Emerson LeRoy Cummings
|Emerson LeRoy Cummings|
Cummings presents award to Thomas H. Coulter, Chicago Association of Commerce and Industry, July 29, 1961
March 16, 1902|
New Boston, Michigan
|Died||January 24, 1986
Zephyr Hills, Florida
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1924–1962|
|Commands held||Chief of Ordnance
United States Army, Japan
Fifth United States Army
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal
Legion of Merit
Start of military career
Cummings graduated from the Engineer Officer Course in 1927.
In the 1920s and early 1930s Cummings served in Engineer assignments throughout the United States, including a staff position with the federal Alaska Road Commission and a posting to Fort Lewis, Washington. Cummings received a bachelor of science degree in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1933. In 1934 he graduated from the Ordnance Officer Course.
In the early 1940s Cummings served as assistant to the chief of the artillery division in the Ordnance Department’s Industrial Service Division.
World War II
During World War II Cummings was head of the Army’s industrial operations in Detroit, overseeing production of combat vehicles and other materiel. He was then assigned to command of the Ordnance Department’s industrial division in Europe.
Post World War II
Cummings continued his Ordnance career after World War II. In the late 1940s he was chief of the Parts and Supplies Branch in the Ordnance Branch’s Engineering Materials Division.
After completing his term as Chief of Ordnance, from 1958 to 1960 Cummings was assigned as deputy commander of the Eighth United States Army, simultaneously serving as commander of U.S. Army, Japan.
Retirement and awards
He operated a woodworking shop as a hobby, and also volunteered as a set builder for the Little Theater of Clearwater, remaining active almost until his death.
- Newspaper article, Chief of Ordnance, by United Press International, published in The Holland (Michigan) Journal, November 2, 1953
- Genealogical Succession, Graduates of the United States Military Academy, excerpted from the Register of Graduates and Former Cadets, published by the Alumni Society, 2005, page 1
- The Cornellian, Cornell University Yearbook, published by the University, 1926, Volume 58
- Cornell Alumni Newsletter, May 16, 1940, page 396
- Official U.S. Army Register, published by U.S. Army Adjutant General, 1954, page 166
- The Cornell Civil Engineer, published by Cornell University Association of Civil Engineers, 1928, Volumes 37-38, page 1928
- U.S. Federal Census entry, Emerson LeRoy Cummings family
- Serving the Line with Excellence: the Development of the US Army Ordnance Corps, as Expressed Through the Lives of its Chiefs of Ordnance, 1812-1987, With a Short Sketch of the History of Army Ordnance, 1775-1987, published by U.S. Army Ordnance Corps, 1987, page 62
- Biographical register of the officers and graduates of the United States Military Academy, by George Washington Cullum, updated by Edward Singleton Holden, Volume 8, Part 2 Page 561
- Official U.S. Army Register, published by U.S. Army Adjutant General, 1960, page 238
- SAE Journal, published by Society of Automotive Engineers, 1941, Volume 46, page 31
- Newspaper article, New Ordnance Chief Takes Job, by Associated Press, published in the Anderson (Indiana) Herald, November 3, 1953
- Hearing Record, Investigation of the National Defense Program, published by U.S. Senate, 1948, Volume 25-26, Page 11926
- Newspaper article, Fire Power Biggest Need to Win War in Korea, Says Ordnance General, Syracuse Post-Standard, December 11, 1951
- Hearing Record, Ammunition Shortages in the Armed Services, published by U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee, 1953, page 381
- Newspaper article, Maj. Gen. Cummings Will Head Ordnance, New York Times, October 8, 1953
- Newspaper article, Youngest Army Ordnance Chief Takes Office, Los Angeles Times, November 3, 1953
- List, Chiefs of Ordnance, 1918 to 1962, Principal Officials of the War Department and Department of the Army, 1900-1963, published by United States Army Center of Military History, Page 407
- Newspaper article, U.S. to Shift Japan Command, New York Times, November 15, 1958
- Japan Quarterly, 1959, Volume 6, page 265
- Newspaper article, General Succeeds Admiral: 10 Other Changes in Top Assignments Made by Pentagon, White House, Reading Eagle, December 2, 1960
- Newspaper article, Ike Appoints New 5th Army Commander, Chicago Tribune, December 3, 1960
- Newspaper article, 5th Army Gets a New Boss on Wednesday, Chicago Tribune, January 29, 1961
- Newspaper article, Cummings, 5th Army Chief, if Retiring at 60, Chicago Daily Tribune, March 28, 1962
- Alphabetical Index of Recipients, Major U.S. Military Awards, Military Times, Hall of Valor
- Official U.S. Army Register, published by U.S. Army Adjutant General, 1961, page 120
- Newspaper article, Head of 5th Army to Retire, New York Times, February 25, 1962
- Newspaper article, Cummings and Set Crew Deserve Hardy Applause, St. Petersburg Times, February 14, 1977
- Social Security Death Index
- Ordnance Corps Hall of Fame Induction by Year Page, U.S. Army Ordnance Corps Association Web Site