Emerging power

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Euler diagram of some international coalitions (BASIC, BRICS, G5 and IBAS/IBSA) of some emerging powers (Brazil, China, India, Russia and South Africa) plus Mexico

An emerging power or rising power is a state or union of states with significant rising influence in global affairs. Such a power aspires to have a more powerful position or role in international relations, either regionally or globally, and possess sufficient resources and levels of development that such goals are potentially achievable.


There are few available conceptualizations of the term "emerging power". Therefore, there is no standard or agreed method to decide which states are emerging powers.[citation needed] However, a fundamental characteristic of an emerging power is that it is also an emerging economy, being that economic development is necessary and preliminary to political and military emergence.[1] It has been argued that while a country may be an emerging power, it is above anything else an emerging economy with only the potential or hope of increasing their global influence. This is because of several limiting factors, largely the seven dimensions of state power: geography, population, economy, resources, military, diplomacy, and national identity.[2] Traditionally, only great powers or superpowers have succeeded in all seven dimensions of state power.

The BRICS[3] are often cited as being emerging powers, but at varying stages of development and of varying degrees of potential. For example, Russia, which was once a superpower, is now re-emerging in some aspects of state power following the fall of the Soviet Union. China and India are emerging as potential superpowers, while Brazil is emerging as a possible great power.[4][5][6]

List of emerging powers[edit]

The term emerging power is often used to delineate the following G20 countries:
Advanced economies and/or developed countries of the G20 major economies

Emerging markets and/or developing countries of the G20 major economies

Although there is no exact and agreed upon definition of what constitutes an emerging power, the term has sometimes been also applied to the following other countries:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kennedy, Paul (1987). The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers. Random House. ISBN 0679-720197.
  2. ^ Renard, Thomas; Biscop, Sven (2013). The European Union and Emerging Powers in the 21st Century: How Europe Can Shape a New Global Order.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Shaw, Timothy M.; Cornelissen, Scarlett; Miranda, Liliana Avendãno; McDonald, Matthew (June 2010). "The Emerging Politics of the Emerging Powers: The BRICs and the Global South" (PDF). The China Monitor. University of Stellenbosch, South Africa: Centre For Chinese Studies. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 December 2013. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  4. ^ "Brazil as an Emerging Power: The View from the United States". Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 31 July 2023.
  5. ^ "CHAPTER ONE - Brazil, the Emerging Powers, and the Future of the International Order" (PDF). Brookings Institution. 28 June 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2023.
  6. ^ "Aspirational Power". Brookings. Retrieved 31 July 2023.
  7. ^ a b c d What does it mean to be an Emerging Power?, moderndiplomacy.eu, 3 May 2015
  8. ^ The Growth of South Korean Soft Power and Its Geopolitical Implications
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Parliamentary Information and Research Service: Emerging Powers in the global system Archived 26 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine, parl.gc.ca, 27 March 2006
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h Stacy White, CSIS: Emerging Powers, Emerging Donors, Published February 2011
  11. ^ a b c d e f FRIDE: The international arena and emerging powers: stabilising or destabilising forces? Archived 15 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Susanne Gratius, April 2008
  12. ^ a b c "The Mint countries: Next economic giants?". BBC. 6 January 2014. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  13. ^ "Mexico has a chance to be the world's 'next great power'". businessinsider.com. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  14. ^ Algeria, the Sleeping Giant of North Africa
  15. ^ PricewaterhouseCoopers. "Shift of global economic power to emerging economies set to continue in long run, with India, Indonesia and Vietnam among star performers". PwC. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  16. ^ "Colombia: from failed state to Latin American powerhouse". www.telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  17. ^ "The new world of business". Fortune. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  18. ^ Greenwood, John (18 September 2011). "After BRICs, CIVETS? September 19, 2011". Online.wsj.com. Retrieved 28 June 2012.
  19. ^ "Egypt among top 10 emerging economies". 22 January 2020.
  20. ^ "Rising powers and the future of peacekeeping and peacebuilding" (PDF).
  21. ^ "Emerging Markets - BRICS & CIVETS Resources @ Pitt (Brazil, India, Russia, China, South Africa & Colombia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Egypt, Turkey, South Africa and more". Archived from the original on 31 July 2020. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  22. ^ "Will Ethiopia be the next China?". The Week. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  23. ^ "5 reasons why Ethiopia could be the next global economy to watch". World Economic Forum. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  24. ^ Africa, Somtribune (29 August 2020). "Ethiopia Can Be Africa's Next Superpower". SomTribune. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  25. ^ "Ethiopia: East Africa's Emerging Giant". Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  26. ^ Iran An Emerging Power in Perspective Archived 17 November 2018 at the Wayback Machine, saisjournal.org, GARY SICK
  27. ^ a b c d Philippines included among emerging powerhouse economies
  28. ^ "Nigeria, an Emerging African Power". BET. 20 July 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  29. ^ "MINT Countries: Nigeria Now Listed Among Emerging World Economic Powers!". The Street Journal. 7 January 2014. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  30. ^ EST, Sam Hill On 01/15/20 at 7:00 AM (15 January 2020). "Black China: Africa's first superpower is coming sooner than you think". Newsweek. Retrieved 3 December 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  31. ^ The Middle East's Emerging Power: The Rise Of The Emirates

External links[edit]