickY Red XN Red XN 35% [14]
Malawi Africa Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 45%[14]
Netherlands Europe Green tickY Green tickY (LNG only) Green tickY None €35 (UPA)

€15 (LNG)

Reimbursed under prescription
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe Green tickY Red XN Red XN €25,30–30,00 (UPA)

€14,50–22,50 (LNG)

Anacdotally available without prescription[15]
Curaco Caribbean Green tickY Red XN Green tickY (LNG only) None [16]
Botswana Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY (LNG only) [17]
Aruba Caribbean Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY None [18]
Bahamas Caribbean Green tickY Red XN Green tickY (LNG only) Only available in family planning clinics [18]
Barbados Caribbean Green tickY Red XN Green tickY (LNG only) Access restricted due to misinformation[19][20]
Belize Central America Green tickY Red XN Green tickY (LNG only) Only available from family planning clinics[21]
Guatemala Central America Green tickY Red XN Green tickY (LNG only) [22]
Norway Europe Green tickY Green tickY (LNG only) Green tickY None €32,80 (UPA)

€24,60 (LNG)

Often free of charge of needy patients [23]
Portugal Europe Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Free from family planning centres, €12 otherwise [24]
Romania Europe Green tickY Green tickY (LNG only) Green tickY None €20 (UPA)

€13 (LNG)

[25]
Slovakia Europe Green tickY Green tickY (LNG only) Green tickY None €27 (UPA)

€22 (LNG)

[26]
South Africa Africa Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY R86,68–100,75 (LNG) 23% [27][28]
Sweden Europe Green tickY Green tickY (LNG only) Green tickY None €25 (UPA)

€17 (LNG)

Free from youth centres

[29][30]
United States of America North America Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY None[31] 45%[32]
Uzbekistan Asia Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY
Myanmar Asia Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY None Under Ks1,000 Sale was stopped by authorities during holidays[33][34]
Cuba Caribbean Green tickY Red XN Green tickY [35]
Armenia Caucasus Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Australia Oceania Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Austria Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY None €31,90 (UPA)

€12,90–13,50 (LNG)

[36]
Azerbaijan Asia Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Belarus Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY (LNG only) None €17 (UPA)

€10 (LNG)

[37]
Belgium Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY None €24,99 (€15,99 if <21 years old) (UPA),

€8,55–€9,85 (€0–€0,85 if <21 years old) (LNG)

Fully reimbursed under perscription if under 21 [38]
Benin Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Burkina Faso Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Cameroon Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Chad Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Cambodia Asia Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Colombia South America style="background:#9F9;vertical-align:middle;text-align:center;" class="table-yes"|Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Chile South America Green tickY Red XN Green tickY None [39]
China Asia Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Congo, Republic of (Brazzaville) Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Croatia Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY (LNG only) LNG only available without prescription if over 16 years old €25,60 (UPA)

€21,40 (UPA)

[40]
Cyprus Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY None €29,42 (UPA) Only UPA is available due to financial crisis [41]
Central African Republic Africa Green tickY Red XN Red XN
Djibouti Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Andorra Europe No data
Dominican Republic Central America Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
El Salvador Central America Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Ethiopia Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Finland Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY None €33,60 (UPA)

€18,87 (LNG)

Sometimes provided free of charge [42][43]
Gabon Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY 49%[14]
Georgia Caucasus Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Germany Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Parental consent if under 14 years old[44] €30 (UPA)

€18 (LNG)

If under 20 years old, free with prescription[45]
Indonesia Asia Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Ghana Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY 64%[14]
Algeria Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY (LNG only) [46]
Greece Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Guinea-Conakry Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Guyana Caribbean Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Iceland Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Iran Asia Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Ireland Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY No age restriction[47]
Israel Middle East Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Italy Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Ivory Coast Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Jamaica Central America Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Kosovo Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Latvia Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Lithuania Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Luxembourg Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Madagascar Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Malaysia Asia Green tickY Red XN Green tickY $1.30-5.00 (LNG)
Mali Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Mauritania Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Mauritius Indian Ocean Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Mexico North America Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Moldova Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Montenegro Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Mozambique Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Nepal Asia Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
New Zealand Oceania Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Niger Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Nigeria Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Pakistan Asia Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Poland Europe Green tickY Red XN Red XN [48]
Serbia Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Slovenia Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Spain Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY None [49]
Sri Lanka Asia Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Suriname South America Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Switzerland Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Tajikistan Asia Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Thailand Asia Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Tunisia Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
United Kingdom Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Over 16 only Free [50]
Uruguay South America Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Venezuela South America Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Vietnam Asia Green tickY Red XN Green tickY
Antigua and Barbuda Caribbean Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Some restrictions [51]
Albania Europe Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY [52]
Russia Asia Green tickY Red XN Red XN €7,55 (LNG) De facto sold over counter, only LNG available[53]
Turkey Asia Green tickY Red XN Green tickY €12 [54]
Singapore Asia Green tickY Red XN Red XN [55]
Japan Asia Green tickY Red XN Red XN [56][57]
South Korea Asia Green tickY Red XN Red XN [58]
Hungary Europe Green tickY Red XN Red XN Anacdotally easy to get without prescription along boarders[59]
Hong Kong Asia Green tickY Red XN Red XN [60]
Kazakhstan Asia Green tickY Red XN Red XN €15,10 (UPA)

€5,54 (LNG)

Easy to get without prescription along borders[61]
Kuwait Asia Green tickY Red XN Red XN [62]
Kyrgyzstan Asia Green tickY Red XN Red XN [63]
Taiwan Asia Green tickY Red XN Red XN [64]
Bulgaria Europe Green tickY Red XN Green tickY (LNG for over 16s only) LNG only available without prescription for over 16s €22 (UPA

€15 (LNG)

[3]
Bolivia South America Green tickY Red XN Green tickY None Bs55.50 [65]
Brazil South America Green tickY Red XN Green tickY None Free at most public hospitals, R$35 otherwise [66][67]
Argentina South America Green tickY Red XN Green tickY Over 14 Free at all public hospitals in Buenos Aires [68][69]
Ecuador South America Green tickY Red XN Green tickY (only at public health clinics) None Free at public health premises [68][69]
Peru South America Green tickY Red XN Red XN None Free Many found to be counterfeit[70]
Kenya Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY None Ksh200 59%[14] [71]
Morocco Africa Green tickY Red XN Red XN [72]
Zambia Africa Green tickY Red XN Red XN [73]
Egypt Africa Green tickY Red XN Red XN [74]
Madagascar Africa Green tickY Red XN Green tickY [75]
Saudi Arabia Middle East Green tickY Red XN Red XN 6.2% [76] Prescription available, but not commonly accessible or known [76][77][78]
UAE Middle East Red XN [79]
Oman Middle East Red XN [80]
Bahrain Middle East Red XN [81]
Brunei Asia Red XN Possibly due to small population [81]
Cape Verde Africa Red XN Possibly due to small population [81]
Costa Rica Central America Red XN Due to active opposition [81]
East Timor Oceania Red XN Due to conflict in the region [81]
Honduras Central America Red XN Due to active opposition[81]
Jordan Middle East Red XN [81]
Libya Africa Red XN Due to conflict in the region[81]
Malta Europe Red XN Due to active opposition [81]
Micronesia Oceania Red XN Possibly due to small population [81]
Montenegro Europe Red XN Possibly due to small population [81]
North Korea Asia Red XN Due to conflict in the region[81]
Philippines Asia Red XN Due to active opposition[81]
Qatar Middle East Red XN [81]
Saint Kitts & Nevis West Indies Red XN Possibly due to small population [81]
Samoa Oceania Red XN Possibly due to small population [81]
Somalia Africa Red XN Due to conflict in the region[81]
Sudan Africa Red XN Due to conflict in the region[81]
Tuvalu Polynesia Red XN Possibly due to small population[81]
Western Sahara Africa Red XN Due to conflict in the region and a small population[81]
Afgahnistan Asia Import only [81]
Angola Africa Import only [81]
Bhutan Asia Import only [81]
Burundi Africa Import only [81]
Comoros Africa Import only [81]
Equatorial Guinea Africa Import only [81]
Eritrea Africa Import only [81]
Fiji Oceania Import only [81]
Gambia Africa Import Only [82]
Guinea-Bissau Africa Import only [81]
Haiti Caribbean Import only [81]
Iraq Asia Import only [81]
Kiribati Polynesia Import only [81]
Kosovo Europe Import only [81]
Laos Asia Import only [81]
Maldives Asia Import only [81]
Papa New Guinea Oceania Import only [81]
Rwanda Africa Import only [81]
Saint Vincent & Grenadines Caribbean Import only [81]
Sao Tome & Principe Africa Import only [81]
Seychelles Africa Import only [81]
Solomon Islands Oceania Import only [81]
South Sudan Africa Import only [81]
Syria Asia Import only [81]
Tonga Polynesia Import only [81]
Vanuatu Oceania Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY 1000 Vatu Personal experience in Port Vila, Efate 2018
West Bank and Gaza Middle East Import only [81]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Countries with non-prescription access to EC
  2. ^ Introducing Emergency Contraception in Bangladesh: A feasibility study
  3. ^ a b Bulgaria - ECEC
  4. ^ "Emergency Contraception - Sex & U". 
  5. ^ Plan B Canada. "plan B - The Morning After Pill". Retrieved 2010-01-08. 
  6. ^ Czech Republic - ECEC
  7. ^ "Czech Republic: Morning-after pill made available over the counter". Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  8. ^ "Emergency contraception: knowledge and use among Danish women requesting termination of pregnancy". Contraception. 66 (6): 427–431. 1 December 2002. doi:10.1016/S0010-7824(02)00416-X – via www.sciencedirect.com. 
  9. ^ Denmark - ECEC
  10. ^ "Estonia - ECEC". 
  11. ^ "Emergency contraception: Steps being taken to improve access". Guttmacher Institute. December 2002. Retrieved 2006-11-11. 
  12. ^ "France - ECEC". 
  13. ^ Dixit, Anvita; Khan, M. E.; Bhatnagar, Isha (14 April 2018). "Mainstreaming of Emergency Contraception Pill in India: Challenges and Opportunities". Indian Journal of Community Medicine : Official Publication of Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine. 40 (1): 49–55. doi:10.4103/0970-0218.149271. PMC 4317981Freely accessible. PMID 25657513. 
  14. ^ a b c d e http://www.cecinfo.org/custom-content/uploads/2017/05/ICEC-DHS-101317.pdf
  15. ^ "Bosnia and Herzegovina - ECEC". 
  16. ^ "Curacao - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  17. ^ "Botswana - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  18. ^ a b "Aruba - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  19. ^ "Half of Providers in Jamaica and Barbados Have Refused to Dispense Emergency Contraception". 29 January 2008. 
  20. ^ "Barbados - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  21. ^ "Belize - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  22. ^ "Guatemala - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  23. ^ "Norway - ECEC". 
  24. ^ "Morning After Pill in Europe: Where You Can & Can't Find it". 20 December 2016. 
  25. ^ "Romania - ECEC". 
  26. ^ "Slovakia - ECEC". 
  27. ^ Smit, J.; McFadyen, L.; Beksinska, M.; de Pinho, H.; Morroni, C.; Mqhayi, M.; Parekh, A.; Zuma, K. (1 December 2001). "Emergency contraception in South Africa: knowledge, attitudes, and use among public sector primary healthcare clients". Contraception. 64 (6): 333–337. PMID 11834230. 
  28. ^ "Medicine Price Registry". Health-E News. 29 March 2018. 
  29. ^ "Akut-p-piller". sjukvardsradgivningen.se (in Swedish). 2006-10-25. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
  30. ^ "Sweden - ECEC". 
  31. ^ "Judge Strikes Down Age Limits on Morning-After Pill". NY Times. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  32. ^ Payakachat, Nalin; Ragland, Denise; Houston, Cherri (14 April 2018). "Impact of emergency contraception status on unintended pregnancy: observational data from a women's health practice". Pharmacy Practice. 8 (3): 173–178. PMC 4127052Freely accessible. PMID 25126137. 
  33. ^ "Time for new thinking on contraception". 
  34. ^ "Doctors Warn of Rising 'Morning-After Pill' Use, Abuse in Burma". 23 January 2014. 
  35. ^ "Cuba - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  36. ^ "Austria - ECEC". 
  37. ^ "Belarus - ECEC". 
  38. ^ "Belgium - ECEC". 
  39. ^ "Chile Court Okays Morning-After Pill". The Santiago Times. 2006-11-13. Retrieved 2006-11-17. 
  40. ^ "Croatia - ECEC". 
  41. ^ "Cyprus - ECEC". 
  42. ^ "News about the NorLevo becoming prescription-free". Finnish National Agency for Medicines. January 2002. Archived from the original on 2006-08-27. Retrieved 2007-01-05. 
  43. ^ "Finland - ECEC". 
  44. ^ Bundesapothekerkammer: Rezeptfreie Abgabe von Notfallkontrazeptiva („Pille danach“), S. 10., January 28th 2015, accessed on am February 27th 2015
  45. ^ "Germany - ECEC". 
  46. ^ "Algeria - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  47. ^ RTÉ News - Most pharmacists asked for morning-after pill
  48. ^ Boffey, Daniel (26 June 2017). "Polish government widely condemned over morning-after pill law". the Guardian. 
  49. ^ País, Ediciones El (12 May 2009). "Reportaje - La píldora poscoital ya es libre. Y no es aborto" – via elpais.com. 
  50. ^ "Contraception: past, present and future". UK Family Planning Association. April 2006. Archived from the original on 2006-09-28. Retrieved 2006-11-09. 
  51. ^ "Planned Parenthood head not in support of morning-after pill for minors". 12 June 2013. 
  52. ^ "Albania - ECEC". 
  53. ^ "Russian Federation - ECEC". 
  54. ^ "Turkey - ECEC". 
  55. ^ "Emergency Contraception". aware.org.sg. Retrieved 2018-03-04. 
  56. ^ "Getting the Contraceptive Pill in Japan - Savvy Tokyo". 12 July 2016. 
  57. ^ "緊急避妊薬、1月下旬にも使用可 審議会が承認意見". Archived from the original on December 28, 2010. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  58. ^ "South Korea - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  59. ^ "Hungary - ECEC". 
  60. ^ "Should morning-after pills be made available over the counter in Hong Kong? - Hong Kong Free Press HKFP". 8 March 2016. 
  61. ^ "Kazakhstan - ECEC". 
  62. ^ "Kuwait - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  63. ^ "Kyrgyzstan - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  64. ^ "Taiwan - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  65. ^ "Bolivia - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  66. ^ "Brazil - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  67. ^ "CMI Brasil - Ministério amplia a distribuição gratuita da pílula do dia seguinte". Midiaindependente.org. Archived from the original on 2013-02-20. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
  68. ^ a b "Argentina - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  69. ^ a b "Buenos Aires Ciudad - Salud Sexual y Reproductiva". Buenosaires.gov.ar. Retrieved 2013-02-14. 
  70. ^ "Nearly one-third of morning-after pills in Peru are fake". 
  71. ^ "Kenya - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  72. ^ "Morocco - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  73. ^ "Zambia - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  74. ^ "Egypt - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  75. ^ "Madagascar - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  76. ^ a b Karim, Syed Irfan; Irfan, Farhana; Rowais, Norah Al; Zahrani, Basma Al; Qureshi, Riaz; Qadrah, Bedoor H Al (14 April 2018). "Emergency contraception: Awareness, attitudes and barriers of Saudi Arabian Women". Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 31 (6): 1500–1505. doi:10.12669/pjms.316.8127. PMC 4744309Freely accessible. PMID 26870124. 
  77. ^ "Saudi Arabia - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  78. ^ "Riyadh - Gynopedia". gynopedia.org. 
  79. ^ UAE doctors call for end to ban on morning-after pill
  80. ^ "Oman - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)". 
  81. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as Emergency Contraceptive Pill Registration Status by Country
  82. ^ "Gambia - International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC)".